Child Welfare

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Children who live in impoverished conditions or who experience traumatic events face numerous challenges as they develop. RAND conducts research on issues that affect child welfare such as poverty, abuse and neglect, foster care, adoption, child protective services, and other government services designed to protect children and encourage family stability.

Explore Child Welfare

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Early Puberty, Negative Peer Influence, and Problem Behaviors in Adolescent Girls

    Early puberty and friends' deviance may increase the risk of problem behavior in young adolescent girls. Although many of these associations dissipate over time, early-maturing girls are at risk of persistently higher delinquency and stronger negative peer influences.

    Jan 1, 2014

  • Woman waves an Irish flag in Southampton, England

    News Release

    Poor Health of Irish Immigrants in England May Be Linked to Childhood Abuse

    Explanations about the struggles among Irish immigrants that rely exclusively on troubled assimilation may be missing a significant part of the story. A large fraction of them suffered from well-documented physical and sexual abuse among Irish children born between 1920 and 1960.

    Dec 17, 2013

  • sad mother

    Report

    Maternal Depression: Implications for Systems Serving Mothers and Children

    Since women are almost twice as likely as men to experience depression and most women age 15 to 50 have children, maternal depression is an important issue. This report informs policymakers and practitioners of evidence connecting maternal depression and negative outcomes for both mother and child.

    Aug 12, 2013

  • father feeding his baby

    Commentary

    Father's Day: The Important Role Fathers Play in Children's Upbringing

    Research shows that engaged fathers have a positive influence on their children. Educational success, better social development, and higher self-esteem are some of the documented effects on children who have dads involved in their everyday life.

    Jun 14, 2013

  • hands holding paper cutout of family

    Report

    Current Developments in Parenting Support in European Member States

    As part of the European Platform for Investing in Children (EPIC), the European Commission's Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion asked RAND Europe to review parenting support initiatives in Europe. The scope, organisation, delivery and funding of parenting support services varies considerably across and within Member States. Nevertheless, a common set of characteristic features of parenting support can be identified in the European context.

    Jun 14, 2013

  • preschool boy and girl being creative

    Commentary

    Investing in Children

    The historic objective of Children's Day — celebrated in many European countries on the first day of June — was not simply to celebrate children for who they are, but to bring attention to children around the world who suffer from exploitation, violence, and discrimination.

    May 31, 2013

  • President Barack Obama's State of the Union address on Capitol Hill in Washington, February 12, 2013

    Blog

    The State of the Union 2013

    The 2013 SOTU address will be remembered for its impassioned call for greater gun control just two months after Sandy Hook. But President Obama's second-term agenda can be characterized by its sheer breadth, reflecting the broad range of policy challenges facing the U.S. today.

    Feb 13, 2013

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Assessing Programs Designed to Improve Outcomes for Children Exposed to Violence: Results from Nine Randomized Controlled Trials

    The study tests whether participation in interventions offered by a subset of sites from the National Safe Start Promising Approaches for Children Exposed to Violence initiative improved outcomes for children relative to controls.

    Feb 1, 2013

  • A Glock 22 pistol is displayed at the Rocky Mountain Guns and Ammo store in Parker, Colorado, July 24, 2012

    Commentary

    Firearms and Gun Control: Many Questions, Some Answers

    Guns claim the lives of thousands of people in America every year. But the problem of gun violence is larger and much more complex than mass shootings. What does research say about how to reduce firearm-related deaths?

    Jan 17, 2013

  • Gun violence protesters march on NRA lobbying offices

    Commentary

    Responding to Newtown

    Art Kellermann reviews what is known from broad outlines of the Newtown attack and past research on gun violence to offer some preliminary thoughts to the Obama Administration's task force and the public.

    Dec 26, 2012

  • Assault rifle

    Commentary

    Silencing the Science on Gun Research

    The United States has long relied on public health science to improve the safety, health, and lives of its citizens. Perhaps the same straightforward, problem-solving approach that worked well in other circumstances can help the nation meet the challenge of firearm violence, writes Arthur Kellermann.

    Dec 21, 2012

  • sad girl

    Project

    CBITS Offers Online Training and Support to Improve Mental Health of Children and Families

    The Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS) program is a school-based, group, and individual intervention. CBITS is designed to reduce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and behavioral problems, and to improve grades and attendance, peer and parent support, and coping skills.

    Sep 11, 2012

  • Pregnant woman

    Journal Article

    How Long After a Miscarriage Should Women Wait Before Becoming Pregnant Again?

    Research in Matlab, Bangladesh, reveals that the shorter the interpregnancy interval (IPI) following a miscarriage, the more likely the subsequent pregnancy is to result in a live birth. However, very short IPIs are associated with a higher risk of mortality for the infants born after them.

    Aug 20, 2012

  • A mother comforting her son

    Commentary

    Helping Kids Cope with the Effects of Violence and Trauma

    The impact of violence and trauma on children has led RAND and its partners to focus not only on studying the problem, but working collaboratively to find interventions that help address a significant public health need.

    May 29, 2012

  • Report

    Report

    National Evaluation of Safe Start Promising Approaches: Assessing Program Outcomes

    Shares the results of Safe Start Promising Approaches, a community-based initiative that implemented and evaluated promising and evidence-based programs to prevent and reduce the impact of children's exposure to violence in 15 U.S. program sites.

    Jan 4, 2012

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Responding to Students with PTSD in Schools

    Students who have experienced a traumatic event are at increased risk for academic, social, and emotional problems as a result of these experiences.

    Jan 1, 2012

  • empty desk

    Journal Article

    Schools Can Be a Powerful Setting for PTSD Interventions

    The Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools Program (CBITS) is a targeted intervention for school children who have experienced a traumatic or violent event and have symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder.

    Jan 1, 2012

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Toward Standardization of Benefit-Cost Analysis of Early Childhood Interventions

    The objective of this paper is to delineate a set of standards for conducting benefit-cost analyses (BCAs) of early childhood programs.

    Jan 1, 2012

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Adverse Childhood Experiences and Risk of Physical Violence in Adolescent Dating Relationships

    This study evaluates associations of commonly co-occurring childhood adversities with physical violence in dating relationships to identify potential strategies for refining and targeting dating violence prevention programmes.

    Nov 1, 2011

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Reducing the Impact of Children's Exposure to Violence: Results of the National Evaluation of Safe Start Promising Approaches

    RAND's evaluation of Safe Start Promising Approaches identified program successes and challenges in implementing programs for children exposed to violence. The evaluation results, though largely inconclusive, can inform similar efforts going forward.

    Sep 13, 2011