Cybercrime

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A wide range of computer security threats exists—including faulty software, password trafficking and fraud, and hostile groups intending to inflict damage—and awareness of these threats varies. RAND has conducted research to measure and increase understanding of the impact of cybercrime on businesses and governments and has addressed such issues as the pros and cons of counterattack, the value of deterrence and vigilance, and actions that can be taken in the face of cyberattack.

  • A woman shocked and upset by something on her phone, photo by AntonioGuillem/Getty Images

    Report

    Strategies for Countering Online Abuse

    Jun 18, 2020

    Digital platforms that let users interact virtually and often anonymously have given rise to harassment and other criminal behaviors. Tech-facilitated abuse—such as nonconsensual pornography, doxing, and swatting—compromises privacy and safety. How can law enforcement respond?

  • Cybercrime concept of handcuffs icon on a digital background, photo by blackboard/Adobe Stock

    Report

    What Could Help Law Enforcement Deal with Crime on the Dark Web?

    Oct 29, 2019

    Crime in traditional online forums often leaves a trail of data that can be followed. But on the dark web, the process of collecting those data and turning them into evidence can be difficult. A panel of law enforcement practitioners and researchers identified ways to address this challenge.

Explore Cybercrime

  • Lily Ablon holding medal received for winning DEF CON 21 challenge at Def Con Cybersecurity conference

    Q&A

    The Good Hacker: Q&A with Lillian Ablon

    Lillian Ablon talks about hacking, winning the DEF CON black badge, women in STEM, and more.

    Jan 16, 2015

  • Periodical

    RAND Review: January-February 2015

    This issue of RAND Review reports on technology literacy in kids, self-driving cars, marijuana legalization, hacking and cybersecurity, monetary compensation for mass tragedies, and recent philanthropic gifts to RAND.

    Jan 12, 2015

  • People pose in front of a display showing the word 'cyber' in binary code, Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, December 27, 2014

    Commentary

    After a Year of Major Hacks, 2015 Resolutions to Bolster Cyber Security

    With numerous data breaches and emerging software vulnerabilities, 2014 was the year the hack went viral. But realizing a few New Year's resolutions in 2015 could help defenders make strides in protection, tools, and techniques to gain the edge over cyber attackers in years to come.

    Dec 31, 2014

  • A security guard at the entrance of United Artists Theater during the premiere of the film 'The Interview' in Los Angeles, December 11, 2014

    Commentary

    Is the North Korean Regime Out of Control?

    Evidence points to North Korean involvement in the Sony hack. But it's impossible to know if top regime leaders sanctioned the attack or if it was carried out by another part of the government without their knowledge and consent. An unauthorized hack would only add to Kim Jong-un's worry over his regime's instability.

    Dec 23, 2014

  • North Korean leader Kim Jong-un guides a takeoff and landing drill on a highway airfield in this undated photo released by North Korea's Korean Central News Agency in Pyongyang, October 19, 2014

    Commentary

    How Should the U.S. Respond to the Sony Hack?

    North Korea is likely testing the United States and its cyber community to see where vulnerabilities may exist. So this is not just an issue of how Sony Pictures responds—this is an issue of how the United States responds.

    Dec 11, 2014

  • Oscar-winning actress Jennifer Lawrence has contacted authorities to investigate who stole and posted nude images of her online, part of a reported mass hacking of celebrities' intimate photos

    Commentary

    Hackerazzi: How Naked Celebrities Might Make the Cloud Safer

    Despite data breach after data breach that lays bare the personal information of millions of people, leading to only incremental changes by the hacked company, it seems it only takes a handful of celebrity nude selfies to bring issues like cloud security and multi-factor authentication to the fore causing immediate changes.

    Sep 8, 2014

  • Man in living room with smart television

    Commentary

    Are You Sitting Comfortably? Understanding the Security and Privacy Implications of the Internet-Connected Living Room

    The modern living room contains a range of Internet-connected devices. This increased connectivity comes with privacy and security concerns, threats to consumers, and challenges for industry.

