Developing Countries

Featured

More than three-fourths of the world's population live in so-called developing countries: nations that may not have a stable economy, energy supply, or advanced technology, and whose population may lack access to jobs, food, water, education, health care, and housing. RAND takes a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the problems of international development and recommends policy solutions for global, national, and local economies.

Explore Developing Countries

  • Chinese currency

    Commentary

    China's Foreign Aid Offensive

    China has given an average of $174 billion per year in foreign assistance for the last six years. How will the scale of its foreign aid change in the future?

    Jun 29, 2015

  • A farmer in China inspects his rice

    Q&A

    Reaching the 80 Percent: Q&A with Krishna Kumar

    Krishna Kumar discusses studying agriculture in China, low-income housing in India, and labor markets in Bangladesh, and how research can help the developing world.

    Jun 15, 2015

  • Trainee health workers preparing to don protective suits at a World Health Organization training session in Freetown September 30, 2014

    Commentary

    What the Ebola Crisis Taught Us About Emergency Preparedness

    The 2014 Ebola outbreak was the most severe of its kind. At the height of the crisis, 800 to 1,000 new cases were reported per week in Africa across the three most heavily affected countries. As of last week, there were only 12 confirmed cases. What must be done to prevent and mitigate future crises of this nature?

    Jun 4, 2015

  • Congolese M23 rebels patrol near Rushuru, in DRC August 2013 as a deadline set by UN peacekeepers for rebels to lay down their weapons passes

    Report

    Addressing Risks in Security Sector Assistance to Africa

    Often those countries most in need of security sector assistance are least able to make good use of it. How can the United States better anticipate and mitigate the risks of assistance to Africa's fragile states?

    Apr 15, 2015

  • Project

    Assessing the Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfers as a Development Mechanism

    Conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and program administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.

    Mar 30, 2015

  • Supporters of Nigerian presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari gesture in front of his election posters in Kano March 27, 2015

    Commentary

    What's at Stake in Nigeria's Elections

    Next to ethnic and religious predilections, security is by far the biggest issue for Nigerians in Saturday's election. For more than 50 years, since Nigeria's independence from British rule, its military has played an important role in peacekeeping across the continent. Paradoxically, the country has struggled with an insurgency within its own borders.

    Mar 27, 2015

  • An Imam recites verses from the Koran through a megaphone in an effort to 'heal' patients with mental health problems in Mogadishu, Somalia

    Commentary

    Mental Health Care in Sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

    Depression is the leading cause of disability throughout the world and is especially prevalent among low-income African countries, where 75 percent of the people who suffer from mental illness do not have easy access to the mental health care they need.

    Mar 10, 2015

  • U.S. President Barack Obama and India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi wave before their meeting at Hyderabad House, New Delhi, January 25, 2015

    Commentary

    U.S.-India Relations: Will the Obama-Modi Personal Chemistry Suffice?

    U.S. President Barack Obama's visit with Prime Minister Narendra Modi in India has generated generally positive reactions from analysts. These judgments will be reinforced if the leaders' current chemistry changes Indo-U.S. policy for the better.

    Feb 3, 2015

  • push pins on a map

    Report

    Mapping Diasporas in the European Union and United States

    Diaspora communities generally fare better in the U.S. and Europe than those who remained in their countries of origin, but not as well as U.S. and European nationals. Policymakers and others seeking to engage with diaspora groups may benefit from eight recommendations developed through a synthesis of quantitative mapping and analysis of engagement strategies and diaspora survey results.

    Dec 29, 2014

  • Map and pushpins

    Report

    Mapping Diasporas in the European Union and United States: Comparative analysis and recommendations for engagement: summary report

    This summary provides an overview of diasporas present in Europe and the US, and delivers concrete recommendations for engaging with diasporas.

    Dec 29, 2014

  • Worker weaving fabric on loom in factory

    Report

    Human Resource Practices for Labor Inspectorates in Developing Countries

    This review highlights the state of knowledge about the conditions, competencies, and incentives needed for labor inspectors in developing countries to successfully carry out their work.

    Dec 15, 2014

  • The Mariannhill landfill site in Durban, South Africa

    Commentary

    In South Africa, Bold Investments Turn Trash into Treasure

    In South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province, investments made over the past 20 years have created a dump with a difference. Rather than being a blight on the neighborhood of Mariannhill, the state-of-the-art Mariannhill Landfill Conservancy is an asset.

    Dec 3, 2014

  • Report

    Report

    The international dimension of research and innovation cooperation addressing the grand challenges in the global context

    Horizon 2020, the EU's biggest research funding programme, allows the EU to play a central role in solving some of the world's grand societal challenges. This brief informs EU policy decisionmaking on research and innovation funding.

    Oct 23, 2014

  • World Bank staff share their definitions of "A Good Job"

    Commentary

    Solutions for Youth Employment: New Coalition Takes on Pervasive, Persistent Global Problem

    Youth unemployment is a pervasive and persistent worldwide scourge: 75 million youth are unemployed now and that rate is expected to rise. RAND joined the World Bank, Accenture, International Youth Foundation, and others to form Solutions for Youth Employment, a unique coalition that acts to increase youth opportunities for productive employment.

    Oct 17, 2014

  • A Syrian refugee and her newborn baby at a clinic in Ramtha, Jordan

    Commentary

    The Health Needs of Syrian Women in and Around the Za'atari Refugee Camp

    The Syrian conflict has been the main contributor to the largest refugee crisis since the 1994 Rwandan genocide—and the problem can be expected to get worse as the fighting continues. Small steps are being taken to meet the needs of women refugees but more needs to be done.

    Oct 13, 2014

  • Top row: Howard Shatz and Jeffrey Hiday; Bottom row: Sarah Weilant, Krishna Kumar, and Peter Glick

    Announcement

    RAND Joins Coalition to Tackle Youth Unemployment

    The RAND Corporation has joined the World Bank and other corporate and civil society leaders to establish Solutions for Youth Employment, a global coalition that acts to address the pervasive challenges of youth employment.

    Oct 9, 2014

  • Pardee RAND doctoral candidates Nelly Mejia and Crystal Huang with RAND senior economist Peter Glick

    Announcement

    RAND Joins Coalition to Tackle Youth Unemployment

    The RAND Corporation has joined the World Bank and other corporate and civil society leaders to establish Solutions for Youth Employment, a global coalition that acts to address the pervasive challenges of youth employment.

    Oct 9, 2014

  • Protestors demonstrate against a lack of housing outside provincial government buildings in central Cape Town, October 30, 2013

    Commentary

    How the Poor Can Take Charge to Improve Their Housing

    Public housing projects have been controversial for decades in countries around the world. But an informal settlement in Cape Town, South Africa, could serve as a guide for other countries experimenting with community-driven development, an alternative approach to public housing.

    Sep 19, 2014

  • A girl is tested for malaria at an MSF clinic in Tomping camp, where some 17,000 displaced people who fled their homes are being sheltered by the United Nations, in Juba, South Sudan

    Commentary

    Probing the Barriers to Conducting Clinical Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Developing clinical research in sub-Saharan Africa requires a more holistic approach that considers not only individuals and institutions concerned with clinical research but also the wider health and research systems in these countries.

    Sep 19, 2014

  • black doctor and microscope

    Project

    Exploring the Current State of Health Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

    While funding is the key problem, clinical researchers seeking to combat infectious diseases in sub-Saharan Africa cite the lack of policymaker understanding of the importance of their work as a major barrier, above lack of human resources and lack of infrastructure.

    Sep 19, 2014