Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)


COVID-19 is a respiratory illness caused by a novel coronavirus first identified in late 2019. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is disrupting nearly every facet of daily life and claiming lives across the globe.

As leaders grapple with how to respond, RAND experts seek to address and inform policy options and examine how different countries and communities are managing the crisis. Topics include health care capacity, telemedicine, social distancing, countering misinformation, economic effects, school closures, and online learning.

  • Tracey Pucci helps her son Foxton Harding, 12, with a school assignment for Northshore Middle School, which has moved to online only schooling for two weeks due to coronavirus concerns, at their home in Bothell, Washington, U.S. March 11, 2020, photo by Lindsey Wasson/Reuters


    The Rise of Virtual Schools

    Aug 30, 2021

    Since the pandemic began, America's school districts have been offering more remote instruction options. This includes a ninefold increase in the number of districts running standalone virtual schools.

  • A girl getting a COVID-19 vaccination, photo by valentinrussanov/Getty Images


    How to Boost COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance in the United States

    Sep 9, 2021

    Vaccine hesitancy is a major challenge to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Reaching herd immunity will require boosting confidence in the safety and effectiveness of the vaccines, combatting complacency about the pandemic, and increasing the convenience of getting vaccinated.

Explore Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

  • Transform Mental Health


    It Is Time to Transform U.S. Mental Health Care

    RAND health policy researcher Ryan McBain presents reasons why now is the right time to address problems in the U.S. mental health system.

    Mar 2, 2021

  • News Release

    News Release

    Black Americans Report High Levels of Vaccine Hesitancy, Including Among Health Care Workers

    Black Americans have a high level of vaccine hesitancy and mistrust of COVID-19 vaccines, including among Black health care workers. Those who expressed vaccine hesitancy also showed high levels of overall mistrust in the vaccine, concerns about potential harm and side effects, and lack of confidence in vaccine effectiveness and safety.

    Mar 1, 2021

  • People are seen at a 24-hour COVID-19 vaccination center at the Brooklyn Army Terminal in Brooklyn, New York, January 11, 2021, photo by Brendan McDermid/Reuters


    Vaccine Hesitancy Is High Among Black Americans, Including Health Care Workers

    Lower vaccination rates among Black Americans would further widen COVID-19 inequities in diagnosis, hospitalization, and mortality. But concerns about vaccine safety, mistrust of the government's transparency around COVID-19, and beliefs about racism in health care are contributing to mistrust of the vaccine.

    Mar 1, 2021

  • A senuir Hispanic man in a wheelchair with his adult daughter, photo by kali9/Getty Images


    Family Caregivers Are the Health Care Workers That Vaccination Plans Overlook

    About 53 million family members and friends provide care to loved ones in the United States, representing a critical element of the long-term care system. The pandemic has made family caregivers front-line workers. They can't be left out of important discussions around vaccination priorities and how to minimize the virus's risk to those with compromised health.

    Mar 1, 2021

  • Blog

    Teachers Quit Due to Stress, Peace in Yemen, America's Middle Class: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on how stress leads teachers to quit their jobs, U.S. strategy in the Middle East, America's shrinking middle class, and more.

    Feb 26, 2021

  • Healthcare Resource Allocation


    Allocating Scarce Resources During a Pandemic

    RAND senior behavioral/social scientist Lori Frank and senior policy researcher Thomas Concannon discuss their work in developing the Core Guidance Checklist for health care resource allocation decisionmaking during a pandemic.

    Feb 23, 2021

  • News Release

    News Release

    Stress Was Leading Reason Teachers Quit Before Pandemic, and COVID-19 Has Made Matters Worse

    Stress was the most common reason teachers cited for leaving the profession before and during the pandemic. Three of four former teachers said work was often or always stressful in the most recent year in which they taught in a public school.

    Feb 22, 2021

  • A Kindergarten teacher cleans and prepares her classroom, from where she will begin the new school year teaching virtually because of the COVID-19 pandemic, in Boston, Massachusetts, September 18, 2020, photo by Brian Snyder/Reuters


    Stress Topped the Reasons Why Teachers Quit, Even Before COVID-19

    Stress was the most common reason teachers cited for leaving the profession, both before and during the pandemic. Most former teachers went on to take jobs for less or equal pay, with many taking jobs with no health insurance or retirement benefits.

