Education and Literacy

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RAND research on early childhood, K-12, and higher education covers issues such as assessment and accountability, choice-based and standards-based reform, school leadership, teacher effectiveness, technology, and vocational training. RAND also explores life skills, such as media, health, and financial literacy, as well as how time spent outside the classroom impacts student outcomes.

  • Report

    Using Artificial Intelligence Tools in K–12 Classrooms

    How is AI beginning to affect teaching and learning in K–12 public schools? Teachers reported how they use AI tools in their practices, and district leaders reported whether and how they are providing policies, guidance, and training on the use of AI tools.

    Apr 17, 2024

  • Report

    Summer School Can Only Help with Pandemic Recovery If Students Enroll

    Eighty-one percent of U.S. school districts offered summer programs in 2023, typically to both elementary and secondary grades. But less than half of eligible students enrolled. And summer 2024 programming is expected to shrink in districts that foresee funding decreases.

    May 14, 2024

Explore Education and Literacy

  • Report

    Report

    Readiness to Implement Evidence-Based Practices in Public Elementary Schools: Findings from a National Survey of Teachers

    Using survey data from a nationally representative panel of 1,065 public elementary school teachers, the authors of this report examined teachers' perspectives on their readiness to implement evidence-based practices at their schools.

    Mar 23, 2022

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Peer Assisted Learning Strategies - UK: Evaluation Report

    Peer Assisted Learning Strategies UK (PALS-UK) is a whole-class, structured peer tutoring intervention aiming to improve pupils' reading comprehension, oral reading fluency, and overall reading attainment.

    Mar 15, 2022

  • Attendees argue at Portland Public Schools meeting held to discuss a proposed COVID-19 vaccine mandate, in Portland, Oregon, October 26, 2021, photo by Sergio Olmos/Reuters

    Commentary

    What Is Really Polarizing Schools Right Now?

    Political polarization that rises to the level of interfering with schooling isn't simply a headache; it's a fundamental problem for public education. When there is deep disagreement over the essentials—what schools teach, how they keep children safe—schools are at risk of becoming ungovernable.

    Mar 14, 2022

  • Black elementary school teacher and her students wear protective face mask in classroom due to coronavirus pandemic, photo by drazen_zigic/AdobeStock

    Brochure

    The American Educator Panels: Taking the Pulse of America's Educators

    This brochure describes the American Educator Panels -- innovative online survey tools that provide unique sources of accurate information about educators' knowledge, attitudes, practices, and working conditions.

    Mar 14, 2022

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: March-April 2022

    The cover story describes a yearlong study of a group of military veterans experiencing homelessness in Los Angeles. Other features examine the global digital skills gap and the magnitude and sources of disagreement among gun policy experts.

    Mar 10, 2022

  • Black female teacher and schoolboy wearing face masks while using digital tablet during a class in the classroom, photo by Drazen Zigic/Getty Images

    Commentary

    'Grow Your Own' Prep Programs Can Improve Diversity of the Teaching Workforce

    Black and Hispanic educators are much more likely than white educators to say they plan to leave the profession, threatening to exacerbate an already overwhelming lack of diversity. Local, “grow your own” alternative teacher preparation programs can help to strengthen the diversity of the teaching workforce, as well as enable districts to address broader staffing challenges.

    Mar 9, 2022

  • Teenage student getting help from her parent during remote school, photo by Imgorthand/Getty Images

    Report

    Educating Students with Disabilities: Lessons from the Pandemic

    A survey of U.S. educators sheds light on the obstacles that teachers and principals faced—even before the pandemic—that make supporting students with disabilities especially challenging in the COVID-19 era.

    Mar 3, 2022

  • U.S. President Joe Biden delivers the State of the Union address at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C., March 1, 2022, photo by Saul Loeb/Pool via Reuters

    Blog

    State of the Union 2022: Russia's Invasion of Ukraine and Domestic Policy

    In his first State of the Union address, President Joe Biden rebuked Russia for its invasion of Ukraine, aimed to turn a page on the pandemic, and covered a wide range of domestic issues, including mental health care, prescription drug prices, and supporting veterans.

    Mar 2, 2022

  • Thank you in many languages, photo by aaabbc/Adobe Stock

    Research Brief

    Talking business: How increasing languages education in the UK could benefit the economy

    Findings show that investing in languages education in UK secondary schools will return more than the investment cost. The benefit-to-cost ratio is about 2:1, meaning that every £1 spent on extra language provision could return £2 for the economy.

