Demographics

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The study of populations and their effects on energy and the environment has become increasingly important to both the private sector and government. RAND demographers—experts in fields such as economics, statistics, mathematics, epidemiology, population and migration, and labor markets—conduct multidisciplinary, policy-relevant research and host annual conferences and demography workshops to help solve real-world problems.

  • COVID-19 survivor Irma Gooden celebrates her 100th birthday in Jackson, Georgia, June 16, 2020, photo by Curtis Compton/Atlanta Journal-Constitution/TNS/ABACAPRESS.COM via Reuters

    Commentary

    Humans Are Living Longer, So What Do We Do with All This Extra Time?

    Feb 5, 2021

    Medical and public health improvements over the past century have led to dramatic increases in longevity. New policies may be needed to ensure these extra years become mutually beneficial to all generations.

  • A couple managing their finances using a laptop and calculator, photo by fizkes/Getty Images

    Report

    The Decline of the American Middle Class

    Feb 25, 2021

    Depending on definition, the American middle class has been either receiving less income or shrinking in size since the '70s. The economic effects of the pandemic will likely generate further declines in the middle class and a disproportionate entry into the lower class.

Explore Demographics

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Anatomy of a Fertility Decline: Peninsular Malaysia, 1950-1976

    Data from a retrospective survey are used to analyze trends in the fertility of Peninsular Malaysia's 3 main ethnic groups, Malays, Chinese, and Indians.

    Jan 1, 1982

  • Report

    Report

    Comment on M. J. Greenwood's Simultaneity Bias in Migration Models: An Empirical Examination.

    A discussion of the shortcomings of Greenwood's August 1975 article in [Demography]. Greenwood purports to examine empirically the importance of simultaneity bias in migration models. However, there is no such thing as an "empirical" examination of...

    Jan 1, 1976

  • Report

    Report

    A New Method for Ergodic Analysis.

    The ergodic theorems of demography show that initial differences in population profiles are unimportant in the long run. This paper uses the projective metric to give simpler proofs of these theorems and gives necessary and sufficient conditions for...

    Jan 1, 1974

  • Report

    Report

    Population Growth and Internal Migration in Colombia

    An analysis of Colombia's population explosion and increased internal migration. In recent years, Colombia has experienced one of the world's most rapid population growth rates and an unprecedented migration from rural to urban areas.

    Dec 31, 1968

  • Report

    Report

    The Postattack Population of the United States

    An analysis of the demographic consequences of a nuclear attack on the United States in terms of size of the postattack population; its rate of growth in subsequent decades; its composition by age, sex, and color; and postattack patterns ...

    Jan 1, 1966

  • People

    People

    Andreas Culora

    Analyst
    Education Ph.D. in human geography, Loughborough University, UK; B.Sc. in geography, Loughborough University, UK

  • People

    People

    Hardika Dayalani

    Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.P.A. in public administration, University of Pennsylvania; B.Tech. (Hons) in ocean engineering and naval architecture, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

  • People

    People

    Stijn Hoorens

    Office Director, RAND Europe Brussels, Senior Research Leader
    Education M.Sc. and B.Sc. in systems engineering, policy analysis, and management, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands

  • People

    People

    Linda G. Martin

    Senior Fellow
    Education Ph.D. in economics, M.P.A. in public affairs, Princeton University; A.B. in mathematics, Harvard University

  • People

    People

    Teague Ruder

    Research Programmer
    Education M.A. in economics, Penn State University; B.A. in economics and philosophy, SUNY Geneseo

  • People

    People

    Jason M. Ward

    Associate Economist; Associate Director, RAND Center for Housing and Homelessness in Los Angeles; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in economics, University of Illinois; M.A. in economics, University of Illinois; B.A. in economics, University of Illinois