    Sep 3, 2014

  • Two boys sitting on a couch playing video games, photo by Sean Davis/Fotolia

    Report

    Living Room Connected Devices: Opportunities, Security Challenges, and Privacy Implications

    The "Internet-connected living room" poses security and privacy implications for industry and consumers, offering potential benefits as well as threats associated with the technical capabilities of living room connected devices.

    Sep 2, 2014

  • Astronomical observatory

    Periodical

    RAND Review: Vol. 38, No. 2, Summer 2014

    The cover story discusses the rising wave of cybercrime and possible responses to it, while other features highlight research on medical innovation and U.S. security cooperation, plus public policy insights from Victor Hugo.

    Aug 7, 2014

  • car interior with a dashboard computer

    Commentary

    Sounding the Car Alarm on Hackers

    Security protections on vehicles have not kept pace with systems that control safety features, navigation capabilities, and wireless communication functions. Onboard computer networks will likely become much more attractive to hackers.

    Jun 30, 2014

  • News Release

    Shortage of Cybersecurity Professionals Poses Risk to National Security

    The nationwide shortage of cybersecurity professionals -- particularly for positions within the federal government -- creates risks for national and homeland security.

    Jun 18, 2014

  • two men working in a bright office

    Report

    Shortage of Cybersecurity Professionals Poses Risk to National Security

    Demand for trained cybersecurity professionals who work to protect organizations from cybercrime is high nationwide, but the shortage is particularly severe in the federal government, which does not offer salaries as high as the private sector.

    Jun 18, 2014

  • hands on a computer keyboard in a dark room

    Commentary

    The Hackers' Bazaar

    Today's cyber black markets have evolved into playgrounds of financially driven, highly organized and sophisticated groups, often connected with traditional crime organizations.

    Apr 11, 2014

  • News Release

    Black Markets for Hackers Are Increasingly Sophisticated, Specialized and Maturing

    Black and gray markets for computer hacking tools, services, and byproducts such as stolen credit card numbers continue to expand, creating an increasing threat to businesses, governments, and individuals.

    Mar 25, 2014

  • An analyst looks at code in the malware lab of a cyber security defense lab at the Idaho National Laboratory

    Report

    Black Markets for Hackers Are Increasingly Sophisticated, Specialized, and Maturing

    Black and gray markets for computer hacking tools, services, and byproducts such as stolen credit card numbers continue to expand, creating an increasing threat to businesses, governments, and individuals.

    Mar 25, 2014

  • digital globe

    Report

    Case Studies Explore Future Technology Landscapes

    Case studies explore a growing volume of primarily civil technology that can both potentially impact and be exploited as UK defense and security capabilities.

    Dec 5, 2013

  • President Barack Obama shakes hands with Jeh Johnson during an announcement for Johnson to be his nominee for Secretary of Homeland Security

    Commentary

    Challenges and Opportunities Ahead for New Homeland Security Secretary

    To ensure the Department of Homeland Security makes progress in the current constrained budget environment, its new secretary must put in place a strategic perspective to guide priorities for how to address the country's most pressing problems in disaster management, immigration reform, cybersecurity, violent extremism, and nuclear terrorism.

    Oct 24, 2013

  • Network defender working at the Air Force Space Command Network Operations & Security Center at Peterson Air Force Base in Colorado Springs

    Commentary

    Don't Buy the Cyberhype

    Although the risk of a debilitating cyberattack is real, the perception of that risk is far greater than it actually is, writes Martin Libicki. In fact, a major cyberattack of the kind intelligence officials fear has not taken place in the 21 years since the Internet became accessible to the public.

    Aug 16, 2013

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    Report

    Stocktaking Military Cyber Defense Capabilities in the European Union

    As the stakes of cyber threats rise, the EU needs to be able to provide a consistent level of cyber defense capability across member states. This stocktaking exercise aimed to inform further action at the EU and national level.

    Jun 3, 2013

  • close up of person using an ATM

    Commentary

    The Real Cyber Threat

    The fact is that the United States needs to gear up for the coming era of cyber threats — and start by ensuring its financial flank is not catastrophically compromised, writes Mark Sparkman.

    May 21, 2013