Completed Research: Transport

  • Traffic on the streets of London

    Developing a New Transport Demand Model for the London Area

    18 Jun 2019

    With rising populations in London leading to higher demand on road and transport networks, Transport for London asked researchers to develop a new strategic travel model for London, which will be used to develop strategic land use and transport policy scenarios to assist with future investment in London’s transport systems.

  • Rush hour on the A38(M) urban motorway at Aston, Birmingham, UK.

    A review of induced travel demand

    28 Nov 2018

    Through an extensive literature review, researchers found evidence that road capacity improvements result in induced travel demand, but most of the evidence came from large metropolitan areas outside the UK. More evidence from local studies would be helpful to ensure induced travel demand is properly accounted for in appraisal of capacity improvements to the UK's Strategic Road Network.

  • A New Transport Model for South East Wales

    18 Sep 2018

    RAND Europe researchers developed models capable of predicting levels of transport demand in South East Wales in response to a range of different policy options and in light of demographic changes.

  • Container ships in a port at sunset

    Improved connectivity would benefit China's BRI

    08 Aug 2018

    Trade routes developed as part of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) aim to promote regional cooperation in Asia, Europe, and Africa. Improving multimodal transport infrastructure and connectivity in the BRI region would likely benefit all partners, and rail improvements would have the greatest impact.

  • Buses in Buchanan Bus Station in Glasgow, Scotland

    More data needed on bus demand elasticities and diversion factors

    09 Jul 2018

    To plan and invest appropriately, policymakers need to understand the impact of price, journey time and other variables on bus passenger demand. More research and data are needed to help future policy efforts, according to a review of the evidence.

  • Google's self-driving car

    Would the EU Benefit from Common Liability Rules for Autonomous Vehicles?

    20 Apr 2018

    Researchers explored the potential impacts of AVs on European car manufacturers, the insurance industry, connected industries and markets, and those who provide public provision of services and supervise compliance.

  • H.C. Andersens Boulevard - January Evening in Copenhagen

    Quantifying travellers’ willingness to pay for a tolled tunnel in central Copenhagen

    21 Mar 2018

    Stated choice experiments helped researchers quantify the willingness of car and van travellers to pay to use a proposed new tunnel to cross to and from Amager in central Copenhagen. The results from this study will inform the Danish Road Directorate's proposed new infrastructure.

  • Updating the UK National Car Ownership Model

    22 Dec 2017

    The UK car ownership model was known to over-predict car ownership in dense urban areas, particularly London. In re-estimating the UK's current car ownership models using more recent data, researchers made improvements to the model specifications.

  • Trucks and port infrastructure, Sao Francisco do Sul, Brazil. July 2006

    Supporting Brazilian Regulation to Encourage Private Investment

    09 May 2017

    Regulatory frameworks enable a business environment that encourages private investment. Researchers prepared a roadmap for logistics infrastructure investments for the Brazilian Ministries of Planning and Finance.

  • Class 395 "Javelin" high-speed train operated by Southeastern, at Ebbsfleet International

    Understanding the Demand for Rail Travel in the UK

    27 Apr 2017

    An analysis of the National Travel Survey allowed researchers to quantify the impact of external socio-economic factors on rail demand. Application of the improved models for forecasting purposes requires the collation of socio-economic and demographic forecast data at an appropriately granular level.

  • Autonomous self-driving driverless vehicle with radar on the road

    Examining Future Transport Scenarios to Drive Innovation in the UK

    24 Jun 2016

    The UK’s roads, railways and airports are some of the most congested in the world. RAND Europe, in collaboration with Risk Solutions, explored how emerging technologies might make the transport system more efficient and effective by the year 2035.

  • Mototransport (bicycle cars) in New Delhi, India

    Exploring the Future of Driving in Developing Countries

    15 Oct 2015

    The level of automobility, or travel in personal vehicles, varies among countries. By determining the factors besides economic development that have affected automobility in developed countries, researchers can predict how automobility might evolve in developing countries such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China.

  • Central Texas Roadway System map

    Examining the Feasibility of Time-of-Day Tolls to Reduce Congestion

    19 Jun 2015

    To reduce traffic along a heavily congested Texas toll road, researchers used stated preference surveys and discrete choice models to understand how motorists will respond to alternative time-of-day pricing policies.

  • The M3 Motorway cutting at Twyford Down

    A Rapid Evidence Assessment of Road Traffic Demand Elasticities in the UK

    15 Jan 2015

    Researchers reviewed the literature for evidence on the key factors influencing road transport demand in the UK. Understanding how projected changes in economic and demographic trends affect future road traffic levels is important for strategic planning by policy makers in the transport sector.

  • London traffic

    Understanding the Factors Influencing Car Traffic Levels in Britain

    15 Jan 2015

    Researchers have undertaken a rapid evidence assessment review of peer-reviewed papers and ‘grey’ literature to provide a better understanding of the recent levelling off in total miles driven in Britain. Understanding factors behind this trend can help policymakers plan for future infrastructure needs.

