Arms Proliferation and Control

Featured

The U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms race ended in détente, but nuclear development efforts and WMD proliferation in India, Pakistan, North Korea, and Iran have caused geopolitical instability since the Cold War's end. RAND has applied strategic analysis to nuclear confrontation scenarios and international deterrence efforts since its earliest work on game theory, with particular focus on the roles of both diplomacy and missile defense systems in global as well as regional security.

  • The Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, a mausoleum in Pyongyang, North Korea, photo by narvikk/iStock

    Report

    How Does North Korea Evade Sanctions?

    Sep 23, 2021

    The United Nations has imposed increasingly restrictive sanctions on North Korea after each of the six nuclear weapons tests that it conducted between 2009 and 2016. Enforcement has been mixed, and North Korea has become adept at several techniques to evade sanctions.

  • Russian Mi-28N helicopters fly in formation at the Dubrovichi range near Ryazan, Russia, August 2, 2015, photo by Maxim Shemetov/Reuters

    Content

    Where Russia Markets and Sells Advanced Conventional Weapons

    Jun 11, 2021

    Russia uses arms exports to further relations with other countries, influence their political and military leaders, and further its broader foreign and defense policy goals. A series of maps show the extent of its marketing, negotiating, and sales of key weapons systems.

Explore Arms Proliferation and Control

  • Report

    Report

    Trends in NATO Central Region Tactical Fighter Inventories: 1950-2005

    Identifies major trends since 1950 in the evolution of the force structures of non-U.S. allied air forces in NATO's Central Region. It also examines the direction of these trends to the year 2005, assuming no arms control.

    Jan 1, 1990

  • Report

    Report

    Arms control and disarmament: the new intra-alliance debate

    This paper discusses Mikhail Gorbachev's "peace offensive" and NATO members' perceptions of and reactions to the Soviets' arms reduction policies as they affect the NATO position on disarmament. The author suggests that Soviet unilateral arms reducti...

    Jan 1, 1989

  • Report

    Report

    The philosophic roots of Western antinuclear movements

    This paper is based on a presentation made to a conference held October 28-29, 1988, at Cambridge, Massachusetts, on Arms Control Without Negotiation: Unilateral and Independent Initiatives. It describes and discusses the philosophic roots behind the...

    Jan 1, 1989

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    A Conceptual Framework for Operational Arms Control in Central Europe

    Operational arms control measures can improve NATO’s military security through three key elements: reducing the threat of strategic or operational surprise, raising the risks of preparing for attacks, and improving NATO’s tactical odds on D-Day.

    Jan 1, 1989

  • Report

    Report

    The threat, the conventional balance and arms control: the emerging alternative view in Europe

    In August 1988, the author attended a conference held in Kiruna, Sweden, on the subject of "Independent Arms Verification and Crisis Monitoring from Space." The conference examined the possibilities, problems, and limitations of utilizing civil (i.e....

    Jan 1, 1988

  • Report

    Report

    Extended Deterrence and Arms Control: A Collection of Conference Papers

    ... RAND Corporation, the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, the Institut Francais des Relations Internationales, and the Royal Institute of International Affairs sponsored a conference in San Diego, California, on Extended Deterrence and Arms Control.

    Jan 1, 1988

  • Report

    Report

    Nuclear Modernization and Arms Control in NATO

    Analyzes different ways in which NATO can respond to the nuclear requirements that flow from its strategy.

    Jan 1, 1988

  • Report

    Report

    Whither SDI? : Strategic Defenses In the Next Administration

    Concentrating on the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), this Note describes the programmatic, budgetary, arms control, and political contours of the strategic defense agenda that the new president is likely to confront.

    Jan 1, 1988

  • Report

    Report

    1986, the year in arms control

    The year 1986 was a very active and potentially significant one for arms control. Stockholm agreements were a limited but useful step toward regulating Warsaw Pact and NATO forces. The United States and the Soviet Union met at Reykjavik and worked o...

    Jan 1, 1987

  • Report

    Report

    Conventional Arms Control Revisited: Objectives in the New Phase

    This Note examines the relationship between conventional defense and arms control planning and assesses the conditions under which arms control can help NATO meet its conventional defense requirements.

    Jan 1, 1987

  • Report

    Report

    SDI and/or arms control

    This paper suggests a framework that relates U.S. policies regarding the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) and arms control to fundamental objectives of U.S. security--deterring aggression and limiting damage should deterrence fail. The paper argue...

    Jan 1, 1987

  • Report

    Report

    The Arms Control Challenge to the Alliance

    This paper was originally presented as an address to the North Atlantic Assembly in Plenary Session, The Storting, Oslo, Norway, on September 25, 1987.

    Jan 1, 1987

  • Report

    Report

    U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms control : the next phase

    This paper, which is included as a chapter in U.S.-Soviet Relations: The Next Phase (Cornell University Press, 1986), analyzes the nuclear arms control dimension of U.S.-Soviet relations as it enters a new phase. It reviews the developments and force...

    Jan 1, 1986

  • Report

    Report

    Assessing Options for Anti-Satellite Arms Control: The Analytic Hierarcy Process

    The result is a quantitative, auditable ranking of the OTA options by persons at RAND familiar with anti-satellite/ballistic missile defense issues.

    Jan 1, 1986

  • Report

    Report

    U.S.-Soviet Nuclear Arms Control: Where We Are and How We Got There

    This paper reviews recent obstacles to progress in arms control negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union.

    Jan 1, 1985

  • Report

    Report

    Of arms control, summit meetings, and the politics of make-believe

    This paper argues that arms control negotiations and summit meetings are a dangerous panacea because they do not achieve the goals commonly claimed for them: (1) alleviate tension and contribute to international peace and security; (2) create a clima...

    Jan 1, 1985

  • Report

    Report

    The Intelligence Process and the Verification Problem

    In an effort to improve public understanding of the relationship between intelligence and the feasibility of verifying compliance with arms control agreements, this paper provides a primer on the intelligence-gathering process, discusses the need ...

    Jan 1, 1985

  • Report

    Report

    Strategic nuclear weapons, arms control, and the NATO alliance

    The development of new strategic nuclear weapons systems and the current chill in Soviet-American relations have clouded the future of strategic arms control. Prospective deployments of certain strategic weapons also strain relations between the Unit...

    Jan 1, 1985

  • Report

    Report

    Monitoring bombers and cruise missiles for the purposes of arms control

    This paper discusses the extent to which bomber/cruise missile characteristics and activities can be monitored by national technical means. Monitoring, which involves detection, identification, and measurement, should be distinguished from verificati...

    Jan 1, 1985

  • Report

    Report

    Nonnuclear strategic weapons: implications for arms control policy

    The future acquisition of nonnuclear strategic weapons (NNSW) is likely to have profound consequences for a wide range of U.S. foreign and defense policy issues. This paper examines the implications of NNSW acquisition for arms control policy, focusi...

    Jan 1, 1984