Child

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Childhood is generally defined as the period of life between birth and adulthood, but children can also be characterized by their stage of development, including prenatal, infant, toddler, school-age, pre-pubescent, and teen or adolescent. RAND research on children covers the prenatal period to age 18 and spans multiple research areas, including health, education, criminal justice, and safety.

  • Members of youth soccer teams walk onto the field with the Philadelphia Union before a match against the Portland Timbers at Talen Energy Stadium, Philadelphia, Pa., May 25, 2019, photo by Eric Hartline/USA Today Sports via Reuters

    Report

    Kids from Low-Income Families Are Less Likely to Participate in Sports

    Jul 18, 2019

    Parents, school administrators, and community sports program leaders agree that sports participation provides kids with benefits. But only 52 percent of lower-income parents involve their children in sports, compared with 66 percent of higher-income parents, in part because of rising costs and time commitments.

  • Girl doing homework while using a breathing treatment, photo by anandaBGD/Getty Images

    Commentary

    How a Poor Indoor Environment at Home Affects Children's Health in the EU

    Nov 4, 2019

    One third of children in the EU are exposed to damp or mold, cold, darkness, and noise in their own homes. The good condition of homes should not only be seen as an issue of comfort, but as an essential basic requirement for good health of the residents, especially when they are families with children.

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