Education Curriculum


The set of courses that a school, university, or other educational institution offers—and, at times, requires for graduation—constitutes its curriculum; these courses may be determined at the school or district level, but more frequently they are influenced by educational legislation and policy. RAND has investigated and advised policymakers on curriculum development in schools worldwide, including helping to redesign the entire curriculum for Qatar's K-12 schools and universities.

  • High school students with hands raised during lesson in classroom, photo by Chris Ryan/KOTO/AdobeStock


    How Teachers Use Civics Instructional Materials

    Jul 13, 2020

    Teachers' instructional materials provide a window into civic education in schools. Where are public-school social studies teachers getting most of their instructional materials? And how are they using these materials to teach civics?

  • Oakes McClenahan, 7, watches his teacher's recorded lesson on a computer at home, Seattle, Washington, March 27, 2020, photo by Jason Redmond/Reuters


    How Are Educators Teaching and Leading Through the Pandemic?

    Jun 22, 2020

    U.S. teachers and principals shifted quickly to support students with distance learning during the early weeks of the coronavirus crisis. But unfortunately, the pandemic is likely to make existing inequalities worse.

Explore Education Curriculum

  • Jennifer Panditaratne helps Hazeline with her reading assignments as she is homeschooling in Broward County, Florida, U.S. May 29, 2020. Picture taken May 29, 2020, photo by Maria Alejandra Cardona/Reuters


    Parents Need Help During School and Child Care Center Closures

    The COVID-19 pandemic has been particularly challenging for parents since schools and child care centers closed or switched to distance learning in the spring. Parents with children in different age groups and those under financial stress need the most support.

    Jul 27, 2020

  • Report


    Career Guidance in Schools: Research with schools and providers of career guidance services in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough

    This report examines the provision of career guidance in schools and colleges in the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough region.

    Jul 21, 2020

  • An American flag puzzle with a firearm overlay, design by Rick Penn-Kraus/RAND Corporation from images by dusica69 and lnm/Adobe Stock


    Gun Policy Research for High School Students

    When RAND's Gun Policy in America initiative released its first set of research tools in 2018, high school teachers reported that their students were keenly interested. This new unit plan, recommended for grades 10 to 12, is designed to help educators and students understand gun policy research.

    Jun 11, 2020

  • Boston Public School teacher Princess Bryant teaches her kindergarten class via videoconference from her apartment in Boston, Massachusetts, April 28, 2020, photo by Brian Snyder/Reuters


    Now That Digital Materials Are Front and Center, How Should They Be Used?

    Schools and teachers can support student learning during the COVID-19 crisis by considering how to keep curricula front and center alongside a set of targeted digital materials that connect with curricula and can keep students learning, engaged, and connected to their school support systems.

    May 4, 2020

  • A teacher at a desk with a tablet and a laptop, photo by FluxFactory/Getty Images


    What Digital Materials Do Teachers Use?

    Digital materials for lesson planning and instruction are becoming an increasingly important resource for teachers. A survey of English language arts, mathematics, and science teachers across the United States provides insights on which materials they use and what they consider barriers to use.

    Apr 16, 2020

  • A teacher pointing to a textbook helping a student, photo by monkeybusinessimages/Getty Images


    Teachers Need Access to High-Quality Materials

    When asked about their instructional materials, U.S. mathematics teachers were more likely to report regular use of at least one high-quality material compared to English-language arts teachers, although high school teachers did so less than their elementary or middle school counterparts. More open-access online materials could help.

    Apr 15, 2020

  • Blog

    Hospitals' Critical Care Capacity, Unemployment Insurance, Farmworkers: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on how hospitals can increase critical care capacity, reforming the U.S. unemployment system, supporting farmworkers, and more.

