Artificial Intelligence

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Technology, machines, and software that have the ability to be self-directed and learn from their actions are generally known as artificial intelligence. In the early days of computing, RAND researchers examined and tried to develop such technology and apply it for use in political and military simulations.

  • Commentary

    Policymaking Needs to Get Ahead of Artificial Intelligence

    President Biden's executive order on AI is a key step toward a regulatory regime that protects against AI's possible perils while balancing its potential. But more policies are needed—especially when it comes to security issues.

    Jan 12, 2024

  • Commentary

    How Might AI Affect the Rise and Fall of Nations?

    As artificial intelligence continues to advance, geopolitics may never be the same. The AI development path that ultimately unfolds will matter enormously for the shape and contours of the future world.

    Nov 3, 2023

Explore Artificial Intelligence

  • A green and black digital biohazad symbol, photo by alengo/Getty Images

    Testimony

    Preparing the Federal Response to Advanced Technologies

    As artificial intelligence has advanced rapidly in recent years, debate has expanded about its potential risks, with the relationship to biosecurity being a particular concern. How can the U.S. government respond to emerging threats posed by broadly capable AI systems?

    Sep 19, 2023

  • U.S. Army Staff Sgt. Curtis Chancey, center, teaches Ukrainian soldiers how to determine grid coordinates during a map reading and land navigation class at the International Peacekeeping and Security Center near Yavoriv, Ukraine, March 5, 2016, photo by Staff Sgt. Adriana M. Diaz-Brown/U.S. Army

    Report

    Can Machine Learning Improve Military Decisionmaking?

    Machine learning has great potential to enable military decisionmaking at the operational level of war but only when paired with human analysts who possess detailed understanding of the context behind a given problem.

    Sep 19, 2023

  • Woman looking at wall with code

    Multimedia

    Preparing the Federal Response to Advanced Technologies

    Testimony presented before the U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Spending Oversight on September 19, 2023.

    Sep 19, 2023

  • A robotic arm working in a science laboratory, photo by gorodenkoff/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Progress or Peril? The Brave New World of Self-Driving Science Labs

    Self-driving laboratories (SDLs) promise to reshape our very understanding of research. But, as with all groundbreaking innovations, SDLs bring their own set of intriguing questions and potential challenges.

    Sep 18, 2023

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: September-October 2023

    Features explore the impact of four-day school weeks; the risk of people in the intelligence community experiencing trauma; and how insomnia affects societal health, well-being, and productivity.

    Sep 11, 2023

  • RAND Weekly Recap

    Blog

    The Four-Day School Week, AI and Social Media Manipulation, School Safety: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on the costs and benefits of a four-day school week, how artificial intelligence is bringing a new era of social media manipulation, the effects of placing police officers in schools, and more.

    Sep 8, 2023

  • Illustration of a puppet master controlling social media symbols, image by rudall30/Getty Images

    Commentary

    U.S. Adversaries Can Use Generative AI for Social Media Manipulation

    Using generative artificial intelligence technology, U.S. adversaries can manufacture fake social media accounts that seem real. These accounts can be used to advance narratives that serve the interests of those governments and pose a direct challenge to democracies. U.S. government, technology, and policy communities should act fast to counter this threat.

    Sep 7, 2023

  • Financial technology concept with monetary symbols in a digital environment, photo by metamorworks/Adobe Stock

    Commentary

    Money, Markets, and Machine Learning: Unpacking the Risks of Adversarial AI

    The consequences of ignoring the problem of adversarial attacks in algorithmic trading are potentially catastrophic. In a world increasingly reliant on machine learning models, the financial sector needs to shift from being reactive to proactive to ensure the security and integrity of our financial system.

    Aug 31, 2023

  • A woman's face overlayed with video markings over a statistic reading 27% to 50% of people surveyed couldn't tell the difference between authentic videos and deepfakes, image by Kekeli Sumah/RAND Corporation

    Journal Article

    Can People Identify Deepfakes?

