Children, Families, and Communities

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RAND research addresses child health and how families and neighborhoods affect child well-being. Other family-focused research covers topics such as immigration, caregiving, and household finances. Through studies on families as well as community resilience, RAND develops solutions to public policy challenges to help make communities throughout the world safer and more secure, healthier and more prosperous.

  • People are seen at a 24-hour COVID-19 vaccination center at the Brooklyn Army Terminal in Brooklyn, New York, January 11, 2021, photo by Brendan McDermid/Reuters

    Report

    Vaccine Hesitancy Is High Among Black Americans, Including Health Care Workers

    Mar 1, 2021

    Lower vaccination rates among Black Americans would further widen COVID-19 inequities in diagnosis, hospitalization, and mortality. But concerns about vaccine safety, mistrust of the government's transparency around COVID-19, and beliefs about racism in health care are contributing to mistrust of the vaccine.

  • A young girl reading with her grandmother.

    Multimedia

    From Day One: The Importance of Early Learning

    Feb 24, 2021

    RAND researchers Rita Karam and Gail Zellman discuss the importance of early childhood learning. This video features interviews with families and educators in the Middle East who have experienced the positive effects of engaging children in conversations and educational activities at home and in early childhood programs.

Explore Children, Families, and Communities

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    The Affordable Care Act, Breastfeeding, and Breast Pump Health Insurance Coverage

    Viewpoint on the Affordable Care Act, breastfeeding, and breast pump health insurance coverage.

    Nov 17, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    On the Value of the Umbilical Cord Blood Supply

    Several public cord blood banks are struggling financially, and the question remains whether additional allocations of funds to them are justified. This article estimates the social benefits of public cord blood bank inventory net of cord blood banks' operational costs.

    Nov 17, 2020

  • Joel Martinez takes a photo of Washington Gardens Apartments, which collapsed from winds brought by Hurricane Zeta in New Orleans, Louisiana, October 28, 2020, photo by Kathleen Flynn/Reuters

    Commentary

    Disaster Reporting and Its Impacts on Policy and Inequities

    Disaster news tropes may capture audience attention, but they ultimately frustrate progress in mitigating the short- and long-term effects of disasters on communities. It's more important than ever that news stories about disasters frame the effects of environmental phenomena in meaningful ways.

    Nov 16, 2020

  • Woman working at home on a laptop with cat on the desk, photo by Drazen_/Getty Images

    Commentary

    The Lopsided Telework Revolution

    The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated a transition to telework, protecting the jobs and the health of those whose work can be performed remotely. Creative policies in a post-pandemic world are needed to help more broadly distribute the benefits of increased remote work.

    Nov 16, 2020

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: November-December 2020

    Features explore the challenge of delivering effective treatments for veterans with co-occuring disorders; teachers, students, and the importance of civic responsibility in present-day America; and teaching and learning in the age of COVID-19.

    Nov 16, 2020

  • Blog

    Veterans Day, Psychedelic Drug Policy, Family Caregivers: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses supporting veterans with mental health and substance use disorders, changes to psychedelic drug policy, the vital role of family caregivers, and more.

    Nov 13, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Feasibility and Effectiveness of Telelactation Among Rural Breastfeeding Women

    This article evaluates the feasibility and impact of telelactation via personal electronic devices on breastfeeding duration and exclusivity among rural women.

    Nov 13, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Use of Virtual Breastfeeding Support Among Underserved, Rural Mothers

    To assess predictors of utilization and telelactation visit characteristics, we merged and analyzed data from two sources: visit-level data supplied by the telelactation vendor and longitudinal surveys of women in the intervention group at four timepoints.

    Nov 13, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Effects of Women's Weight Changes on Adverse Outcomes in a Second Pregnancy

    This article estimates the effects of women's weight changes in four sequential perinatal periods across first and second pregnancies on adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in the second pregnancy.

    Nov 13, 2020

  • Woman talking to a mental health provider, photo by stefanamer/Getty Images

    Report

    Evaluating Connections to Care

    In 2016, New York City policymakers came together with federal and private funders to support a program, Connections to Care (C2C), intended to provide quality mental health support within high-risk communities. RAND evaluated C2C, examining its implementation, impact on access and use of mental health care, and costs.

