Cyber Warfare

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Cyber warfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nation's computers or information networks through, for example, computer viruses or denial-of-service attacks. RAND research provides recommendations to military and civilian decisionmakers on methods of defending against the damaging effects of cyber warfare on a nation's digital infrastructure.

  • Concept of artificial intelligence winning at chess, photo by JohnDWilliams/Getty Images

    Report

    The Emerging Risk of Virtual Societal Warfare

    Oct 9, 2019

    Living in an information society opens unprecedented opportunities for hostile rivals to cause disruption, delay, inefficiency, and harm. Social manipulation techniques are evolving beyond disinformation and cyberattacks on infrastructure sites. How can democracies protect themselves?

  • The entrance to Lakhta-2 business center, which reportedly houses news organizations and internet research companies known for trolling on social media, in St. Petersburg, Russia, February 20, 2018, photo by Anton Vaganov/Reuters

    Commentary

    What Translation Troubles Can Tell Us About Russian Information Warfare

    Oct 4, 2019

    Russian information warfare has attracted significant international attention since 2014. But little research has focused on its apparent shortcomings. Most notable are the confusing translation mistakes that undermine Moscow's attempts at covert influence efforts.

Explore Cyber Warfare

  • Report

    Report

    The Advent Of Netwar

    This report examines how netwar, due to the evolution of societies according to a framework presented by the authors, may be the dominant mode of societal conflict in the 21st century.

    Jan 1, 1996

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    Security in Cyberspace: Challenges for Society: Proceedings of an International Conference

    Topics covered include the magnitude of the cyberspace security threat and the threat's consequences; impediments to improved security in cyberspace and what must be done to remove them; ...

    Dec 31, 1995

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    Security in Cyberspace: An Emerging Challenge for Society

    This paper attempts to structure the discussion the potential threats from bad actors in cyberspace.

    Dec 31, 1993

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    Damien Baveye

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.S. in political science, United States Naval Academy

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    Sina Beaghley

    Associate Director, Cyber and Intelligence Policy Center; National Security Research Division; Senior International/Defense Researcher
    Education M.A. in international affairs/international security, George Washington University; B.A. in political science/media communications, University of San Diego

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    Elizabeth Bodine-Baron

    Senior Information Scientist; Associate Director, Force Modernization and Employment Program, Project Air Force
    Education Ph.D., M.S. in electrical engineering, California Institute of Technology; B.S. in electrical engineering, University of Texas at Austin; B.A. in liberal arts, University of Texas at Austin

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    Benjamin Boudreaux

    Policy Researcher; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in philosophy, University of California at Berkeley; M.S. in foreign service, Georgetown University; B.A. in economics and philosophy, New York University

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    Hannah Jane Byrne

    Defense Analyst
    Education M.A. in security studies, Georgetown University; B.A. in political science, Johns Hopkins University

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    David R. Frelinger

    Senior Policy Researcher
    Education M.A. in political science, University of California, Los Angeles; B.A. in political science, University of California, San Diego

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    Jon Fujiwara

    Technical Analyst, IV
    Education B.S. in chemistry, US Naval Academy

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    Lillian Ablon

    Adjunct Information Scientist
    Education M.S. in mathematics, Johns Hopkins University; B.A. in mathematics, University of California, Berkeley

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    Brien Alkire

    Senior Researcher; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California, Los Angeles

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    Henry Hargrove

    Technical Analyst
    Education Bachelor of Science in applied physics, Carnegie Mellon University; Master of Engineering Management in statistical process control, Old Dominion University

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    Scott W. Harold

    Senior Political Scientist; Affiliate Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D., M.A. in political science, Columbia University; B.A. in international relations, Michigan State University

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    Bruce McClintock

    Lead, Space Enterprise Initiative; Policy Analyst
    Education M.S. in aeronautical engineering, University of Florida; M.S. in airpower art and science, School of Advanced Airpower Studies; B.S. in astronautical engineering, United States Air Force Academy

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    Shawn McKay

    Senior Engineer; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in mechanical engineering, Purdue University; B.S. in mechanical engineering, Arizona State University

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    Mary Lee

    Mathematician
    Education Ph.D. in mathematics, University of California, Irvine

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    Andrew J. Lohn

    Information Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in electrical engineering, University of California Santa Cruz; B.Eng. in engineering physics, McMaster University

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    Omair Khan

    Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.P.P., University of Michigan; B.S. in economics, Georgia State University

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    Caolionn O'Connell

    Associate Director, Forces and Logistics Program, RAND Arroyo Center; Senior Physical Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in physics, Stanford University; B.A. in physics, Harvard University