Civilian Military Workforce

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Civilian personnel frequently support military troops in their national security missions and participate in stabilization and reconstruction efforts around the world. RAND research has provided policymakers with assessments and recommendations on how to utilize the civilian workforce effectively in areas of planning, development, performance, talent management, accountability, and personnel benefits.

  • Woman walking through airport with luggage and an image of bombed Syrian city superimposed on the background, photos by Drazen_/Getty Images and fly_and_dive/Adobe Stock

    Essay

    Civilians Returning from War Zones Need More Support

    May 18, 2020

    Deployed civilians often work alongside the military in combat zones or other high-stress, high-risk areas. But when they return, their experience is much different. They come home to support that is often incomplete and insufficient, and sometimes entirely nonexistent.

  • Patricia Marshall, Air Force Installation and Mission Support Center chief of strategy, shares information about the Defense Innovation Dashboard project with Secretary of the Air Force Barbara Barrett, Chief of Staff of the Air Force Gen. Charles Q. Brown, Jr., and Chief Master Sgt. of the Air Force JoAnne S. Bass at the AFWERX Austin hub, Aug. 20, 2020. During the visit, the AFWERX team showcased various initiatives aimed toward modernizing the Air Force including the AFVentures Fellowship, Agility Prime program, AFWERX internships, Spark Colliders and RAPIDx, photo by Staff Sgt. Jordyn Fetter/Air National Guard

    Report

    Maintaining a Demographically Diverse Air Force Civilian Workforce

    Sep 3, 2020

    The Air Force experiences challenges in maintaining a demographically diverse civilian workforce. How can changes to policies and practices help it grow and retain civilian talent from across all demographics?

Explore Civilian Military Workforce

  • Report

    Report

    Married to the Military: The Employment and Earnings of Military Wives Compared with Those of Civilian Wives

    Examines differences between military and civilian wives' contribution to family income.

    Apr 10, 2002

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Improving the Quality of DoD's Civilian Workforce: Guidance for the Office of the Chancellor for Education and Professional Development

    Among the recommendations is that the Chancellor's office focus on becoming the DoD educational information center in the near term while seeking, over the medium term, to develop a role in the program approval process.

    Jan 1, 2002

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Civilian Education and Training in the Department of Defense: How Can We Gauge Its Value?

    DoD's education and training efforts are highly decentralized and suggests that defense policymakers can gauge the caliber of those efforts by choosing one of four assessment approaches.

    Jan 1, 2001

  • Report

    Report

    Department of Defense Political Appointments: Positions and Process

    In 1998, the Defense Science Board Task Force on Human Resources Strategy was established for the purpose of evaluating the Department of Defense's (DoD's) capacity to attract and retain both civilian and military personnel.

    Jan 1, 2001

  • Report

    Report

    Characterizing the Future Defense Workforce

    An occupational-level analysis of the effects of the future environment on the characteristics of the Department of Defense (DoD) work and workers.

    Jan 1, 2001

  • Report

    Report

    Pay Competitiveness and Quality of Department Of Defense Scientists and Engineers

    Presents an analysis of the pay competitiveness, and quality of employees recruited and retained, for civilian scientific and engineering positions in Department of Defense (DoD) laboratories.

    Jan 1, 2001

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Does Competitive Sourcing Pay Off? The DoD Experience

    In recent years, the Department of Defense (DoD) has placed increasing faith in private-sector business practices as tools to save money and make its operations more efficient and effective.

    Jan 1, 2000

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Can Civilianization Save on Costs?

    While conventional wisdom argues that civil service workers are cheaper than their military counterparts, little analysis has been done to determine whether this is really so.

    Jan 1, 1998

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Healing Sick Institutions

    The author distinguishes inefficient institutions from sick institutions.

    Jan 1, 1998

  • Report

    Report

    Incremental Costs of Military and Civilian Manpower in the Military Services

    Updates a series of reports by the Department of Defense (DoD) Comptroller's Office that contained cost estimates for military and civil service personnel, per man-year and by pay grade.

    Jan 1, 1988

  • Report

    Report

    The Effect of Depot Closures on Personnel Retention.

    An analysis of the effects on the Air Force Logistics Command civilian work force of the decision of the Department of Defense in November 1964 to close the Air Materiel Area (AMA) depots at Middletown (Pa.), Mobile (Ala.), and San Bernardino (Calif....

    Jan 1, 1967

  • People

    People

    Hannah Acheson-Field

    Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.S. in computational biology (computer science), Brown University; M.S. in policy analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School

  • People

    People

    Beth J. Asch

    Senior Economist
    Education Ph.D. and M.A. in economics, University of Chicago; B.A. in economics, University of California, Los Angeles

  • People

    People

    Avery Calkins

    Associate Economist
    Education Ph.D. in economics, University of Michigan; M.A. in economics, University of Michigan; B.S. in economics, Carnegie Mellon University

  • People

    People

    Diana Gehlhaus

    Adjunct Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D in policy analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School; M.A. in applied economics, Johns Hopkins University; B.A. in mathematics and economics, Bucknell University

  • People

    People

    Richard S. Girven

    Senior International/Defense Research Analyst
    Education M.A. in Asian Studies, University of Hawaii at Manoa; M.M.A.S. in strategic studies, U.S. Army Command And General Staff College; M.S. in national resource strategy, Industrial College of the Armed Forces; B.S. in business management, Park College

  • People

    People

    Grant Johnson

    Associate Economist
    Education Ph.D. in economics, UC San Diego; M.A. in economics, UC San Diego; B.A. in mathematics, Northwestern University; B.A. in economics, Northwestern University

  • People

    People

    Kirsten M. Keller

    Senior Behavioral Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in industrial/organizational psychology, University of Maryland; M.A. in industrial/organizational psychology, University of Maryland; B.A. in psychology, Franklin and Marshall College

  • People

    People

    Jennifer Lamping Lewis

    Senior Economist
    Education Ph.D. in economics, Columbia University; M.Phil. in economics, Columbia University; M.A. in economics, Columbia University; A.B. cum laude in economics, Princeton University

  • People

    People

    M. Wade Markel

    Acting Director, Forces and Logistics Program, RAND Arroyo Center; Senior Political Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in history, Harvard University; M.A. in history, Harvard University; B.S. in history, US Mil Academy at West Point