The study of populations and their effects on energy and the environment has become increasingly important to both the private sector and government. RAND demographers—experts in fields such as economics, statistics, mathematics, epidemiology, population and migration, and labor markets—conduct multidisciplinary, policy-relevant research and host annual conferences and demography workshops to help solve real-world problems.

  • Large group of people making a virus shape, photo by NiseriN/Getty Images


    The Impact of the Pandemic on Demographic Trends

    Apr 12, 2021

    Key demographic trends in fertility, mortality, and migration are responsible for shifts in the overall structure of any population. COVID-19 has affected each of these, with potentially important implications.

  • Ukrainian refugees arrive at the Przemysl, Poland, train station, March 3, 2022, photo by Attila Husejnow/SOPA Images/Alamy


    Tracking Migration Amid War and Disease

    Apr 28, 2022

    Researchers from RAND and RAND Europe have been working on a way to better track migrant numbers, country by country and state by state, in almost real time. They do it by tapping into one of the largest information-gathering operations on the planet, Facebook.

Explore Demographics

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    The Health of Aging Populations in China and India

    Our data compare health status, risk factors, and chronic diseases among people age forty-five and older in China and India.

    Feb 4, 2016

  • Stamford, USA - November 10, 2013: A Veteran is enjoying and observing the Veterans Day Parade honoring all the Veterans from the Korean, Vietnam and other wars.


    Characteristics and Health Care Needs of Patients Served by the Department of Veterans Affairs

    Veterans who rely on Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care are older and less healthy than other veterans. RAND analysis showed how the veteran population and demand for VA health care could change in the next decade.

    Dec 31, 2015

  • Young woman paying bills

    Journal Article

    Do Student Loans Delay Marriage?

    The financial weight of monthly student loan repayments reduces the likelihood of marriage in the four years immediately after graduation, but only for women.

    Nov 19, 2015

  • Young black couple on a couch

    Journal Article

    A Social Network Comparison of Low-Income Black and White Newlywed Couples

    This study draws on interviews with 57 first-married newlyweds from low-income communities to compare the composition and structure of Black and White couples' duocentric social networks.

    Nov 11, 2015

  • Woman using a digital tablet with an elderly man


    Bridging the Global Age Gap

    The Trans-Pacific Partnership offers hope for balancing the world's rapidly aging with its jobless youth. As long-term care for the elderly becomes a pressing need in many developed countries, services such as monitoring and reminding people to take their medications could be provided remotely from countries with an abundance of younger workers.

    Oct 8, 2015

  • Senior couple on a park bench looking at a tablet


    Aging in Asia: Can the 'Tigers' Continue to Roar?

    Changing demographics will force Japan and the “Asian Tigers”—Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore and Taiwan—to find ways to remain economically dynamic while increasingly looking after their elderly. How might public policy help accomplish this?

    Jun 16, 2015

  • Announcement


    Kevin McCarthy, Longtime Santa Monica Resident and RAND Researcher, Developed Tools to Predict Family Mobility

    Kevin Farley McCarthy, a RAND researcher who worked on projects ranging from immigration to the arts, died March 17, 2015. His work helped cities, states, judiciaries, and museums address some of their most difficult issues.

    Mar 20, 2015

  • U.S. President Barack Obama receives a standing ovation at a joint session of Congress in the chamber of the House of Representatives in Washington, DC, September 8, 2011


    Is Geographic Clustering Driving Political Polarization?

    The ideological gap separating the Republican and Democratic parties in Congress has grown dramatically wider in recent decades. An analysis of the presidential vote in congressional districts over the last 60 years finds that the degree to which most districts are different from the “average” district has grown, supporting the theory that polarization stems from geographic clustering.

    Mar 3, 2015

  • The U.S. Capitol Building


    Is Geographic Clustering of Voters Driving Rising Polarization in Congress?

    Over the last 40 years, the geographic distribution of the American electorate has become more clustered with respect to party voting, college attainment, median family income, and the marriage rate. This is responsible for an estimated 30 percent of the increase in polarization in the House of Representatives over time.

    Feb 17, 2015

  • Senior man holding child's hand outdoors


    A Growing and Aging Population: Global Societal Trends to 2030

    An analysis of the changing demographic profile of the world's population and major trends can help the EU anticipate future challenges. These trends relate chiefly to overall population growth, population decline in Europe, and, in the future, in other parts of the world.

    Feb 12, 2015

  • Capsules and pills packed on white background


    Estimating the Economic Costs of Antimicrobial Resistance

    The costs of failing to tackle antimicrobial resistance (AMR) include a world population by 2050 that will be between 11 million and 444 million lower than it would otherwise be in the absence of AMR, and world GDP losses between $2.1 and $124.5 trillion.

    Dec 11, 2014

  • A son, father, and grandfather fishing from a dock


    Demographics Add Urgency for Action on Dementia Long-Term Care

    Dementia takes a huge toll on those afflicted with it but also has major consequences for those who must care for them. More than 15 million Americans provide care for loved ones with dementia—tending to their daily, routine needs and ensuring their medical needs are met.

    Jul 28, 2014

  • Report


    Designing a System for Collecting Policy-Relevant Data for the Kurdistan Region — Iraq: Arabic-language version

    Surveys the availability of reliable policy-relevant data in the Kurdistan Region -- Iraq, identifies the high-priority areas for which more data are required, and develops guidance for a system to collect and disseminate these data on an ongoing basis.

    May 23, 2014

  • Infographic


    Mexicans Work and Work, But Will Retirement Work for Them?

    This Window on the World illustrates the demographic trends that lie ahead for Mexico whose elderly population is projected to increase 370 percent by 2050.

    May 14, 2014

  • Logan Town, Liberia


    Evaluation of the Population and Poverty Research Initiative (PopPov)

    This report evaluates the Population and Poverty Research Initiative (PopPov) and its progress in building economic demography, particularly policy-relevant research; policymakers’ understanding of issues; and research capacity in sub-Saharan Africa.

    May 5, 2014

  • Binary code and laptops


    Designing a System for Collecting Policy-Relevant Data for the Kurdistan Region — Iraq

    Surveys the availability of reliable policy-relevant data in the Kurdistan Region -- Iraq, identifies the high-priority areas for which more data are required, and develops guidance for a system to collect and disseminate these data on an ongoing basis.

    Apr 18, 2014

  • Grandpa and grandson playing a chess game

    Journal Article

    Examining Physical Function and Mortality of Aging Taiwanese

    The Survey of Health and Living Status of the Middle-Aged and Elderly in Taiwan measured difficulty with one or more of seven physical functions. A group-based trajectory model identified common trajectories.

    Mar 1, 2014

  • An elderly woman using a walker with a young woman assisting her


    RAND Summer Institute July 7–10, 2014

    Applications are being accepted now through March 21 for the 21st annual RAND Summer Institute (RSI), a pair of conferences on aging that will be held next July 7–10 at the RAND Corporation headquarters in Santa Monica.

    Oct 21, 2013

  • Jubilee Family Festival in Hyde Park


    Could Britain See a Baby Boom?

    The royal birth comes at a time when fertility in Britain is increasing after decades of decline. Today, the U.K.'s total fertility rate, a proxy for the average number of children per women in a given year, is the third highest in Europe behind only France and Ireland.

    Jul 31, 2013

  • huge crowd of people


    How Europe's Changing Population Will Impact Income Inequality

    Groups of the EU population most at risk of poverty that are likely to grow include the elderly, migrants, and single heads of households. Managing the transition to an increasingly aging population while maintaining high welfare standards will depend upon reform of pension and healthcare systems, and labor markets.

    Jul 17, 2013