Databases and Data Collection, Analysis, and Processing

With computer technology has come the growth of local and online databases: collections of structured information stored on a computer or network of computers for querying and analysis. RAND has been a leader in the collection, analysis, and processing of databases for multidisciplinary projects in a range of research areas from census data and economic statistics to survey research and medical studies.

  • A robot's hand selecting a candidate photograph

    Commentary

    Intentional Bias Is Another Way Artificial Intelligence Could Hurt Us

    Conversations about unconscious bias in artificial intelligence often focus on algorithms unintentionally causing disproportionate harm to entire swaths of society. But the problem could run much deeper than that. Society should be on guard for the possibility of nefarious actors deliberately introducing bias into artificial intelligence systems.

    Oct 22, 2018

  • Woman's eye with technology of security concept

    Commentary

    The Perils of Connecting Our Bodies to the Internet

    High-tech health care solutions are part of an emerging sector of medical technologies that monitor personal health data by essentially connecting your body to the Internet. As smart devices in health care evolve, the line between human and machine is blurring, and creating new concerns about consumer safety and privacy rights.

    Oct 15, 2018

  • Doctors using a tablet and a desktop computer to view a patient's medical records

    Commentary

    How Smartphone Apps Could Help Keep Health Records Accurate

    Electronic health records have helped streamline record keeping but providers aren't always able to reliably pull together records for the same patient from different hospitals, clinics, and doctor's offices. The growing use of smartphones offers a promising opportunity to improve record matching.

    Oct 4, 2018

  • Jennifer Kavanagh and William “Pat” Getty discuss “Truth Decay” at RAND, September 20, 2018

    Blog

    Conversation at RAND: Truth Decay

    The recent erosion of public trust in facts and institutions is not the first period of truth decay in U.S. history. What's different this time is the increasing disagreement about objective facts. Jennifer Kavanagh and William “Pat” Getty discussed the trend and how to stop it.

    Oct 2, 2018

  • Hacker on a laptop

    Commentary

    Have a Victim Response Plan for Data Breaches

    In a large data breach, there could be a real risk to victims' financial or personal security. Though responsible organizations should do everything in their power to ensure data is protected in the first place, they also should prepare a plan to ensure prompt victim response.

    Oct 2, 2018

  • Students using digital tablets

    Report

    Privacy and Interoperability Challenges Could Limit the Benefits of Education Technology

    The rise of education technology brings increased opportunity for the collection and application of data. This presents challenges, including data infrastructure issues that could limit the usefulness of data, and privacy concerns.

    Oct 2, 2018

  • News Release

    Mobile Phones and Smartphone Apps Hold Promise for Allowing Patient Participation in Improving Medical Record Matching

    Mobile phones and smartphone apps offer a promising approach to ensure that an individual's medical records when shared between different health care providers are matched correctly.

    Aug 22, 2018

  • A medical record app displaying on a smartphone

    Report

    Patients Could Help Improve Record Matching

    When health providers exchange medical records, the success rate can be as low as 50 percent. The ubiquity of mobile phones offers a promising opportunity to create a patient-empowered system to confirm identities that would allow hospitals and other providers to match records more accurately.

    Aug 22, 2018

  • Face detection and recognition

    Commentary

    Keeping Artificial Intelligence Accountable to Humans

    Artificial intelligence (AI) systems are often only as intelligent and fair as the data used to train them. To enable AI that frees humans from bias instead of reinforcing it, experts and regulators must think more deeply not only about what AI can do, but what it should do—and then teach it how.

    Aug 20, 2018

  • Report

    National Guard Youth ChalleNGe: Program Progress in 2016–2017

    This report presents information on recent participants of the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe, a quasi-military program for young people lacking a high school diploma. It also documents program progress in academics, fitness, and other areas.

    Aug 20, 2018

  • Group of people sitting in chairs along a wall, waiting

    Report

    Best Practices for Participant and Stakeholder Engagement in the All of Us Research Program

    RAND researchers identified best practices for engaging participants in the All of Us Research Program, which collects long-term health data from 1 million U.S. adults. Engagement involves awareness, enrollment, and retention of program participants.

    Aug 17, 2018

  • Report

    Developing Cybersecurity Capacity: A proof-of-concept implementation guide

    This document is a proof-of-concept operational toolbox designed to facilitate the development of national-level cybersecurity capacity building programmes and of holistic policy and investment strategies to tackle challenges in the cyber domain.

    Aug 2, 2018

  • Screenshot of the RAND Hospital Data tool homepage

    Tool

    RAND Hospital Data: Web-Based Tool

    The RAND Hospital Data tool is an effort to enhance data from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Healthcare Provider Cost Reporting Information System to make them more useful and accessible to a broad audience.

    Jul 30, 2018

  • Social network illustration superimposed over a city at night

    Report

    How Police Could Use Social Media and Social Network Analysis

    Social media and social network analysis could help law enforcement monitor for safety threats, identify those at high risk for involvement in violence, and investigate crimes and crime networks. But computer security, privacy, and civil rights protections must be in place before using these tools.

    Jul 18, 2018

  • Oakland Athletics second baseman Jed Lowrie hits a home run during the eighth inning against the Cleveland Indians at Progressive Field, July 7, 2018

    Commentary

    Truth Decay, America's Latest Pastime

    Detailed data and complex analysis are the foundation of decisionmaking in baseball and many other professions and occupations. But facts are out of favor in current U.S. political and civil discourse, and the public policymaking that accompanies it.

    Jul 12, 2018

  • wifi

    Tool

    A Manual for Cultural Analysis

    Many academic disciplines have formally theorized culture as socially learned information that can influence beliefs and behaviors. This tool combines methods from anthropology and related areas to create a manual to examine cultural data.

    Jul 9, 2018

  • Report

    Using the Person-Event Data Environment for Military Personnel Research in the Department of Defense: An Evaluation of Capability and Potential Uses

    Researchers seek to determine whether RAND's federally funded research and development centers can effectively use the Person-Event Data Environment (PDE) to support manpower and personnel research and identify potential improvements to the PDE.

    Jul 6, 2018

  • A group of colleagues using their smart phones in synchronicity.

    Multimedia

    Protecting Consumer Data: Considerations for Congress

    Should consumers be in charge of self-regulating the data they share and how companies use it? What policy opportunities could Congress consider to better protect consumer data? In this RAND Congressional briefing, Rebecca Balebako and John Davis discuss the benefits and risks of data sharing, opportunities for protecting privacy at both the personal and industry level, and current U.S. laws and how they compare to European laws.

    Jun 8, 2018

  • Audio Podcast of Truth Decay Event at RAND

    Multimedia

    Truth Decay and Civil Discourse

    In this Events @ RAND podcast, Jennifer Kavanagh addresses the connection between Truth Decay and the erosion of civil discourse, as well as Truth Decay's effects on policymaking and the future of democracy.

    May 24, 2018

  • Group of people using their phones outdoors

    Blog

    Regulation or Research? How to Reduce Truth Decay in the Media

    What is social media's role in the decline of trust in the media? Is government intervention needed to help stop the spread of misinformation? A panel of researchers discussed the connection between the media and Truth Decay at a RAND event in Boston.

    May 22, 2018