    Apr 10, 2020

  • Chrissy Brackett and grandson Caidence Miller learn to navigate an online learning system at her home in Woodinville, Washington, March 11, 2020, photo by Lindsey Wasson/Reuters


    Schools Pivot Online in Wake of COVID-19: Q&A with RAND Experts

    Nearly all school-age children in the United States are no longer in the classroom as districts shut down to reduce the spread of the new coronavirus. RAND education researchers discuss how this situation might exacerbate educational inequities, how districts and teachers are innovating and what they need, and what parents can do.

    Apr 2, 2020

  • Boy wearing headphones while using laptop during homework at home


    The Impact of COVID-19 on the U.S. Education System

    In this Call with the Experts podcast, in response to the COVID-19 crisis RAND experts discuss K–12 education issues, potential income-based gaps, social and emotional learning matters, and resources for students and parents. The experts also consider actions that can be taken to facilitate learning while meeting social distancing goals.

    Mar 31, 2020

  • Two adolescent girls at school with a teacher standing nearby, photo by eric/Adobe Stock


    How Teachers Use Intervention Programs

    Academic intervention programs support students who are performing below grade level. When asked about their use of these programs, U.S. teachers were more likely to report using them in English language arts than in mathematics. Teachers also reported using a wide variety of interventions.

    Mar 19, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Using Workforce Data to Plan Higher Education Degree Programs

    In this chapter, we summarize some findings and lessons from a series of projects for the state of Texas to help improve the alignment of higher education degree programs and workforce needs.

    Feb 12, 2020

  • Report


    The Big Lift Descriptive Analyses: Progress Across Three Kindergarten Classes

    In this report, the authors present results describing early learning outcomes of children from three kindergarten classes who were eligible to participate in The Big Lift, a preschool-third-grade initiative that aims to boost reading proficiency.

    Jan 13, 2020

  • An apple sits on a stack of booklets on a teacher's desk


    Two Innovative Tools to "Take the Pulse" of America's Educators

    This brochure describes the American Educator Panels—two innovative online survey tools that provide unique sources of accurate information about educators' knowledge, attitudes, practices, and working conditions

    Dec 18, 2019

  • Louisiana has received attention for new education policies and promising early results. This video describes Louisiana's approach to improving student outcomes since 2012 and summarizes potential policy implementation challenges.


    Raising the Bar: Louisiana's Strategies for Improving Student Outcomes

    Louisiana has received recent attention for some of its new education policies and promising early results. This video provides an in-depth description of Louisiana's approach to improving student outcomes since 2012.

    Dec 4, 2019

  • Elementary school teacher helping pupils as they work at desk in classroom, photo by Monkey Business/AdobeStock


    Teacher Perspectives on Social and Emotional Learning in Massachusetts

    Teachers are largely responsible for implementing social and emotional learning (SEL) programs and policies. How do teachers in Massachusetts feel about the importance of SEL? And what are their opinions on approaches to and support for SEL instruction?

    Oct 2, 2019

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Distinctions Without a Difference? Preschool Curricula and Children's Development

    This study is an examination of preschool curricula and their associations with preschool classroom environments and children's academic and social-emotional development using five samples of low-income children attending public preschool programs.

    Sep 19, 2019

  • Close up of pre-teen friends in a park smiling to camera, photo by Monkey Business/AdobeStock


    The RAND Center for Social and Emotional Learning Research

    This product outlines the programs of the RAND Center for Social and Emotional Learning.

    Sep 16, 2019

  • Children looking down at the camera, photo by FatCamera/Getty Images


    Back to School Means Back to SEL for America's Teachers and Principals

    Schools are increasingly adopting programs and practices to build social and emotional learning (SEL) skills. Policymakers can benefit from understanding the educator perspective: how they feel about SEL, what they're doing to promote it, and what resources they need.

    Sep 4, 2019

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Advancing STEM-Based Business Sustainability: Mending the Curricular Gap

    Businesses are increasingly facing economic, social, and environmental sustainability challenges. This article discusses STEM-based business sustainability curricula to help educators prepare students.

    Jul 3, 2019