Corrections

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Over two million adults are incarcerated in U.S. prisons, and each year more than 700,000 are released and return to communities. Within three years, 40 percent will be reincarcerated. RAND research has shown that correctional education programs improve inmates' future job prospects, reduce recidivism, and save taxpayer dollars. RAND also explores the juvenile justice system and innovations that can help corrections agencies respond more effectively in their role to protect the public.

  • Prisoners gather around a computer following a graduation ceremony from a computer coding program at San Quentin State Prison in San Quentin, California April 20, 2015

    Report

    Higher Education Programs in Prison Reduce Recidivism

    Aug 28, 2019

    Evidence shows that correctional education programs are effective—and cost-effective—at improving employment outcomes for participants and at helping to keep them from returning to prison. But given limited budgets, how can the long-term funding of these programs be sustained?

  • A woman taking a call in prison, photo by Thinkstock Images/Getty Images

    Report

    Many Detainees with Mental Illness Could Be Safely Diverted to Community Care

    Jan 7, 2020

    In June 2019, more than 5,500 people in Los Angeles County jails were in mental health housing units and/or were taking psychotropic medications. Based on legal and clinical factors, 61 percent of these individuals were likely eligible for release into community-based treatment.

Explore Corrections

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: Vol. 35, No. 3, Winter 2011-2012

    Stories discuss world demographic trends, Afghan peace prospects, U.S. health care spending, California prisoner reentry, Latin American inequalities, global health, veterans' mental health, highway investments, teacher bonuses, and charter schools.

    Jan 13, 2012

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Evaluation of the Social Impact Bond: Lessons from planning and early implementation at HMP Peterborough

    RAND Europe has evaluated the world's first Social Impact Bond (SIB), an innovative payment-by-results mechanism to fund public services which aims to reduce reoffending by prisoners. This report presents the initial findings of the evaluation.

    Dec 14, 2011

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    What Are the Public Health Implications of Prisoner Reentry in California?

    Examines the health care needs of released California prisoners, communities most affected by reentry, safety net capacity, and provider experiences with ex-prisoners, given California's Public Safety Realignment Plan and federal health care reform.

    Dec 7, 2011

  • News Release

    News Release

    California Faces Challenges Meeting Health Needs of Offenders Released from Prison

    With the health care safety net in California under stress from the state's continuing financial crisis, jurisdictions across the state face unprecedented challenges caring for the health and social service needs of people released from state prisons.

    Nov 16, 2011

  • former prisoner leaving jail

    Report

    California Faces Challenges Meeting Health Needs of Offenders Released from Prison

    With the health care safety net in California under stress from the state's continuing financial crisis, jurisdictions across the state face unprecedented challenges caring for the health and social service needs of people released from state prisons.

    Nov 15, 2011

  • Hands holding seedling in a group

    Report

    Investing in Social Outcomes to Fund Public Services

    At a time when government finances are stretched there is growing interest in finding new ways to fund public services. In 2010 the first ever Social Impact Bond was launched in the UK to provide investors who had funded government interventions for imprisoned offenders with a portion of the resultant savings.

    Nov 4, 2011

  • A statue of Themis holding the scales of justice

    Content

    RAND Institute for Civil Justice

    The RAND Institute for Civil Justice (ICJ), a part of the Justice Policy program, conducts research on all aspects of civil justice, from trends in litigation and jury verdicts to punitive damages, compensation systems, and alternative dispute resolution. Directly or indirectly, civil justice issues have an impact on us all.

    Oct 3, 2011

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    California's Prisoner Shuffle

    The state needs to deal with prison overcrowding and inadequate medical care for prisoners in ways that don't simply transfer the burden to county criminal justice systems and the healthcare safety nets of local communities, writes Lois Davis.

    Aug 19, 2011

  • eu flag and gavel

    Report

    Development of a European Crime Report: Improving safety and justice with existing crime and criminal justice data

    The European Commission seeks to develop a European Crime Report (ECR) to improve understanding of the EU crime and justice situation. RAND Europe researched the analytical and operational challenges and opportunities to developing an ECR.

    Aug 2, 2011

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Prison as Indoctrination Center

    The Taliban view incarceration foremost as a means to attract new recruits and enhance the jihadist resolve and ideological purity of their own members, writes Arturo Munoz.

    Apr 26, 2011

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Selecting Performance Indicators for Prison Health Care

    Prison health institutions, like all other large health institutions, need robust measurement systems. The indicators presented in this article provide a basic library for prison health managers developing such systems.

    Mar 31, 2011

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    The Current State of Quality of Care Measurement in the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation

    California's prisons, which are operating under receivership for medical care, need help in improving the quality of health care they provide.

    Mar 31, 2011

  • shooting gun art

    Report

    Reducing Gun Violence

    An initiative that successfully reduced gun violence in Boston was adapted for a section of East Los Angeles with prevalent gang activity. Though not implemented as planned, the intervention helped reduce violent and gang crime in the targeted districts, both during and immediately after implementation.

    Dec 22, 2010

  • Report

    Report

    Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act: Fiscal Year 2008-2009 Report

    The Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act funds programs that have been proven effective in curbing crime among juvenile probationers and young at-risk offenders. This report summarizes, for fiscal year 2008–2009, Corrections Standards Authority-mandated outcome measures from each of the programs, as well as county-determined supplemental outcomes.

    Sep 21, 2010

  • Entrance to HM Prison Manchester (Strangeways)

    Brochure

    Reform or Radicalisation?

    Is prison a training ground for extremists? RAND Europe explores radicalisation and recruitment in European prisons.

    Mar 11, 2010

  • Men, Male, sullen, Teenager, Rudeness, People, unfriendly, isolated, unsociable, reserved, Loneliness, Separation, Young Adult, Adolescence, grey, One Person, Male Beauty, Portrait, Rough, Behavior, Expressing Negativity, Sulking, Youth Culture, Strength, Young Men, Vertical, Teenage Boys, Teenagers Only, One Teenage Boy Only, Isolated On grey, sitting, chair

    Report

    Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act: Fiscal Year 2007-2008 Report

    The Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act funds programs that have been proven effective in curbing crime among juvenile probationers and young at-risk offenders. This report summarizes outcome measures from each of the programs for fiscal year 2007-2008.

    Dec 31, 2009

  • News Release

    News Release

    Record on Research About Criminal Behavior Corrected

    News materials distributed by the several law enforcement groups in California about the state's proposed budget have incorrectly cited RAND Corporation criminal justice research.

    Jul 24, 2009

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Can Gitmo's Terrorists Be Rehabilitated?

    Before he closes Guantánamo, Obama must take a clear-eyed look at the record — and anticipate the next chapter of the fight against terrorism. What happens to terrorist suspects after they leave the detention center at Guantánamo Bay, asks Aidan Kirby Winn.

    Jun 29, 2009

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Assessing Parolees' Health Care Needs and Potential Access to Health Care Services in California

    California parolees' health care, mental health care, and drug- and alcohol-treatment needs, as well as where parolees go when they return to counties, place significant demands on counties' safety-net resources and on their ability meet those needs.

    Jun 17, 2009

  • News Release

    News Release

    California Parolees Have a High Need for Health Services, but Accessing Services Is a Challenge

    Inmates released from California prisons have a high need for drug treatment, health care and mental health services, but they face barriers to accessing such aid because many return to communities where health care services are severely strained.

    Jun 11, 2009