Community Resilience


Community resilience is a measure of the sustained ability of a community to utilize available resources to respond to, withstand, and recover from adverse situations. RAND has implemented and evaluated community resilience-building activities worldwide and identified opportunities to integrate the non-profit and for-profit sectors in public health and emergency preparedness, infrastructure protection, and the development of economic recovery programs.

  • SFC Eladio Tirado, who is from Puerto Rico, speaks with residents as he helps during recovery efforts following Hurricane Maria, in San Lorenzo, Puerto Rico, October 7, 2017


    How to Rebuild After This Year's Hurricane Season? Invest in Resilience

    Nov 6, 2017

    Investing in resilience in an informed and systematic way can help a wide range of high-risk communities be better prepared for any future disasters.

  • An attendee at a community meeting reads materials about aging in place in West Hollywood, California, May 9, 2015


    Improving Older Adults' Disaster Resilience

    Jan 23, 2018

    Most organizations that promote aging in place do not place a high priority on promoting disaster preparedness. And the resilience activities of public health departments are not focused on older adults. Tailoring existing activities to the needs of older adults could improve their disaster preparedness and resilience.

Explore Community Resilience

  • Tool

    Enhancing Public Health Emergency Preparedness for Special Needs Populations: A Toolkit for State and Local Planning and Response

    Presents a toolkit and a Web-based Geographic Information Systems tool meant to help state and local public health agencies improve their emergency preparedness activities for special needs populations.

    Sep 8, 2009

  • Report

    The Problem of Measuring Emergency Preparedness: How Reliable Should Our Response Systems Be?

    Decisionmakers today largely assess emergency preparedness and homeland security "in the rear view mirror," looking at performance in actual events and responding to perceived failures. While real-world experience is important, better ways to assess preparedness prospectively will lead to better choices as to how and where to strengthen it.

    Nov 14, 2008

  • Report

    Preparing for the Psychological Consequences Following Large-Scale Emergencies

    New training manuals provide a curricula that can be used to train hospital and clinic staff as well as department of mental health staff on how to prepare for and respond to the psychological consequences of large-scale disasters.

    Nov 30, 2007

  • Research Brief

    Private Insurers Play a Limited, but Key, Role in Underwriting Residential Flood Insurance

    This research brief summarizes a study that found that the private insurance industry underwrites residential flood insurance in a limited but important niche, protecting more homes, responding to lender and borrower needs, and reducing lender costs.

    Jun 18, 2007

  • Report

    The Lender-Placed Flood Insurance Market for Residential Properties

    The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) provides the majority of flood insurance on U.S. residential properties. This report provides information about the size of the private flood insurance market and compares private with NFIP policies.

    May 2, 2007

  • Report

    Lessons Learned from the Army's Response to Hurricane Katrina

    The U.S. Army should change the way it plans for domestic emergencies to better support state and local first responders.

    Apr 28, 2007

  • New Orleans police in Jackson Square


    Improving Recruitment and Retention in the New Orleans Police Department

    Giving junior officers pay raises they already have earned would provide the most immediate boost to the New Orleans Police Department in its effort to slow an exodus of officers that began after Hurricane Katrina hit the city.

    Feb 12, 2007

  • School bus stop sign


    Many Louisiana Students Displaced by Hurricanes May Suffer Academically

    The vast majority of the 200,000 Louisiana students displaced from their public schools by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita missed weeks or more of school, and most did not return to their original schools by the end of the 2005-06 school year. As a result, many may experience long-term academic problems.

    Nov 27, 2006

  • Report

    National Security and Compensation Policy for Terrorism Losses

    Terrorism insurance policy may be an important element of the strategy against terrorism, particularly as terrorists increasingly focus on economic targets.

    Jun 20, 2005

  • Periodical

    The Path of Greatest Resilience

    Given the continuing threat of terrorist activity in the United States, it is important for U.S. leaders to promote a national sense of psychological resilience.

    Aug 15, 2002

  • Report

    Linking Sustainable Community Activities to Pollution Prevention: A Sourcebook

    This report provides an introduction to sustainable community activities and ways in which supporters of pollution prevention can take advantage of such efforts.

    Jan 1, 1997

  • Content

    Joie D. Acosta

    Senior Behavioral/Social Scientist; Affiliated Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in community and cultural psychology, University of Hawai'i; M.A. in psychology, University of Hawai'i; B.A. in psychology, University of Richmond

  • Content

    Gulrez Shah Azhar

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.D. in community medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, India; M.P.H. in advanced epidemiology and biostatistics, Universities of Sheffield and Copenhagen and Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Santé Publique; M.B.B.S. in medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, India

  • Content

    Wing Yi Chan

    Behavioral and Social Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in community & prevention science, University of Illinois at Chicago; Ph.D. in psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago; B.S. in psychology & public health, University of Washington

  • Content

    Anita Chandra

    Director, RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment; Senior Policy Researcher; Affiliated Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Dr.P.H. in population and family health sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; M.P.H. in maternal and child health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health; B.A. in child development, Tufts University

  • Content

    Noreen Clancy

    Senior Policy Analyst
    Education M.S. in environmental science and policy, The Johns Hopkins University; B.A. in criminology and law, University of Florida

  • Content

    Scott G. Davis

    Visiting Fellow
    Education M.E.P. in environmental/urban planning, Arizona State University; B.S. in regional development, University of Arizona

  • Content

    Melissa L. Finucane

    Senior Social and Behavioral Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in psychology, University of Western Australia

  • Content

    Meghan Franco

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.S. in biological sciences, concentration in biology and society, Arizona State University

  • Content

    Bill Gelfeld

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in international relations, Johns Hopkins SAIS; M.A. in education, Stanford University; M.A. in history, University of Texas at San Antonio; B.A. in economics, political science, Duke University