Cyber Warfare

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Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation's computers or information networks through, for example, computer viruses or denial-of-service attacks. RAND research provides recommendations to military and civilian decisionmakers on methods of defending against the damaging effects of cyber warfare on a nation's digital infrastructure.

  • U.S. President Joe Biden speaks about the Colonial Pipeline shutdown at the White House in Washington, D.C., May 13, 2021, photo by Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

    Commentary

    How to Deter Ransomware Attacks

    Aug 9, 2021

    To rein in ransomware attacks, the United States needs to upend the risk-reward ratio for hackers and for the countries that harbor or support them. Such a strategy would make networks harder to breach, hit back harder against hackers, and claw back gains from those who succeed.

  • Capt. Sarah Miller and Tech. Sgt. Carrol Brewster discuss options in response to a staged cyber attack during filming of a scene for an AFRC mission video at Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas, June 1, 2019, photo by Maj. Christopher Vasquez/U.S. Air Force

    Report

    Combating Foreign Disinformation on Social Media

    Jul 19, 2021

    Disinformation campaigns on social media pose a nuanced threat. But much of the U.S. response remains ad hoc and uncoordinated. It's unclear who has the edge moving forward, because disinformation techniques and countermeasures are evolving simultaneously.

Explore Cyber Warfare

  • People

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    Brien Alkire

    Senior Researcher; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California, Los Angeles

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    Alexi Drew

    Senior Analyst
    Education Ph.D. in politics and international relations, Royal Holloway, University of London

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    David R. Frelinger

    Senior Policy Researcher
    Education M.A. in political science, University of California, Los Angeles; B.A. in political science, University of California, San Diego

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    Jon Fujiwara

    Technical Analyst, IV
    Education B.S. in chemistry, US Naval Academy

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    Henry Hargrove

    Technical Analyst
    Education Bachelor of Science in applied physics, Carnegie Mellon University; Master of Engineering Management in statistical process control, Old Dominion University

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    Scott W. Harold

    Senior Political Scientist
    Education Ph.D., M.A. in political science, Columbia University; B.A. in international relations, Michigan State University

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    Anna Knack

    Analyst
    Education M.A. in conflict studies and human rights, University of Utrecht; B.A. in politics and social policy, University of York

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    Mary Lee

    Mathematician
    Education Ph.D. in mathematics, University of California, Irvine

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    Bruce McClintock

    Lead, Space Enterprise Initiative; Senior Policy Researcher
    Education M.S. in aeronautical engineering, University of Florida; M.S. in airpower art and science, School of Advanced Airpower Studies; B.S. in astronautical engineering, United States Air Force Academy

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    Shawn McKay

    Senior Engineer; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in mechanical engineering, Purdue University; B.S. in mechanical engineering, Arizona State University

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    Ian Mitch

    Senior Policy Analyst
    Education M.A. in security studies, Georgetown University; B.A. in political science, Wake Forest University

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    Caolionn O'Connell

    Senior Physical Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in physics, Stanford University; B.A. in physics, Harvard University

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    Christopher Paul

    Senior Social Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D., M.A., and B.A. in sociology, University of California, Los Angeles

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    Lindsey Polley

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Certificate in counter terrorism theory, University of Leiden; M.P.A. in public administration, California State University, San Bernardino; B.A. in Chicana/Chicano studies, University of California at Davis

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    Hilary Reininger

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.S. in conflict analysis and resolution, George Mason University; B.A. in Middle East studies and Arabic, Brigham Young University

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    James Ryseff

    Technical Analyst
    Education M.S. in security studies, Georgetown University; B.S. in computer science, University of Illinois

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    Chandler Sachs

    Research Assistant
    Education B.S. in interdisciplinary studies, Cornell University

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    Keller Scholl

    Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.A. in philosophy, politics, and economics, University of Oxford

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    Karen Schwindt

    Policy Analyst
    Education M.A. in international affairs, George Washington University; B.A. in political science, University of Oregon; B.A. in history, University of Oregon

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    Erik Silfversten

    Research Leader and Co-Director, RAND Europe Centre for Futures and Foresight Studies (CFFS)
    Education M.Sci. in international relations and global issues, University of Nottingham