Cyber Warfare

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Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation's computers or information networks through, for example, computer viruses or denial-of-service attacks. RAND research provides recommendations to military and civilian decisionmakers on methods of defending against the damaging effects of cyber warfare on a nation's digital infrastructure.

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    Commentary

    Why It's So Hard to Stop a Cyberattack — and Even Harder to Fight Back

    Mar 30, 2017

    Cyber weapons attack the underlying network or computer systems. The possibility of unexpected effects in the cyber world is therefore greater than in conventional warfare. Not knowing if the effects were intentional complicates the response.

  • Composite image of binary code on a sunset over water

    Report

    The Life and Times of Zero-Day Software Vulnerabilities

    Mar 9, 2017

    Zero-day software vulnerabilities—security holes that developers haven't fixed or aren't aware of—can lurk undetected for years. They are useful in cyber operations and in defensive and academic settings. Whether to disclose or stockpile them is an ongoing debate.

Explore Cyber Warfare

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    Sina Beaghley

    Senior International/Defense Policy Researcher
    Education M.A. in international affairs/international security, George Washington University; B.A. in political science/media communications, University of San Diego

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    Damien Baveye

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.S. in political science, United States Naval Academy

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    Elizabeth Bodine-Baron

    Engineer; Director, RAND Center for Applied Network Analysis and System Science
    Education Ph.D., M.S. in electrical engineering, California Institute of Technology; B.S. in electrical engineering, University of Texas at Austin; B.A. in liberal arts, University of Texas at Austin

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    Benjamin Adam Boudreaux

    Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School; Policy Analyst
    Education Ph.D. in philosophy, University of California at Berkeley; M.S. in foreign service, Georgetown University; B.A. in economics and philosophy, New York University

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    John S. Davis, II

    Senior Information Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School; Co-Director, Center for Scalable Computing and Analysis
    Education B.S. in electrical engineering, Howard University; Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California, Berkeley

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    Cynthia Dion-Schwarz

    Senior Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in physics, University of Maryland; B.S. in physics, George Mason University

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    Paul Dreyer

    Senior Mathematician; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in mathematics, Rutgers University; B.S. in mathematics and history, Duke University

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    Richard Flint

    Research Assistant
    Education M.Sci. in physics, Imperial College London; MA in terrorism, security and society, Kings College London

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    David R. Frelinger

    Senior Policy Analyst; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in political science, University of California, Los Angeles; B.A. in political science, University of California, San Diego

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    Emily Haskel

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.A. in international relations, Brown University

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    Quentin Hodgson

    Senior International / Defense Researcher
    Education BA in History and Russian Language, The Johns Hopkins University; MA in international relations, The Johns Hopkins University - School of Advanced International Studies; MSc in national resource management, Industrial College of the Armed Forces

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    Caolionn O'Connell

    Senior Physical Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in physics, Stanford University; B.A. in physics, Harvard University

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    Lindsey Polley

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Certificate in counter terrorism theory, University of Leiden; M.P.A. in public administration, California State University, San Bernardino; B.A. in Chicana/Chicano studies, University of California at Davis

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    Isaac R. Porche III

    Director, Acquisition and Development Program, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center (HSOAC); Senior Engineer
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering and computer science, University of Michigan; M.S. in electrical engineering and computer science, University of California, Berkeley; B.S. in electrical engineering, Southern University

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    James Ryseff

    Technical Analyst
    Education M.S. in security studies, Georgetown University; B.S. in computer science, University of Illinois

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    Lara Schmidt

    Director, Strategy, Policy, and Operations Program, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center (HSOAC); Senior Statistician
    Education Ph.D. in statistics, American University; M.S. in mathematics, West Virginia University; B.S. in mathematics, Shepherd College

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    Erik Silfversten

    Analyst
    Education M.Sci. in international relations and global issues, University of Nottingham

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    Hilary A. Smith

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.S. in conflict analysis and resolution, George Mason University; B.A. in Middle East studies and Arabic, Brigham Young University

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    Sarah Soliman

    Technical Analyst
    Education M.Phil. in technology policy, University of Cambridge; B.S. in computer engineering, West Virginia University; B.S. in biometric systems, West Virginia University

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    Pavan Katkar

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in science and security, King's College London; B.E. in information science, National Institute of Engineering, Mysore