Cyber Warfare


Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation's computers or information networks through, for example, computer viruses or denial-of-service attacks. RAND research provides recommendations to military and civilian decisionmakers on methods of defending against the damaging effects of cyber warfare on a nation's digital infrastructure.

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    Why It's So Hard to Stop a Cyberattack — and Even Harder to Fight Back

    Mar 30, 2017

    Cyber weapons attack the underlying network or computer systems. The possibility of unexpected effects in the cyber world is therefore greater than in conventional warfare. Not knowing if the effects were intentional complicates the response.

  • Composite image of binary code on a sunset over water by Eileen Delson La Russo/RAND, adapted from images by Agil_Leonardo, Matejmo, and Byakkaya/Getty Images


    The Life and Times of Zero-Day Software Vulnerabilities

    Mar 9, 2017

    Zero-day software vulnerabilities—security holes that developers haven't fixed or aren't aware of—can lurk undetected for years. They are useful in cyber operations and in defensive and academic settings. Whether to disclose or stockpile them is an ongoing debate.

Explore Cyber Warfare

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    Quentin Hodgson

    Senior International / Defense Researcher
    Education BA in History and Russian Language, The Johns Hopkins University; MA in international relations, The Johns Hopkins University - School of Advanced International Studies; MSc in national resource management, Industrial College of the Armed Forces

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    Pavan Katkar

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in science and security, King's College London; B.E. in information science, National Institute of Engineering, Mysore

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    Mary Lee

    Education PhD in mathematics, University of California, Irvine

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    Martin C. Libicki

    Adjunct Management Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in economics, University of California, Berkeley; M.A. in city and regional planning, University of California, Berkeley; S.B. in mathematics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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    Bilyana Lilly

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.Sc. in Russian and East European studies, University of Oxford; M.A. in international affairs, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) Switzerland; B.A. in international politics and history, Jacobs University, Germany

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    Andrew J. Lohn

    Associate Engineer
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California Santa Cruz; B.Eng. in engineering physics, McMaster University

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    David Manheim

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.S. in mathematics, Lander College for Men

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    King Mallory

    Senior Researcher
    Education BA in Russian Language & Literature, Middlebury College

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    Lauren A. Mayer

    Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. in engineering and public policy, Carnegie Mellon University; M.Sc. in environmental sciences and engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; B.Sc. in mathematics; environmental policy, American University

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    Bruce H. McClintock

    Adjunct Policy Analyst
    Education M.S. in aeronautical engineering, University of Florida; M.S. in airpower art and science, School of Advanced Airpower Studies; B.S. in astronautical engineering, United States Air Force Academy

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    Igor Mikolic-Torreira

    Senior Fellow
    Education Ph.D. in mathematics, California Institute of Technology; B.A. in mathematics, Sacred Heart University

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    Caolionn O'Connell

    Senior Physical Scientist
    Education B.A. in physics, Harvard University; Ph.D. in physics, Stanford University

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    Cordaye Ogletree

    Policy Analyst
    Education M.S. in public policy and management, Carnegie Mellon University

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    Isaac R. Porche III

    Director, Acquisition and Development Program, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center; Senior Engineer
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering and computer science, University of Michigan; M.S. in electrical engineering and computer science, University of California, Berkeley; B.S. in electrical engineering, Southern University

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    Nathan Ryan

    Associate Analyst
    Education M.A. in advanced national security policy, Australian National University; B.A.S. in arts and sciences, University of Sydney

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    Lara Schmidt

    Director, Strategy, Policy, and Operations Program, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center (HSOAC); Senior Statistician
    Education Ph.D. in statistics, American University; M.S. in mathematics, West Virginia University; B.S. in mathematics, Shepherd College

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    Erik Silfversten

    Education M.Sci. in international relations and global issues, University of Nottingham

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    Sarah Soliman

    Technical Analyst
    Education M.Phil. in technology policy, University of Cambridge; B.S. in computer engineering, West Virginia University; B.S. in biometric systems, West Virginia University

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    Danielle C. Tarraf

    Information Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in mechanical engineering (control theory), MIT; S.M. in mechanical engineering, MIT; B.E. in mechanical engineering, American University of Beirut

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    Bonnie Triezenberg

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.S. in systems science, University of California-Los Angeles; B.S. in aerospace engineering, University of Michigan