This study examined the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity risk during early adolescence, ages 10–13 years, and whether this association is present in different racial/ethnic and gender groups during 2 time points in early adolescence.
Racially/ethnically diverse preadolescent children share many of the same risk factors for smoking that have been found in studies of older children. Therefore, antismoking policies and programs might be more effective if designed for preadolescents as well as adolescents.
An examination of the contribution of perceived racial/ethnic discrimination to disparities in problem behaviors found that eliminating discrimination could considerably reduce mental health issues, including problem behaviors, among Black and Latino youths.
The U.S. prison population grew nearly fivefold between 1980 and 2009, at least partially due to the “War on Drugs.” Racial disparities in criminal justice referrals to drug treatment potentially affect access to treatment for hundreds of thousands of individuals arrested for drug offenses each year.
Men who experienced discrimination-related interpersonal trauma in their lifetime were more likely than were those who had not experienced such trauma to have engaged in unprotected anal intercourse with a male partner.
Overweight, obese and extremely obese 5th graders on average experience worse HRQOL than normal weight children, especially in psychosocial domains including self-worth and peer relationships, regardless of race/ethnicity.
Racial/ethnic minorities report more difficulties in getting drugs and needed information through Medicare's Part D program. However, quality improvement efforts may reduce these disparities in beneficiary experience with prescription drug coverage.
The burden of cancer is not experienced equally across the population: Nationwide, black Americans have higher rates of death from cancer than white Americans, and nowhere has this disparity been more apparent than in the nation's capital, writes Rebecca Anhang Price.
It has long been known that despite well-documented improvements in longevity for most Americans, alarming disparities persist among racial groups and between the well-educated and those with less education.
Improving HIV prevention and medical care delivery to persons living with HIV/AIDS should be a collaborative effort, particularly in the Gulf States region, where resources are limited but the epidemic is expanding, writes Vivian Towe.
By 8th grade, Hispanic and black children are 50 percent more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic white children. Obesity is equally prevalent among Hispanic and black children, but it emerges and is sustained earlier in Hispanics. This should have implications for diagnosis and prevention strategies going forward.
Nearly 40% of a nationally representative cohort of children started kindergarten with a BMI in the top quartile of the growth charts. This proportion increased significantly between 1st and 3rd grades but there was no further increase during middle school.
This study investigates racial and ethnic disparities in hospital admission and emergency room visit rates resulting from exposure to ozone and fine particulate matter levels in excess of federal standards ("excess attributable risk").
These interviews with young black men who have sex with men showed that perception of masculinity was the primary contextual factor influencing partner selection, risk assessment, and decision-making with regard to condom usage.