Developing Countries

Featured

More than three-fourths of the world's population live in so-called developing countries: nations that may not have a stable economy, energy supply, or advanced technology, and whose population may lack access to jobs, food, water, education, health care, and housing. RAND takes a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the problems of international development and recommends policy solutions for global, national, and local economies.

Explore Developing Countries

  • Worker weaving fabric on loom in factory

    Report

    Human Resource Practices for Labor Inspectorates in Developing Countries

    This review highlights the state of knowledge about the conditions, competencies, and incentives needed for labor inspectors in developing countries to successfully carry out their work.

    Dec 15, 2014

  • The Mariannhill landfill site in Durban, South Africa

    Commentary

    In South Africa, Bold Investments Turn Trash into Treasure

    In South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province, investments made over the past 20 years have created a dump with a difference. Rather than being a blight on the neighborhood of Mariannhill, the state-of-the-art Mariannhill Landfill Conservancy is an asset.

    Dec 3, 2014

  • Report

    Report

    The international dimension of research and innovation cooperation addressing the grand challenges in the global context

    Horizon 2020, the EU's biggest research funding programme, allows the EU to play a central role in solving some of the world's grand societal challenges. This brief informs EU policy decisionmaking on research and innovation funding.

    Oct 23, 2014

  • World Bank staff share their definitions of

    Commentary

    Solutions for Youth Employment: New Coalition Takes on Pervasive, Persistent Global Problem

    Youth unemployment is a pervasive and persistent worldwide scourge: 75 million youth are unemployed now and that rate is expected to rise. RAND joined the World Bank, Accenture, International Youth Foundation, and others to form Solutions for Youth Employment, a unique coalition that acts to increase youth opportunities for productive employment.

    Oct 17, 2014

  • A Syrian refugee and her newborn baby at a clinic in Ramtha, Jordan

    Commentary

    The Health Needs of Syrian Women in and Around the Za'atari Refugee Camp

    The Syrian conflict has been the main contributor to the largest refugee crisis since the 1994 Rwandan genocide—and the problem can be expected to get worse as the fighting continues. Small steps are being taken to meet the needs of women refugees but more needs to be done.

    Oct 13, 2014

  • Pardee RAND doctoral candidates Nelly Mejia and Crystal Huang with RAND senior economist Peter Glick

    Announcement

    RAND Joins Coalition to Tackle Youth Unemployment

    The RAND Corporation has joined the World Bank and other corporate and civil society leaders to establish Solutions for Youth Employment, a global coalition that acts to address the pervasive challenges of youth employment.

    Oct 9, 2014

  • Top row: Howard Shatz and Jeffrey Hiday; Bottom row: Sarah Weilant, Krishna Kumar, and Peter Glick

    Announcement

    RAND Joins Coalition to Tackle Youth Unemployment

    The RAND Corporation has joined the World Bank and other corporate and civil society leaders to establish Solutions for Youth Employment, a global coalition that acts to address the pervasive challenges of youth employment.

    Oct 9, 2014

  • black doctor and microscope

    Project

    Exploring the Current State of Health Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

    While funding is the key problem, clinical researchers seeking to combat infectious diseases in sub-Saharan Africa cite the lack of policymaker understanding of the importance of their work as a major barrier, above lack of human resources and lack of infrastructure.

    Sep 19, 2014

  • Protestors demonstrate against a lack of housing outside provincial government buildings in central Cape Town, October 30, 2013

    Commentary

    How the Poor Can Take Charge to Improve Their Housing

    Public housing projects have been controversial for decades in countries around the world. But an informal settlement in Cape Town, South Africa, could serve as a guide for other countries experimenting with community-driven development, an alternative approach to public housing.

    Sep 19, 2014

  • A girl is tested for malaria at an MSF clinic in Tomping camp, where some 17,000 displaced people who fled their homes are being sheltered by the United Nations, in Juba, South Sudan

    Commentary

    Probing the Barriers to Conducting Clinical Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Developing clinical research in sub-Saharan Africa requires a more holistic approach that considers not only individuals and institutions concerned with clinical research but also the wider health and research systems in these countries.

    Sep 19, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Africa Mapping: Current State of Health Research on Poverty-Related and Neglected Infectious Diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This report reviews the current state of health research, the funding landscape and research capacity in the field of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), malaria, neglected infectious diseases (NIDs), and health systems in sub-Saharan Africa.

    Sep 19, 2014

  • scientist in lab

    Project

    Evaluating the Wellcome Trust's African Institutions Initiative

    An evaluation of the Wellcome Trust's African Institutions Initiative (AII) indicates several successes while making recommendations for the future. The AII funds consortia to build sustainable, independent health research capacity at African universities and research organisations, to promote research collaboration and to train individuals for research careers in Africa.

    Sep 12, 2014

  • Report

    Report

    The African Institutions Initiative: Insights from the First Four Years

    This report presents the findings and recommendations from the evaluation of the first four years of the African Institutions Initiative, a Wellcome Trust funded programme to build sustainable health research capacity.

    Sep 12, 2014

  • Youth leaders for the NGO Jatan Sansthan's youth program

    Commentary

    Women's Menstrual Hygiene in India: The Health and Environmental Implications

    According to India's 2011 census, 89 percent of the nation's rural population lives in households that lack toilets. This absence of proper sanitation presents public health challenges and affects Indian women disproportionately.

    Aug 22, 2014

  • News Release

    News Release

    Economic Development Not the Only Influence on Personal Car Use

    Although countries with high levels of economic development generally have more personal automobile travel than less-affluent nations, income is not the only factor that determines a nation's demand for cars.

    Jul 18, 2014

  • Stop sign in Russia

    Research Brief

    Driving in the Future in Developing Countries

    Automobility -- travel in personal vehicles -- varies between countries. This brief summarizes a study of the factors besides economic development that affect automobility and how automobility might evolve in developing countries.

    Jul 15, 2014

  • Mototransport (bicycle cars) in New Delhi, India

    Report

    Exploring the Future of Driving in Developing Countries

    The level of automobility, or travel in personal vehicles, varies among countries. By determining the factors besides economic development that have affected automobility in developed countries, researchers can predict how automobility might evolve in developing countries.

    Jul 15, 2014

  • South African men create a sandbag building for EcoSteps

    Commentary

    Could Alternatives Ease the Misery of South Africa's Housing Crisis?

    The government's plan to replace cardboard shacks with cement houses may not be the only route to easing South Africa's housing woes. Increasingly, academic researchers, non-governmental organizations, and private companies are demonstrating pragmatic, low-cost, alternatives.

    Jul 10, 2014

  • U.S. Vice President Joe Biden meets students at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) campus at Powai in Mumbai

    Commentary

    Four Approaches to Improve Higher Education in India Through Policies

    In India, university enrolment has grown from 10 to 23 million from 2000 to 2013, and so has interest in improving access and quality. A review of research on higher-education policies on affirmative action, financial aid, private education, and vocational education identifies gaps in research on improving access and quality.

    Jun 12, 2014

  • Congolese woman

    Commentary

    First Steps Toward Addressing DR Congo's Rape Crisis

    An effort to address atrocities against women in the Democratic Republic of Congo has fallen short of advocates' hopes for justice. With its focus on criminal prosecution, the strategy failed to consider the weak infrastructure of the judicial system, left victims' needs unmet, and did little to address prevention.

    Jun 11, 2014