    Deepfakes are becoming more advanced, but they are already able to sow confusion among the public. In one study, 27 to 50 percent of people could not tell the difference between deepfakes and authentic videos.

    Aug 23, 2023

  • RAND Weekly Recap

    Blog

    Maui Wildires, Regulating AI, Ukraine's Civilian Resistance: RAND Weekly Recaps

    This weekly recap focuses on the invisible damage of Maui’s wildfires, making the artificial intelligence supply chain safer, how Ukrainian civilians resist Russia, and more.

    Aug 18, 2023

  • Google sign is seen at the World Artificial Intelligence Conference (WAIC) in Shanghai, China, July 6, 2023, photo by Aly Song/Reuters

    Commentary

    Rethinking Who's Winning the U.S.-China Tech Competition

    The competition between the U.S. and China is a multi-dimensional contest involving technological, economic, military, and political elements. To accurately assess a nation's standing, the focus should shift from measures (raw numerical data) to metrics, which offer meaningful interpretations of these numbers.

    Aug 16, 2023

  • Closeup digital rendering of a human eye, photo by Vertigo3d/Getty Images

    Commentary

    A Model for Regulating AI

    While AI will bring many benefits, it is also potentially dangerous. We would do well to establish a model of oversight that focuses on the three parts of the AI supply chain: hardware, the training of each model, and rigorous review before each model is released.

    Aug 16, 2023

  • A health care professional uses data as part of patient care, photo by metamorworks/Getty Images

    Journal Article

    Using Claims-Based Algorithms to Predict Activity, Mobility, and Memory Limitations

    Algorithms based on health care claims can be used to identify frailty and functional impairment—both predictors for mortality and health care utilization. This can help with decisionmaking related to risk adjustment and targeting large-scale health interventions.

    Aug 16, 2023

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Strategies to Improve the Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Health Equity: Scoping Review

    This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the health equity issues related to the use of AI applications and identify strategies proposed to address them.

    Aug 14, 2023

  • Testimony

    Testimony

    Ensuring That Government Use of Technology Serves the Public: Addendum

    Document submitted August 2, 2023, as an addendum to testimony before the U.S. House Committee on Oversight and Accountability, Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Information Technology, and Government Innovation on June 22, 2023.

    Aug 9, 2023

  • Testimony

    Testimony

    Advancing Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence: Addendum

    Document submitted August 1, 2023, as an addendum to testimony before the U.S. House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology on June 22, 2023.

    Aug 9, 2023

  • RAND Weekly Recap

    Blog

    Ukrainian Refugees, U.S. and Allied Defense Strategy, Threats from AI: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on supporting Ukrainian refugees, the future of U.S. and allied defense strategy, existential threats posed by artificial intelligence, and more.

    Aug 4, 2023

  • Jim Mitre and Margie Palmieri, video still courtesy of RAND Corporation

    Multimedia

    The Pentagon's Chief Digital and Artificial Intelligence Officer: One Year In

    Margie Palmieri of the Chief Digital and Artificial Intelligence Office (CDAO) joins Jim Mitre, director of RAND's International Security and Defense Policy Program, to discuss the formation of the CDAO and the first year of the new organization.

    Jul 27, 2023

  • ChatGPT, an AI chatbot developed by OpenAI, is seen on its website in this illustration picture taken in Beijing, China, February 9, 2023, photo by Florence Lo/Reuters

    Commentary

    ChatGPT Is Creating New Risks for National Security

    Large language models like ChatGPT and Claude offer a wide range of beneficial applications. But there are significant risks associated with their use that demand a coordinated effort among partner nations to forge a solid, integrated defense against the threat of malign information operations.

    Jul 20, 2023

  • artificial intelligence concept with CGI face and programming code, photo by dem10/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Tackling the Existential Threats from Artificial Intelligence

    Addressing potential risks posed by artificial intelligence (AI) could begin with simple steps like finding appropriate risk-management approaches, conducting research to determine how AI can better meet designers' intent, and devising responses to issues related to racism, sexism, and other biases within AI systems.

    Jul 11, 2023