Cyber Warfare

Featured

Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation's computers or information networks through, for example, computer viruses or denial-of-service attacks. RAND research provides recommendations to military and civilian decisionmakers on methods of defending against the damaging effects of cyber warfare on a nation's digital infrastructure.

  • Illustration of a network, security information, and AI technology, image by  issaronow/Adobe Stock

    Report

    'Hostile Social Manipulation' Is a Growing Threat to the United States

    Sep 4, 2019

    Hostile social manipulation includes social media campaigns, sophisticated forgeries, and spreading rumors and conspiracy theories. As these techniques are used by Russia and China, Washington should invest more resources to understand and counter them.

  • Accountability in Cyberspace: The Problem of Attribution

    Multimedia

    How to Achieve Accountability in Cyberspace

    Jan 14, 2019

    Identifying the responsible party behind malicious cyber incidents is necessary for holding bad actors accountable. But there are many challenges that accompany cyber attribution. Creating an independent, global organization that investigates and publicly assigns blame for major hacks could help.

Explore Cyber Warfare

  • Journal Article

    Security, at What Cost?

    Much of the current debate concerning civil liberties and security is adversarial, and little robust research data informs these arguments.This paper outlines the results of a study that attempts to objectively understand the real privacy, liberty and security trade-offs made by individuals, so that policymakers can be better informed about the preferences of individuals with regard to these important issues.

    Jan 1, 2010

  • News Release

    U.S. Must Focus on Protecting Critical Computer Networks from Cyber Attack

    Because it will be difficult to prevent cyber attacks on critical civilian and military computer networks by threatening to punish attackers, the United States must focus its efforts on defending these networks from cyber attack.

    Oct 8, 2009

  • computer programming code

    Report

    Cyberdeterrence and Cyberwar

    Because it will be difficult to prevent cyber attacks on critical civilian and military computer networks by threatening to punish attackers, the United States must focus its efforts on defending these networks from cyber attack.

    Sep 10, 2009

  • Computer password screen

    Commentary

    The Cracks in Data Privacy

    In the future, the EU will inevitably have to adjust its system of rules to cope with the evolving uses of personal data, globalization and international data flows, write Neil Robinson and Lorenzo Valeri.

    May 19, 2009

  • News Release

    Computer-Based Crime to Be Focus of Silicon Valley Forum

    Security experts from the technology industry, law enforcement and academia will outline what is needed to better measure and understand the effect of computer-based crime in the United States during a public forum Sept. 25 in Silicon Valley.

    Sep 13, 2007

  • Commercial Book

    Conquest in Cyberspace: National Security and Information Warfare

    Explores the potential for and limitations to information warfare, including its use in weapons systems and in command-and-control operations as well as in the generation of ''noise'' and how far ''friendly conquest'' in cyberspace extends.

    May 12, 2007

  • News Release

    RAND Launches National Computer Security Survey for Departments of Justice and Homeland Security

    On behalf of the U.S. Departments of Justice and Homeland Security, the RAND Corporation is fielding the first national survey to measure the impact of cybercrime on American businesses.

    May 2, 2006

  • Journal Article

    Canada Aims to Close the USA's Electron Backdoor

    The threat of crossborder cyberattacks into the USA is focusing attention on the electronic security of its northern neighbour.

    Jan 1, 2002

  • Cyber terrorist

    Report

    Networks and Netwars

    The concepts of cyberwar and netwar encompass a new spectrum of conflict emerging in the wake of the information revolution. To confront this type of conflict, it is crucial for governments, military, and law enforcement to begin networking themselves.

    Jan 1, 2001

  • Report

    The Zapatista "Social Netwar" in Mexico

    The Zapatista movement in Mexico is a seminal case of a new mode of conflict -- netwar -- in which the protagonists depend on using network forms of organization, doctrine, strategy, and technology.

    Jan 1, 1998

  • Report

    Security in Cyberspace: Challenges for Society: Proceedings of an International Conference

    Topics covered include the magnitude of the cyberspace security threat and the threat's consequences; impediments to improved security in cyberspace and what must be done to remove them; ...

    Jan 1, 1996

  • Report

    The Advent Of Netwar

    This report examines how netwar, due to the evolution of societies according to a framework presented by the authors, may be the dominant mode of societal conflict in the 21st century.

    Jan 1, 1996

  • Report

    Security in Cyberspace: An Emerging Challenge for Society

    This paper attempts to structure the discussion the potential threats from bad actors in cyberspace.

    Jan 1, 1994

  • Content

    Lillian Ablon

    Adjunct Information Scientist
    Education M.S. in mathematics, Johns Hopkins University; B.A. in mathematics, University of California, Berkeley

  • Content

    Jair Aguirre

    Senior Technical Analyst; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.S. in applied economics, Johns Hopkins University; B.S. in liberal studies, Excelsior College; A.A. in modern standard Arabic, Defense Language Institute; A.S. in communications applications technology, Community College of the Air Force

  • Content

    Brien Alkire

    Senior Researcher; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California, Los Angeles

  • Content

    Damien Baveye

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.S. in political science, United States Naval Academy

  • Content

    Sina Beaghley

    Associate Director, Cyber and Intelligence Policy Center; National Security Research Division; Senior International/Defense Researcher
    Education M.A. in international affairs/international security, George Washington University; B.A. in political science/media communications, University of San Diego

  • Content

    Elizabeth Bodine-Baron

    Information Scientist; Associate Director, Force Modernization and Employment Program, Project Air Force; Co-Director, RAND Center for Applied Network Analysis and System Science
    Education Ph.D., M.S. in electrical engineering, California Institute of Technology; B.S. in electrical engineering, University of Texas at Austin; B.A. in liberal arts, University of Texas at Austin

  • Content

    Benjamin Boudreaux

    Senior Policy Analyst; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in philosophy, University of California at Berkeley; M.S. in foreign service, Georgetown University; B.A. in economics and philosophy, New York University