Cyber Warfare

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Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation's computers or information networks through, for example, computer viruses or denial-of-service attacks. RAND research provides recommendations to military and civilian decisionmakers on methods of defending against the damaging effects of cyber warfare on a nation's digital infrastructure.

  • Concept of artificial intelligence winning at chess, photo by JohnDWilliams/Getty Images

    Report

    The Emerging Risk of Virtual Societal Warfare

    Oct 9, 2019

    Living in an information society opens unprecedented opportunities for hostile rivals to cause disruption, delay, inefficiency, and harm. Social manipulation techniques are evolving beyond disinformation and cyberattacks on infrastructure sites. How can democracies protect themselves?

  • Examples of Facebook pages displayed during a House Intelligence Committee meeting on Russian use of social media to influence U.S. elections in Washington, D.C., November 1, 2017, photo by Aaron P. Bernstein/Reuters

    Commentary

    How You Can Fight Russia's Plans to Troll Americans During Campaign 2020

    Jul 14, 2020

    The goal of Russian interference is to trigger emotional reactions and drive people to ideological extremes, making it nearly impossible to build a consensus. But Americans are less likely to have their emotions manipulated if they are aware that manipulation is the goal.

Explore Cyber Warfare

  • Content

    Christopher Paul

    Senior Social Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D., M.A., and B.A. in sociology, University of California, Los Angeles

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    Lindsey Polley

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Certificate in counter terrorism theory, University of Leiden; M.P.A. in public administration, California State University, San Bernardino; B.A. in Chicana/Chicano studies, University of California at Davis

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    Hilary Reininger

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.S. in conflict analysis and resolution, George Mason University; B.A. in Middle East studies and Arabic, Brigham Young University

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    James Ryseff

    Technical Analyst
    Education M.S. in security studies, Georgetown University; B.S. in computer science, University of Illinois

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    Chandler Sachs

    Research Assistant
    Education B.S. in interdisciplinary studies, Cornell University

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    Keller Scholl

    Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.A. in philosophy, politics, and economics, University of Oxford

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    Erik Silfversten

    Senior Analyst
    Education M.Sci. in international relations and global issues, University of Nottingham

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    Don Snyder

    Senior Physical Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in geology, University of California, Berkeley; B.A. in geology, Franklin and Marshall College; B.A. in mathematics, Franklin and Marshall College

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    Sarah Soliman

    Technical Analyst
    Education M.Phil. in technology policy, University of Cambridge; B.S. in computer engineering, West Virginia University; B.S. in biometric systems, West Virginia University

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    Danielle C. Tarraf

    Senior Information Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in mechanical engineering (control theory), MIT; S.M. in mechanical engineering, MIT; B.E. in mechanical engineering, American University of Beirut

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    Bonnie L. Triezenberg

    Senior Engineer
    Education Ph.D. in policy analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School; M.S. in systems science, University of California-Los Angeles; B.S. in aerospace engineering, University of Michigan