• Lt. Col. Scott Morley, commander of the Phoenix Recruiting Battalion, administers the oath of enlistment to 40 future soldiers, August 26, 2018, at Chase Field, photo by Mike Scheck/U.S. Army


    Army Enlistment Waivers in the Age of Legal Marijuana

    Army recruits with a history of marijuana use can ask for a waiver like those who have diabetes or insomnia. They are just as likely as others to complete their first term and make sergeant, and are less likely to leave the Army for health or performance reasons.

    Oct 27, 2021

  • Marijuana in a jar, photo by MmeEmil/Getty Images


    Green Light for Cannabis Legalisation in Germany Is Not a Clear-Cut Decision

    The new “traffic light” coalition in Germany recently agreed to regulate the sale of cannabis to adults for recreational purposes in licensed shops. International experience has shown that great care is needed in how cannabis policy is shaped.

    Dec 6, 2021

Explore Cannabis

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Quasi-legal Cannabis in Colorado and Washington: Local and National Implications

    In November 2012, Washington state and Colorado took the unprecedented step of legalizing commercial production and sale of cannabis for adult use, but all cannabis-related activities remain prohibited under the federal Controlled Substances Act.

    May 1, 2013

  • Visuals showing suppprt for marijuana legalization in Washington state and how tax revenues will benefit the community


    7 Key Questions on Marijuana Legalization

    Policymakers in Washington and Colorado are confronting some new and tricky issues that have never been addressed. For them, and for anyone else thinking about changing their pot laws, there are seven key decision areas that will shape the costs and benefits of marijuana legalization.

    Apr 26, 2013

  • rally to legalize marijuana


    Ask Me Anything: Beau Kilmer Answers Drug Policy Questions on Reddit

    Beau Kilmer, co-director of the RAND Drug Policy Research Center and coauthor of Marijuana Legalization: What Everyone Needs to Know, hosted an “Ask Me Anything” (AMA) session on Reddit this week. He fielded questions from participants on a variety of drug policy issues.

    Apr 26, 2013

  • marijuana money

    Journal Article

    Options for Collecting Revenue from Legal Marijuana

    Potential tax rates and revenues have been a common theme in discussions about legalizing marijuana. However, policy goals, types of taxes, and components of revenue are also important to consider.

    Jan 1, 2013

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Estimating the Size of the EU Cannabis Market

    This report generates estimates of retail cannabis expenditure in the EU using new data about cannabis consumption and expenditures from a web survey conducted in seven Member States.

    Jan 1, 2013

  • teenage boy by river

    Journal Article

    Middle Schoolers Overestimate How Many of Their Peers Drink, Smoke, and Use

    Adolescents' perceptions of peer substance use grow significantly during their middle school years. These can affect current and future use. Early interventions that limit this influential factor may be appropriate during this developmental period.

    Jan 1, 2013

  • News Release

    News Release

    The Illicit Drug Landscape in the U.S and Paths for Future Efforts

    The nature of the American drug problem has changed substantially over the last 20 years. It is now less of a crime problem illustrated by drug market violence and more of a health problem with higher rates of morbidity and mortality, and a criminal justice problem of burdensome incarceration rates.

    Sep 18, 2012

  • Commentary

    How Might the Federal Government React if States Legalize Marijuana?

    This November, Washington state, Oregon, and Colorado voters will consider ballot measures to legalize the production, distribution, and possession of marijuana for nonmedical purposes. Even if voters pass these measures at the state level, marijuana will still be prohibited by the federal government, writes Beau Kilmer.

    Sep 12, 2012

  • Woman looking in medicine cabinet


    Insights and Opportunities for Improving U.S. Drug Policy

    The nature of the American drug problem has changed substantially over the last 20 years. It is now less of a crime problem illustrated by drug market violence and more of a health problem with higher rates of morbidity and mortality, and a criminal justice problem of burdensome incarceration rates.

    Sep 5, 2012

  • A court gavel next to a cannabis leaf


    In Brief: Beau Kilmer on Marijuana Legalization

    When people talk about legalization they're talking about removing the prohibitions on production, distribution, and possession, and sometimes they also talk about having regulations and taxation. This is very different from decriminalization, which generally focuses on reducing the penalties associated just with possession.

    Jul 25, 2012

  • Congressional Briefing Podcast


    Marijuana Legalization: What We Know and What We Don't

    In this July 2012 Congressional Briefing, researchers from the RAND Drug Policy Research Center discuss marijuana legalization, how it differs from decriminalization, its possible consequences, and federal response to state initiatives.

    Jul 17, 2012

  • Closeup of a hand holding a lit marijuana cigarette


    Can Marijuana Use Lead to Dependence or Addiction?

    Someone who uses cocaine every other day or more often is probably cocaine dependent; someone who uses marijuana every other day or more often is probably not cannabis dependent. In this regard, marijuana resembles alcohol more than it does the “hard” drugs.

    Jul 12, 2012

  • Cannabis plants


    The Marijuana Exception

    Being honest about the uncertainties involved is the price of admission to any serious discussion about marijuana legalization, writes Beau Kilmer.

    Apr 23, 2012

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Epidemiological Model for Examining Marijuana Use Over the Life Course

    Trajectories of drug use are usually studied empirically by following over time persons sampled from either the general population (most often youth and young adults) or from heavy or problematic users (e.g., arrestees or those in treatment).

    Jan 1, 2012

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Neighborhood Characteristics and the Initiation of Marijuana Use and Binge Drinking

    Neighborhood characteristics such as a higher unemployment rate and greater perceptions of safety appear to influence initiation of marijuana use and binge drinking, respectively. The mechanisms appear to be distinct for each substance.

    Jan 1, 2012

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    What Can We Learn from the Dutch Cannabis Coffeeshop System?

    Cannabis consumption in the Netherlands is lower than would be expected in an unrestricted market, perhaps because cannabis prices have remained high due to production-level prohibitions.

    Nov 1, 2011

  • Content

    Cannabis Legalization

    The RAND Drug Policy Research Center has provided objective analysis and research to decisionmakers for over 30 years. This page collects DPRC's pertinent published articles and studies, presenting unbiased information for those making decisions about cannabis policy.

    Oct 5, 2011

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Childhood Socio-Economic Status and the Onset, Persistence, and Severity of DSM-IV Mental Disorders in a US National Sample

    Although significant associations between childhood socio-economic status (SES) and adult mental disorders have been widely documented, SES has been defined using several different indicators often considered alone.

    Oct 1, 2011

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Bringing Perspective to Illicit Markets: Estimating the Size of the U.S. Marijuana Market

    The authors review two general approaches to drug market estimation--supply-side and demand-side--before turning to a more specific analysis of studies that measure the size of the U.S. marijuana market.

    Jan 1, 2011

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Do Citizens Know Whether Their State Has Decriminalized Marijuana? Assessing the Perceptual Component of Deterrence Theory

    Deterrence theory proposes that legal compliance is influenced by the anticipated risk of legal sanctions.

    Jan 1, 2009