Cyber Warfare

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Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation's computers or information networks through, for example, computer viruses or denial-of-service attacks. RAND research provides recommendations to military and civilian decisionmakers on methods of defending against the damaging effects of cyber warfare on a nation's digital infrastructure.

  • Illustration of a network, security information, and AI technology, image by  issaronow/Adobe Stock

    Report

    'Hostile Social Manipulation' Is a Growing Threat to the United States

    Sep 4, 2019

    Hostile social manipulation includes social media campaigns, sophisticated forgeries, and spreading rumors and conspiracy theories. As these techniques are used by Russia and China, Washington should invest more resources to understand and counter them.

  • Accountability in Cyberspace: The Problem of Attribution

    Multimedia

    How to Achieve Accountability in Cyberspace

    Jan 13, 2019

    Identifying the responsible party behind malicious cyber incidents is necessary for holding bad actors accountable. But there are many challenges that accompany cyber attribution. Creating an independent, global organization that investigates and publicly assigns blame for major hacks could help.

Explore Cyber Warfare

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    Caolionn O'Connell

    Associate Director, Forces and Logistics Program, RAND Arroyo Center; Senior Physical Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in physics, Stanford University; B.A. in physics, Harvard University

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    Christopher Paul

    Senior Social Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D., M.A., and B.A. in sociology, University of California, Los Angeles

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    Lindsey Polley

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Certificate in counter terrorism theory, University of Leiden; M.P.A. in public administration, California State University, San Bernardino; B.A. in Chicana/Chicano studies, University of California at Davis

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    Hilary Reininger

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.S. in conflict analysis and resolution, George Mason University; B.A. in Middle East studies and Arabic, Brigham Young University

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    James Ryseff

    Technical Analyst
    Education M.S. in security studies, Georgetown University; B.S. in computer science, University of Illinois

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    Chandler Sachs

    Research Assistant
    Education B.S. in interdisciplinary studies, Cornell University

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    Keller Scholl

    Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.A. in philosophy, politics, and economics, University of Oxford

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    Karen Schwindt

    Policy Analyst
    Education M.A. in international affairs, George Washington University; B.A. in political science, University of Oregon; B.A. in history, University of Oregon

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    Erik Silfversten

    Senior Analyst
    Education M.Sci. in international relations and global issues, University of Nottingham

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    Don Snyder

    Senior Physical Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in geology, University of California, Berkeley; B.A. in geology, Franklin and Marshall College; B.A. in mathematics, Franklin and Marshall College

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    Sarah Soliman

    Technical Analyst
    Education M.Phil. in technology policy, University of Cambridge; B.S. in computer engineering, West Virginia University; B.S. in biometric systems, West Virginia University

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    Danielle C. Tarraf

    Senior Information Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in mechanical engineering (control theory), MIT; S.M. in mechanical engineering, MIT; B.E. in mechanical engineering, American University of Beirut

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    Bonnie L. Triezenberg

    Senior Engineer
    Education Ph.D. in policy analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School; M.S. in systems science, University of California-Los Angeles; B.S. in aerospace engineering, University of Michigan