Demographics

Featured

The study of populations and their effects on energy and the environment has become increasingly important to both the private sector and government. RAND demographers—experts in fields such as economics, statistics, mathematics, epidemiology, population and migration, and labor markets—conduct multidisciplinary, policy-relevant research and host annual conferences and demography workshops to help solve real-world problems.

  • Large group of people making a virus shape, photo by NiseriN/Getty Images

    Commentary

    The Impact of the Pandemic on Demographic Trends

    Apr 12, 2021

    Key demographic trends in fertility, mortality, and migration are responsible for shifts in the overall structure of any population. COVID-19 has affected each of these, with potentially important implications.

  • Ukrainian refugees arrive at the Przemysl, Poland, train station, March 3, 2022, photo by Attila Husejnow/SOPA Images/Alamy

    Essay

    Tracking Migration Amid War and Disease

    Apr 28, 2022

    Researchers from RAND and RAND Europe have been working on a way to better track migrant numbers, country by country and state by state, in almost real time. They do it by tapping into one of the largest information-gathering operations on the planet, Facebook.

Explore Demographics

  • Jubilee Family Festival in Hyde Park

    Commentary

    Could Britain See a Baby Boom?

    The royal birth comes at a time when fertility in Britain is increasing after decades of decline. Today, the U.K.'s total fertility rate, a proxy for the average number of children per women in a given year, is the third highest in Europe behind only France and Ireland.

    Jul 31, 2013

  • huge crowd of people

    Report

    How Europe's Changing Population Will Impact Income Inequality

    Groups of the EU population most at risk of poverty that are likely to grow include the elderly, migrants, and single heads of households. Managing the transition to an increasingly aging population while maintaining high welfare standards will depend upon reform of pension and healthcare systems, and labor markets.

    Jul 17, 2013

  • Vasco de Gama Bridge, Lisbon

    Commentary

    The Value of Uncertainty: Assessing Global Societal Trends

    When planning for the future, we should understand that the capacity to predict the future is rather limited and poor. Rather, an ability to anticipate plausible trends and their potential consequences is more realistic, writes Stijn Hoorens.

    May 8, 2013

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Comparing Marital Status and Divorce Status in Civilian and Military Populations

    Since military operations began in Afghanistan and Iraq, lengthy deployments have led to concerns about the vulnerability of military marriages.

    Dec 1, 2012

  • A homeless Chinese man with his daughter sleeping on steps

    Commentary

    The Inequality Debate: The United States versus China

    The inequality debate should focus more on the sources and reasons for inequality, and less on how much inequality there is, or how much it has changed, writes Charles Wolf, Jr.

    Jun 4, 2012

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: Vol. 36, No. 1, Spring 2012

    Stories cover Iran's nuclear threat, social security in Mexico, programs for veterans, crime costs, U.S. efforts in Afghanistan, the health insurance mandate, legal defense, marijuana legalization, global education, and Louisiana's coastal planning.

    May 11, 2012

  • Oracle corporate headquarters in Redwood, CA

    Report

    How Americans Will Live and Work in 2020: A Workshop Exploring Key Trends and Philanthropic Responses

    These proceedings summarize the discussion at a July 2011 workshop convened to examine how trends in four areas -- the economy, demographics, the workplace, and lifestyles -- will affect the poor and vulnerable in America in the coming decade.

    Jan 16, 2012

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: Vol. 35, No. 3, Winter 2011-2012

    Stories discuss world demographic trends, Afghan peace prospects, U.S. health care spending, California prisoner reentry, Latin American inequalities, global health, veterans' mental health, highway investments, teacher bonuses, and charter schools.

    Jan 13, 2012

  • A world map formed by standing people, illustration by 300_librarians/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Seven Billion? No Need to Panic

    We cannot wish away serious ecological issues, such as the steady increase in greenhouse gases or the steady decrease in critical resources (e.g., phosphates). But population growth per se need not portend ecological catastrophe, writes Martin Libicki.

    Nov 4, 2011

  • News Release

    News Release

    AARP, Centro Fox and the RAND Corporation Release Findings of New Study on Aging Trends in Mexico

    Mexican citizens are living longer and overall have experienced an improvement in the quality of life compared to that of prior generations. However, the demographic transition in Mexico combined with the lack of formal sources of income in retirement place many older persons in a state of financial insecurity.

    Oct 18, 2011

  • News Release

    News Release

    AARP, el Centro Fox y la Corporación RAND Hacen Públicos los Resultados de un Nuevo Estudio Sobre el Envejecimiento

    Mexican citizens are living longer and overall have experienced an improvement in the quality of life compared to that of prior generations. However, the demographic transition in Mexico combined with the lack of formal sources of income in retirement place many older persons in a state of financial insecurity.

    Oct 18, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    Living Longer in Mexico: Income Security and Health: Executive Summary

    Describes the income security, health status, and health care coverage of older persons in Mexico and presents policy recommendations that may lead to increased old-age income security and health in Mexico.

    Oct 18, 2011

  • Elderly man in Mexico

    Report

    Living Longer in Mexico: Income Security and Health

    Mexican citizens are living longer and overall have experienced an improvement in the quality of life compared to that of prior generations. However, the demographic transition in Mexico, combined with the lack of formal sources of income in retirement, places many older persons in a state of financial insecurity.

    Oct 18, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    Living Longer in Mexico: Income Security and Health (Spanish-language version)

    Describes the income security, health status, and health care coverage of older persons in Mexico and presents policy recommendations that may lead to increased old-age income security and health in Mexico (Spanish-language version).

    Oct 18, 2011

  • gambling at blackjack table

    Report

    A Critical Review of Research on Gambling-Related Harm

    Almost 1 percent of the British population has a gambling problem that can affect their families, communities, and themselves. The Responsible Gambling Fund commissioned RAND Europe to 'map the gap' between the available evidence base on gambling-related harm and information needed to inform policy.

    Oct 17, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    What Impact Does Global Demographic Change Have on Military Power?

    A projection of working-age populations through 2050 informs an analysis of how demographics influence manpower, national income and expenditures, and human capital—and how changes in these factors may affect the ability of states to carry out military missions.

    Jul 27, 2011

  • News Release

    News Release

    Low Fertility in Europe — Is There Still Reason to Worry?

    The post-war trend of falling birth rates has been reversed across Europe. However, despite an increasing emphasis on family and fertility policies in Europe, this recent development involves social, cultural, and economic factors more than individual policy interventions.

    Jun 16, 2011

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Europe's demography: Are babies back? The recent recovery in EU period fertility due to older childbearing

    An update to the RAND Europe 2004 study into the causes and consequences of low fertility in Europe analysing the latest data, reviewing recent literature, and examining the situation in Germany, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the UK in depth.

    Jun 16, 2011

  • family parking space in Europe

    Report

    Low Fertility in Europe — Is There Still Reason to Worry?

    The post-war trend of falling birth rates has been reversed across Europe. However, despite an increasing emphasis on family and fertility policies in Europe, this recent development involves social, cultural, and economic factors more than individual policy interventions.

    Jun 16, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    How Will Demographic and Economic Trends in the Arab World Affect U.S. Policy?

    An assessment of likely demographic and economic challenges in the Arab world through 2020—such as population growth rates and continued global oil production—provides a better-informed platform on which to build U.S. defense planning and policy.

    May 11, 2011