Data Privacy


  • COVID-19 content displayed on a mobile phone, photo by da-kuk/Getty Images

    Research Brief

    COVID-19 Mobile Surveillance Tools Raise Privacy Concerns

    Jul 30, 2020

    Dozens of countries are using mobile phone tools and data sources for COVID-19 tracking. These tools are beneficial, but they also have the potential for harm. As public health agencies consider using mobile surveillance tools, they will need to address privacy concerns.

  • Graphic depicting quantum computing, design by Alyson Youngblood/RAND Corporation


    Quantum Computers Will Break the Internet, but Only If We Let Them

    Apr 9, 2020

    Quantum computers are expected to be powerful enough to break the current cryptography that protects all digital communications. But this scenario is preventable if policymakers take actions now to minimize the harm that quantum computers may cause.

Explore Data Privacy

  • Journal Article

    Public Perception of Security and Privacy: Assessing Knowledge, Collecting Evidence, Translating Research Into Action

    PACT is a three year project that aims to understand more fully the public perception of security, privacy, and surveillance across the 27 European Member States (EU27).

    Feb 1, 2014

  • Member of the protest group, Code Pink, protests against U.S. President Obama and the NSA before his arrival at the DOJ in Washington, January 17, 2014


    The Facts About the Metadata 'Menace'

    Metadata from a phone call include information such as the direction (who called whom), length, date and time. The program does not record the location or the name associated with a call. No one is listening to the call and no content is recorded.

    Jan 26, 2014

  • A protester during a rally against mass surveillance near the U.S. Capitol


    After NSA Spying Revelations, US Must Reform Rules on Secrecy and Data

    The U.S. should make two key reforms. First, the over-designation of material as classified makes it is harder to protect the few real secrets; this must be change. Second, the FISA court must become a gatekeeper for NSA access to communications data.

    Nov 14, 2013

  • Events @ RAND Audio Podcast


    Events @ RAND: Security Versus Privacy?

    At this October 2013 event, Henry Willis, director of the RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center, moderated a panel discussion on U.S. efforts to strike a balance among privacy, security, and liberty.

    Oct 24, 2013

  • woman using a laptop


    Opt-In, Opt-Out; Why Not Forced Choice?

    By default, browsers generally are set to automatically allow online tracking, but there may be a better way to make sure consumers decide whether or not they want to allow advertisers to sniff at their digital footprints, writes Steven Isley.

    Oct 8, 2013

  • Commentary

    Needed: Sustainable Spying Oversight

    Domestic intelligence in the United States is an activity with a history, and efforts to consider future policy on this issue need to take that history into account, writes Brian Jackson. Public acceptability must be part of the calculus in devising oversight and control of intelligence efforts.

    Sep 18, 2013

  • Supporters of Edward Snowden


    What Did Edward Snowden Get Wrong? Everything

    Unfortunately, during the Snowden affair, many news outlets have spent more time examining ways the government could abuse the information it has access to while giving scant mention to the lengths to which the intelligence community goes to protect privacy, writes Andrew Liepman.

    Aug 12, 2013

  • Eric Schmidt at RAND's Politics Aside event


    Google's Eric Schmidt: 'Free Speech Matters'

    During a discussion with Reuters West Coast Bureau Chief Jonathan Weber at RAND's Politics Aside event, Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt discusses YouTube and the internet, and how Google's position on free speech, privacy, and user-generated content resonates globally.

    Dec 10, 2012

  • Jonathan Weber interviews Eric Schmidt about "The New Digital Age" Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012 at the RAND Politics Aside event in Culver City.(High Res Version)


    Google's Eric Schmidt on How Petraeus Resignation Highlights Online Privacy Battle

    Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt says there's a fight going on to save personal privacy on the web, and General Petraeus' resignation illustrates just some of the issues we face. Schmidt talks with Reuters West Coast Bureau Chief Jonathan Weber at RAND's Politics Aside event.

    Nov 20, 2012

  • money changing hands

    Journal Article

    Wellness Program Incentives: Can We Legally Pay People for Being Good?

    Incentives to participate in wellness programs or reach health-related targets are popular, but could expose employers and insurers to litigation risk because incentives might violate state and federal insurance, anti-discrimination, or privacy laws.

    Nov 1, 2012

  • Report

    Understanding the Security, Privacy, and Trust Aspects of Cloud Computing

    Cloud computing is a model for enabling on-demand network access to a shared pool of computing resources—such as storage and applications—that can be rapidly provisioned with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. RAND Europe explored the security, privacy, and trust challenges that cloud computing poses.

    Apr 4, 2011

  • Research Brief

    Security at what cost? Quantifying trade-offs across liberty, privacy and security

    RAND Europe undertook an internally funded, innovative discrete choice experiment to understand the real privacy and security trade-offs individuals are willing to make in order to inform policymakers about citizens' true preferences in this domain.

    Jun 8, 2010

  • Journal Article

    Quantifying Individuals' Trade-Offs Between Privacy, Liberty and Security: The Case of Rail Travel in UK

    This paper uses a stated choice experiment to quantify individuals' tradeoffs between privacy and security within a real-life context, namely rail travel in the UK.

    Mar 31, 2010

  • Travelers line up at Denver International Airport


    Security, At What Cost? Quantifying People's Trade-Offs

    To help policymakers understand the privacy, liberty, and security trade-offs individuals are willing to make, RAND Europe examined three real-life case studies where these factors come into play: applying for a passport, traveling on the national rail network, and attending a major public event.

    Jan 8, 2010

  • Report

    Increase Health Information Technology Adoption and Connectivity

    This document explores how increased health information technology (HIT) adoption and connectivity would affect health system performance along nine dimensions.

    Oct 12, 2009

  • Computer password screen


    The Cracks in Data Privacy

    In the future, the EU will inevitably have to adjust its system of rules to cope with the evolving uses of personal data, globalization and international data flows, write Neil Robinson and Lorenzo Valeri.

    May 19, 2009

  • Journal Article

    Crossed Wires: How Yesterday's Privacy Rules Might Undercut Tomorrow's Nationwide Health Information Network

    More than a decade after passage of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), concerns about the privacy and security of personal health information remain a major policy issue. Now, the emergence of the Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN) presents deeper underlying privacy challenges, which will require renewed attention from policymakers as federal and state privacy rules need to be revisited.

    Mar 15, 2009

  • Journal Article

    Interoperable Electronic Prescribing in the United States: A Progress Report

    Although the vast majority of U.S. physicians still handwrite prescriptions, adoption of electronic prescribing is slowly growing. Major barriers to adoption remain, including the inability to electronically submit prescriptions for controlled substances and confusion about standards for data exchange. Federal and state governments and private insurers are using payment and policy incentives to boost e-prescribing because they still believe in its promise for improving the quality and efficiency of health care.

    Mar 15, 2009

  • Research Brief

    Identity Crisis? Approaches to Patient Identification in a National Health Information Network

    This research brief summarizes an analysis and comparison of two methods of patient identification -- statistical matching and unique patient identifier -- on error rates, operational efficiency, costs, and privacy and security issues.

    Oct 8, 2008

  • Report

    Creating Unique Health ID Numbers Would Facilitate Improved Health Care Quality and Efficiency

    Creating a unique patient identification number for every person in the United States would facilitate a reduction in medical errors, simplify the use of electronic medical records, increase overall efficiency and help protect patient privacy.

    Sep 21, 2008