    Mar 2, 2022

  • Maj. Gen. Don Dunbar, Wisconsin's adjutant general, addresses the crowd as the keynote speaker during the Challenge Academy's June 16 graduation ceremony

    Report

    Developing Outcome Measures for the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program

    The National Guard Youth ChalleNGe is a residential program for youth experiencing difficulties in traditional high school. This capstone report describes some of RAND's research and analyses on the ChalleNGe program from late 2017 through mid-2020.

    Mar 2, 2022

  • Illustrated graph shows how Costa Rica could reach net-zero emissions by 2050 under its National Decarbonization Plan. Achieving net-zero emissions is estimated to create a net economic benefit of $40.9 billion, visualization by Gabrielle Mérite

    Project

    Costa Rica's Carbon-Neutral Future

    In her final piece for RAND Art + Data, Gabrielle Mérite brings one country's vision for a carbon-neutral future to life. Her designs are based on RAND research that analyzed the potential outcomes of Costa Rica's National Decarbonization Plan.

    Feb 23, 2022

  • Brochure

    Brochure

    Spotlight 2021–2022

    Spotlight 2021-2022 highlights selected RAND Europe projects that address the important issues of our time. It also features research that is poised to make a difference in the coming year.

    Feb 23, 2022

  • Map of Europe in decay, illustration by ermess/Adobe Stock

    Report

    Truth Decay in Europe

    Truth Decay, the diminishing role of facts in public life, is less prevalent across Europe than it is in the United States. What actions can be taken now to stop Truth Decay from spreading further—and potentially prevent its serious consequences?

    Feb 23, 2022

  • Students hold signs inside the Kentucky Capitol Rotunda in opposition to bills Kentucky lawmakers say would eradicate critical race theory from state schools, January 12, 2022, photo by Alton Strupp/USA Today via Reuters

    Report

    Anti-Bias Education in U.S. Public Schools

    Teaching students explicitly about issues of identity, diversity, equity, and bias can lead to positive outcomes. Nearly three in four K–12 teachers reported that they provide such anti-bias instruction, but more than half said that their school's or district's curriculum materials did not adequately address anti-bias topics.

    Feb 22, 2022

  • Thank you in many languages, photo by aaabbc/Adobe Stock

    Report

    Investment in Languages Education Could Return Double for UK Economy

    Languages play a significant role in international trade, and not sharing a common language acts as a non-tariff trade barrier. Benefit-to-cost ratios for increasing Arabic, Mandarin, French, or Spanish education in the UK are estimated to be at least 2:1, meaning that spending £1 could return £2.

    Feb 21, 2022

  • Students leave Washington-Liberty High School in Arlington County, one of several school districts that sued to stop the mask-optional order by Governor Glenn Youngkin, in Arlington, Virginia, January 25, 2022, photo by Evelyn Hockstein/Reuters

    Commentary

    Finding Teachers and Bus Drivers Is a Big Problem, but a Different Staffing Challenge Is Looming in School Districts

    The majority of school districts report they don't have enough staff to hire, particularly substitutes, bus drivers, and special education teachers. A recent survey also revealed a major challenge for the superintendency. Only half of superintendents said they were likely to stay in their jobs for the long term.

    Feb 17, 2022

  • Report

    Report

    Evaluation of the Minnesota Department of Correction's Career Navigators Program: Final Report

    The authors conducted an independent process and outcomes evaluation of the Minnesota Department of Corrections' Career Navigators program, which aimed to help people with educational and career opportunities before and after being incarcerated.

    Feb 15, 2022

  • A parent of two students works as a substitute teacher at the Austin Jewish Academy as the spread of the Omicron variant leads to teacher shortages in Austin, Texas, January 20, 2022, photo by Callaghan O'Hare/Reuters

    Report

    School Staffing Challenges in the Pandemic's Third Year

    As of fall 2021, school staff shortages were most acute for substitutes, bus drivers, special education teachers, and paraprofessionals. The turnover of superintendents was normal but half of them said that they might leave in the next few years or were unsure of how long they would stay.

    Feb 15, 2022

  • Visualization

    Visualization

    American School District Panel Interactive Survey Results Tool: Fall 2021 COVID-19 Survey Results

    This tool allows users to compare district leaders' responses to each question in the fall 2021 survey. Charts display results for all respondents and by district type, locale, student race/ethnicity, and district poverty level.

    Feb 8, 2022

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Validity Evidence Supporting Use of Anchoring Vignettes to Measure Teaching Practice

    This paper addresses two potential drawbacks of survey self-report measures: variation in teachers' interpretation of response scales and their interpretation of survey questions.

    Feb 8, 2022