    Nov 12, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Barriers and Facilitators of Kangaroo Mother Care Adoption in Five Chinese Hospitals: A Qualitative Study

    We provided a comprehensive report on the multi-level KMC barriers and facilitators in China. We recommend policy interventions addressing these barriers and facilitators and increase family and peer support to improve KMC adoption in China.

    Nov 12, 2020

  • Members of an Expeditionary Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron monitor patients during an aero-medical evacuation mission from Balad Air Base, Iraq, to Ramstein Air Base, Germany, February 25, 2007, photo by MSgt. Scott Reed/U.S. Air Force

    Report

    How Military Medical Care Has Evolved

    How America cares for its war casualties—those physically or mentally wounded in combat—is a high priority. From the Korean War to recent conflicts in the Middle East, there have been dramatic changes in the care that these casualties receive in the field and in hospitals, in the care given to disabled veterans and their dependents, and in who provides that care.

    Nov 11, 2020

  • The 1st Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery Regiment, 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, color guard marches off Tower Barracks parade field after a battalion reenlistment ceremony at Grafenwoehr Training Area, Germany, Dec. 28, 2018, photo by Sgt. Jamar Marcel Pugh/U.S. Army National Guard

    Brochure

    RAND Arroyo Center Annual Report 2020

    This Annual Report illustrates the depth, breadth, and responsiveness of the studies that RAND Arroyo Center conducted for the Army in fiscal year 2020.

    Nov 10, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Health Effects of Heat Vulnerability in Rio De Janeiro: A Validation Model for Policy Applications

    Here we investigate how to construct and validate a heat vulnerability index given uncertainty ranges in data for the city of Rio de Janeiro. We find that we can validate the heat vulnerability index against excess deaths during heat waves.

    Nov 10, 2020

  • A person holds a credit card and types on a laptop while online shopping, photo by Ngampol/Adobe Stock

    Report

    How Is COVID-19 Changing Online Shopping Habits?

    Americans' online shopping habits have continued to shift during the pandemic. By August 2020, more people were shopping online, and 39 percent reported spending more money on their purchases. People who spent less were likely to have lost employment.

    Nov 10, 2020

  • A woman dressing her sick mother, photo by Phynart Studio/Getty Images

    Report

    Family Caregivers Should Be Included in Health Care Teams

    About 53 million family and friends provide care and assistance to loved ones in the United States, but they are often overlooked by health care systems. Integrating them into a patient's health care team can help improve care quality and the quality of life for patients and their families.

    Nov 10, 2020

  • News Release

    News Release

    Efforts Needed to Expand Ability of Family Members to Integrate into Formal Health Care Teams

    Integrating family caregivers into a patient's health care team can help improve care quality and the quality of life for both patients and their families, yet family caregivers face significant barriers coordinating their efforts with the formal health care team.

    Nov 10, 2020

  • Members of the Cajun Navy transport loggers to clear power lines after Tropical Storm Florence caused massive flooding in Whiteville, North Carolina, September 17, 2018, photo by Randall Hill/Reuters

    Commentary

    What's Missing From Community Disaster Response? The Whole Community

    Across the United States, significant gaps exist in disaster response needs and capabilities. Community volunteers have stepped up to fill those gaps where possible. They may need more support and resources.

    Nov 9, 2020

  • Terri Tanielian waits for a House Committee on Veterans' Affairs hearing to begin in the U.S. Capitol Visitor Center, photo by Grace Evans/RAND Corporation

    Q&A

    A Voice for Veterans on Capitol Hill: Q&A with Terri Tanielian

    Terri Tanielian, a senior behavioral scientist at RAND and an internationally recognized expert on military and veteran health, spent six months as a fellow with the House Committee on Veterans' Affairs. She helped the committee develop a comprehensive suicide prevention strategy.

    Nov 6, 2020

  • Report

    Report

    National Guard Youth ChalleNGe: Program Progress in 2018–2019

    In the fourth annual report on the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe, a residential, quasi-military program for youth struggling in traditional high school, researchers provide information on participants who entered the program in 2018.

    Nov 6, 2020