    Feb 22, 2021

  • Blog

    Reducing Hospital Prices, Vaccinating the Most Active, Myanmar: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on regulating hospital prices to cut spending, a COVID-19 vaccine strategy that prioritizes “active” people, what the Capitol attack means for security clearances, and more.

    Feb 19, 2021

  • Report


    Adapting Course Placement Processes in Response to COVID-19 Disruptions: Guidance for Schools and Districts

    Because of the pandemic, spring 2020 end-of-year assessments were canceled and schools began the 2020-2021 year without assessment data. The authors compare three strategies to estimate missing test scores and help with course placement decisions.

    Feb 16, 2021

  • Nurse practitioner Nicole Monk, 44, receives a coronavirus vaccination at the LA Mission homeless shelter on Skid Row, in Los Angeles, California, February 10, 2021, photo by Lucy Nicholson/Reuters


    Protecting the Most Vulnerable by Vaccinating the Most Active

    The debate between protecting vulnerable people and stopping the spread of the coronavirus might be a false choice. Evidence suggests that vaccinating people with many contacts may provide more protection for the vulnerable than vaccinating vulnerable people directly.

    Feb 15, 2021

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Characteristics of US Adults Delaying Dental Care Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has disrupted the delivery of health care services, including dental care. The objective of this study was to quantify and describe US adults who delayed dental care due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Feb 12, 2021

  • Blog

    Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, COVID-19 Variants, Myanmar: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on alternatives in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, sexual assault and sexual harassment in the military, how couples can sleep better during the pandemic, and more.

    Feb 12, 2021

  • U.S. Department of Homeland Security seal on the podium during the groundbreaking ceremony for the new Ajo Border Patrol Station in Why, Arizona, August 19, 2010, photo by Lee Roberts/USACE


    The Essential Role of DHS in the Economic Recovery from COVID-19

    The name Department of Homeland Security belies an important set of roles, missions, and functions of the department related to the economic security of the United States. Wielding these powers to their full extent during the COVID-19 pandemic could set the conditions for a more rapid recovery.

    Feb 11, 2021

  • A child places his COVID-19 testing swab in a vial at South Boston Catholic Academy in Boston, Massachusetts, January 28, 2021, photo by Allison Dinner/Reuters


    Lost Learning and the Costs of COVID-19

    President Biden's plan calls for $130 billion to help schools safely reopen and identifies summer school or other supports to help students compensate for lost learning time as permissible uses of this funding. Recent RAND research can shed light on how Congress might consider divvying up these funds to support students over the next year.

    Feb 10, 2021

  • Woman sleeping alone in large bed, photo by DedMityay/Getty Images


    The COVID-19 Bed-Spread

    Sleep science has traditionally viewed sleep as an individual phenomenon. But how well (or poorly) we sleep is clearly tied to the quality of our closest relationships. COVID-19 has further highlighted the critical importance of both healthy sleep and healthy relationships.

    Feb 9, 2021

  • A woman receives a box of donated food items during the COVID-19 pandemic in her car, photo by SDI Productions/Getty Images


    Striking Rates of Food Insecurity in Two Pittsburgh Neighborhoods

    The number of Americans experiencing food insecurity has increased since the pandemic began. And rates are higher among African Americans, Hispanics, American Indians, and Alaska Natives. Proactive and aggressive policy actions could help reduce the inequities in places like Pittsburgh's Hill District and Homewood neighborhoods.

    Feb 9, 2021

  • A worker stands next to the shipment of 600,000 doses COVID-19 vaccines donated by China at the Phnom Penh International Airport, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, February 7, 2021, photo by Cindy Liu/Reuters


    Equal, Rapid Access to Vaccines Is More Important Than Ever as New COVID-19 Variants Emerge

    Vaccine nationalism could prolong the pandemic and lead to preventable deaths. If some countries don't receive timely access to vaccines, then the virus will continue to spread in some populations, mutate further, and potentially render existing vaccines less effective.

    Feb 9, 2021

  • Blog

    Unemployment Insurance, Domestic Extremists, Housing Insecurity: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on what the pandemic has revealed about America's unemployment system, why stopping domestic extremism will be difficult, how housing insecurity may affect sleep, and more.

    Feb 5, 2021

  • COVID-19 and Mental Health


    COVID-19 and Mental Health

    Senior behavioral/social scientist Joshua Breslau explains how findings from a RAND study of mental health before and during the COVID-19 pandemic can help in determining who in the population is most likely to experience significant psychological distress during future disasters.

    Feb 4, 2021