Cyber Warfare

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Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation's computers or information networks through, for example, computer viruses or denial-of-service attacks. RAND research provides recommendations to military and civilian decisionmakers on methods of defending against the damaging effects of cyber warfare on a nation's digital infrastructure.

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    Commentary

    Why It's So Hard to Stop a Cyberattack — and Even Harder to Fight Back

    Mar 30, 2017

    Cyber weapons attack the underlying network or computer systems. The possibility of unexpected effects in the cyber world is therefore greater than in conventional warfare. Not knowing if the effects were intentional complicates the response.

  • Composite image of binary code on a sunset over water by Eileen Delson La Russo/RAND, adapted from images by Agil_Leonardo, Matejmo, and Byakkaya/Getty Images

    Report

    The Life and Times of Zero-Day Software Vulnerabilities

    Mar 9, 2017

    Zero-day software vulnerabilities—security holes that developers haven't fixed or aren't aware of—can lurk undetected for years. They are useful in cyber operations and in defensive and academic settings. Whether to disclose or stockpile them is an ongoing debate.

Explore Cyber Warfare

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    Paul Dreyer

    Senior Mathematician; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in mathematics, Rutgers University; B.S. in mathematics and history, Duke University

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    Lillian Ablon

    Information Scientist
    Education M.S. in mathematics, Johns Hopkins University; B.A. in mathematics, University of California, Berkeley

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    Brien Alkire

    Senior Researcher; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California, Los Angeles

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    Pavan Katkar

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in science and security, King's College London; B.E. in information science, National Institute of Engineering, Mysore

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    Mary Lee

    Mathematician
    Education PhD in mathematics, University of California, Irvine

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    Bilyana Lilly

    Assistant Policy Researcher, Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.Sc. in Russian and East European studies, University of Oxford; M.A. in international affairs, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) Switzerland; B.A. in international politics and history, Jacobs University, Germany

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    Andrew J. Lohn

    Associate Engineer
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California Santa Cruz; B.Eng. in engineering physics, McMaster University

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    C K Mallory

    Senior International Defense Researcher
    Education BA in Russian Language & Literature, Middlebury College

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    David Manheim

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.S. in mathematics, Lander College for Men

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    Lauren A. Mayer

    Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. in engineering and public policy, Carnegie Mellon University; M.Sc. in environmental sciences and engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; B.Sc. in mathematics; environmental policy, American University

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    Bruce McClintock

    Adjunct Policy Analyst
    Education M.S. in aeronautical engineering, University of Florida; M.S. in airpower art and science, School of Advanced Airpower Studies; B.S. in astronautical engineering, United States Air Force Academy

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    Arya Meranto

    Research Assistant
    Education M.Sc. in international relations research, London School of Economics and Political Science; M.A. in European political studies, College of Europe; B.A. in politics and international relations, Royal Holloway, University of London

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    Igor Mikolic-Torreira

    Senior Fellow
    Education Ph.D. in mathematics, California Institute of Technology; B.A. in mathematics, Sacred Heart University

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    Caolionn O'Connell

    Senior Physical Scientist; Affiliate Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in physics, Stanford University; B.A. in physics, Harvard University

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    Cordaye Ogletree

    Policy Analyst
    Education M.S. in public policy and management, Carnegie Mellon University

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    Lindsey Polley

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Certificate in counter terrorism theory, University of Leiden; M.P.A. in public administration, California State University, San Bernardino; B.A. in Chicana/Chicano studies, University of California at Davis

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    Isaac R. Porche III

    Director, Acquisition and Development Program, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center; Senior Engineer
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering and computer science, University of Michigan; M.S. in electrical engineering and computer science, University of California, Berkeley; B.S. in electrical engineering, Southern University

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    Nathan Ryan

    Associate Analyst
    Education M.A. in advanced national security policy, Australian National University; B.A.S. in arts and sciences, University of Sydney

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    Lara Schmidt

    Director, Strategy, Policy, and Operations Program, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center (HSOAC); Senior Statistician
    Education Ph.D. in statistics, American University; M.S. in mathematics, West Virginia University; B.S. in mathematics, Shepherd College

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    Erik Silfversten

    Analyst
    Education M.Sci. in international relations and global issues, University of Nottingham