  • Aerial photo of highway

    Modelling Long-Distance Travel in Great Britain

    09 Jan 2014

    Trips longer than 50 mi account for less than one-fortieth of all trips but nearly one-third of all distance traveled within Great Britain. Because they account for a substantial proportion of total distance traveled, particularly on motorways and rail, these trips are important for transport policy and have a substantial impact on congestion. RAND Europe developed a model to ensure proper treatment of the specific properties of long-distance travel; such treatment is essential for appraising the impact of transport policy aimed at this market, such as high-speed rail, highway construction and management policies, and policies directed toward domestic air travel.

  • Extending Copenhagen's Traffic Model May Help Reduce Congestion

    20 Nov 2013

    Copenhagen sees a lot of traffic, and congestion charging policies are currently high on the political agenda. The Danish Road Directorate asked RAND Europe, TetraPlan and Significance to extend the city's existing traffic model to predict time-of-day choice for car drivers. Doing so will allow planners to assess the effectiveness of different charging policies aimed at reducing congestion levels at particular times of day.

  • Sydney harbor bridge and ferry

    Modelling Transport Demand in Sydney, Australia

    24 Jul 2013

    Transport for New South Wales (TfNSW) operates the Sydney Strategic Travel Model (STM) to inform long term transport planning, policy development, and infrastructure assessment in Greater Sydney, Australia. RAND Europe has implemented new travel frequency, mode, and destination model components of the STM, and has recently further improved the commute mode-destination model. Previous work extended the model scope to include toll road choice for car drivers, and park-and-ride and kiss-and-ride access to train, and analysed and enhanced the pivoting component of the STM that helps to predict future travel patterns.

  • Developing Models to Predict Future High-Speed Rail Demand in Britain

    16 May 2013

    Within a consortium of consultancies, RAND Europe has contributed to the development of models to predict future passenger rail demand to assess the benefits of the proposed high-speed rail between London, Birmingham, Manchester and further afield. Our contribution in this work consisted of improving the quality of the travel demand models by using the best available evidence to improve the estimation of key model parameters.

  • London, Tower Bridge runner

    Scenario Planning Can Help Set Agenda for Secure 2012 Olympics

    13 Mar 2012

    Hosting the 2012 Olympic Games this summer will place London and the UK at the centre of the world's attention — something that carries with it a wide range of potential security risks. Organizers must learn from the successes and problems of past games in the areas of transportation, infrastructure and security. RAND Europe offers policymakers a methodology that will help foster evidence-based decisions as they finalise security planning for the Games.

  • electric car plugged in to wall

    What Factors Affect the Wider Adoption of Electric Vehicles?

    22 Feb 2012

    To understand the factors affecting the wider adoption of electric vehicles, RAND Europe has sponsored a project to evaluate the barriers, as well as relevant government and public-private interventions that have been used in other countries to facilitate adoption. The project team will also conduct a survey to determine the potential uptake of electric vehicles within a municipality, using Cambridge, UK, as a case study.

  • yellow school bus

    Developing a Vision for Qatar's School Transportation System

    21 Feb 2012

    Considering the challenges associated with continued growth and demographic changes, the government of Qatar is interested in updating its school transportation system (STS). RAND Europe helped to assess the perspectives of parents and school administrators, identify a vision for the STS, and discuss strategies to achieve it. The four elements of the vision: providing safe, efficient, and high-quality transportation; enabling mobility and access; supporting Qatari values and culture; and minimizing the impact on traffic congestion and the environment.

  • London double decker buses

    How Will Migration Impact UK Transport and Congestion?

    10 Jan 2012

    The UK Migration Advisory Committee commissioned RAND Europe to collate evidence on how migration is likely to impact transport networks. Our analysis finds that migrants tend to live in metropolitan areas and make transport choices strongly in favour of public transport, walking, cycling, and car-sharing when they first arrive in the UK; over time, however, their behaviour becomes more similar to the native population. The report also provides monetised estimates of migrants’ transport impacts.

  • Examining the Market for Low-Emission Vehicles in London

    12 Oct 2011

    A major shift to low emission vehicles in the private fleet is likely to be essential to any aspirations for Transport for London (TfL) to deliver significant reductions to its carbon footprint and meet desired environmental outcomes. RAND Europe, working in partnership with MVA Consultancy, developed a model to enable TfL to examine the market for low emission vehicles in order to forecast the CO2 emissions produced by the private car fleet in London.

  • British High Speed Train

    Modelling Demand for Long Distance Passenger Travel in Great Britain

    23 Jun 2011

    RAND Europe, in collaboration with URS/Scott Wilson, has developed models to predict demand for long-distance passenger travel in Great Britain to appraise the impact of new transport infrastructure and operation policies aimed at this market, such as high-speed rail, highway management, and policies directed towards domestic air travel. Stated preference surveys were conducted with rail, air and car travellers to enable better representation of high-speed rail in the models.