Cyber Warfare

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Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation's computers or information networks through, for example, computer viruses or denial-of-service attacks. RAND research provides recommendations to military and civilian decisionmakers on methods of defending against the damaging effects of cyber warfare on a nation's digital infrastructure.

  • Accountability in Cyberspace: The Problem of Attribution

    Multimedia

    How to Achieve Accountability in Cyberspace

    Jan 13, 2019

    Identifying the responsible party behind malicious cyber incidents is necessary for holding bad actors accountable. But there are many challenges that accompany cyber attribution. Creating an independent, global organization that investigates and publicly assigns blame for major hacks could help.

  • Cyber grenade

    Commentary

    Getting Ready to Fight the Next (Cyber) War

    Mar 3, 2018

    Nation-states and their proxies are regularly spying and attacking in cyberspace across national borders. Western societies that are being targeted should do three things: Be less vulnerable, be able to recognize and mitigate the impact of attacks faster, and be prepared to respond in kind to all levels of offense.

Explore Cyber Warfare

  • Report

    The Advent Of Netwar

    This report examines how netwar, due to the evolution of societies according to a framework presented by the authors, may be the dominant mode of societal conflict in the 21st century.

    Jan 1, 1996

  • Report

    Security in Cyberspace: Challenges for Society: Proceedings of an International Conference

    Topics covered include the magnitude of the cyberspace security threat and the threat's consequences; impediments to improved security in cyberspace and what must be done to remove them; ...

    Dec 31, 1995

  • Report

    Security in Cyberspace: An Emerging Challenge for Society

    This paper attempts to structure the discussion the potential threats from bad actors in cyberspace.

    Dec 31, 1993

  • Content

    Damien Baveye

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.S. in political science, United States Naval Academy

  • Content

    Sina Beaghley

    Senior International/Defense Policy Researcher
    Education M.A. in international affairs/international security, George Washington University; B.A. in political science/media communications, University of San Diego

  • Content

    Elizabeth Bodine-Baron

    Engineer; Associate Director, Force Modernization and Employment Program, Project Air Force; Co-Director, RAND Center for Applied Network Analysis and System Science
    Education Ph.D., M.S. in electrical engineering, California Institute of Technology; B.S. in electrical engineering, University of Texas at Austin; B.A. in liberal arts, University of Texas at Austin

  • Content

    Benjamin Boudreaux

    Senior Policy Analyst; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in philosophy, University of California at Berkeley; M.S. in foreign service, Georgetown University; B.A. in economics and philosophy, New York University

  • Content

    Hannah Jane Byrne

    Defense Analyst
    Education M.A. in security studies, Georgetown University; B.A. in political science, Johns Hopkins University

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    Joe Cheravitch

    Defense Analyst
    Education M.S. in foreign service, Georgetown University; B.A. in international studies, Bowling Green University; B.A. in Russian, Bowling Green University

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    Lillian Ablon

    Adjunct Information Scientist
    Education M.S. in mathematics, Johns Hopkins University; B.A. in mathematics, University of California, Berkeley

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    Jair Aguirre

    Senior Technical Analyst; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.S. in applied economics, Johns Hopkins University; B.S. in liberal studies, Excelsior College; A.A. in modern standard Arabic, Defense Language Institute; A.S. in communications applications technology, Community College of the Air Force

  • Content

    Brien Alkire

    Senior Researcher; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California, Los Angeles

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    John S. Davis, II

    Senior Information Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School; Co-Director, Center for Scalable Computing and Analysis
    Education B.S. in electrical engineering, Howard University; Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California, Berkeley

  • Content

    Cynthia Dion-Schwarz

    Senior Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in physics, University of Maryland; B.S. in physics, George Mason University

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    Paul Dreyer

    Senior Mathematician; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in mathematics, Rutgers University; B.S. in mathematics and history, Duke University

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    Richard Flint

    Analyst
    Education M.Sci. in physics, Imperial College London; M.A. in terrorism, security and society, Kings College London

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    David R. Frelinger

    Senior Policy Researcher; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in political science, University of California, Los Angeles; B.A. in political science, University of California, San Diego

  • Content

    Jon Fujiwara

    Technical Analyst, IV
    Education B.S. in chemistry, US Naval Academy

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    Pavan Katkar

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in science and security, King's College London; B.E. in information science, National Institute of Engineering, India

  • Content

    Omair Khan

    Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.P.P., University of Michigan; B.S. in economics, Georgia State University