Cyber Warfare

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Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation's computers or information networks through, for example, computer viruses or denial-of-service attacks. RAND research provides recommendations to military and civilian decisionmakers on methods of defending against the damaging effects of cyber warfare on a nation's digital infrastructure.

  • Illustration of a network, security information, and AI technology, image by  issaronow/Adobe Stock

    Report

    'Hostile Social Manipulation' Is a Growing Threat to the United States

    Sep 4, 2019

    Hostile social manipulation includes social media campaigns, sophisticated forgeries, and spreading rumors and conspiracy theories. As these techniques are used by Russia and China, Washington should invest more resources to understand and counter them.

  • Accountability in Cyberspace: The Problem of Attribution

    Multimedia

    How to Achieve Accountability in Cyberspace

    Jan 14, 2019

    Identifying the responsible party behind malicious cyber incidents is necessary for holding bad actors accountable. But there are many challenges that accompany cyber attribution. Creating an independent, global organization that investigates and publicly assigns blame for major hacks could help.

Explore Cyber Warfare

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    Benjamin Boudreaux

    Senior Policy Analyst; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in philosophy, University of California at Berkeley; M.S. in foreign service, Georgetown University; B.A. in economics and philosophy, New York University

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    Hannah Jane Byrne

    Defense Analyst
    Education M.A. in security studies, Georgetown University; B.A. in political science, Johns Hopkins University

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    John S. Davis, II

    Senior Information Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School; Co-Director, Center for Scalable Computing and Analysis
    Education B.S. in electrical engineering, Howard University; Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California, Berkeley

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    Cynthia Dion-Schwarz

    Senior Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in physics, University of Maryland; B.S. in physics, George Mason University

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    Paul Dreyer

    Senior Mathematician; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in mathematics, Rutgers University; B.S. in mathematics and history, Duke University

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    Richard Flint

    Analyst
    Education M.Sci. in physics, Imperial College London; M.A. in terrorism, security and society, Kings College London

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    David R. Frelinger

    Senior Policy Researcher; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in political science, University of California, Los Angeles; B.A. in political science, University of California, San Diego

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    Jon Fujiwara

    Technical Analyst, IV
    Education B.S. in chemistry, US Naval Academy

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    Henry Hargrove

    Technical Analyst
    Education Bachelor of Science in applied physics, Carnegie Mellon University; Master of Engineering Management in statistical process control, Old Dominion University

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    Scott W. Harold

    Senior Political Scientist; Affiliate Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D., M.A. in political science, Columbia University; B.A. in international relations, Michigan State University

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    Quentin E. Hodgson

    Senior International / Defense Researcher
    Education B.A. in History and Russian Language, The Johns Hopkins University; M.A. in international relations, The Johns Hopkins University - School of Advanced International Studies; M.Sc. in national resource management, Industrial College of the Armed Forces

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    Pavan Katkar

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in science and security, King's College London; B.E. in information science, National Institute of Engineering, India

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    Omair Khan

    Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.P.P., University of Michigan; B.S. in economics, Georgia State University

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    Mary Lee

    Mathematician
    Education Ph.D. in mathematics, University of California, Irvine

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    Bilyana Lilly

    Assistant Policy Researcher, Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.Sc. in Russian and East European studies, University of Oxford; M.A. in international affairs, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) Switzerland; B.A. in international politics and history, Jacobs University, Germany

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    Andrew J. Lohn

    Information Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California Santa Cruz; B.Eng. in engineering physics, McMaster University

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    Lauren A. Mayer

    Senior Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. in engineering and public policy, Carnegie Mellon University; M.Sc. in environmental sciences and engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; B.Sc. in mathematics; environmental policy, American University

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    Bruce McClintock

    Adjunct Policy Analyst
    Education M.S. in aeronautical engineering, University of Florida; M.S. in airpower art and science, School of Advanced Airpower Studies; B.S. in astronautical engineering, United States Air Force Academy

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    Shawn McKay

    Senior Engineer; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in mechanical engineering, Purdue University; B.S. in mechanical engineering, Arizona State University

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    Igor Mikolic-Torreira

    Senior Fellow; Affiliate Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in mathematics, California Institute of Technology; B.A. in mathematics, Sacred Heart University