Educational Administration

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Educational administration refers to a range of professionals—from supervisors, program administrators, and principals to deans, department heads, and chief academic officers—as well as organizations formed to administer school functions. RAND studies have focused on topics such as private-sector management of public schools and improving educational leadership to accelerate student achievement.

  • A principal meeting with teachers, photo by Claire Holt/The Wallace Foundation

    Report

    Principal Pipelines Benefit Students and Reduce Principal Turnover

    Apr 8, 2019

    Six urban districts implemented principal pipelines, a strategic approach to the hiring, preparation, evaluation, and support of school leaders. The efforts were feasible, affordable, and effective. The schools not only outperformed comparison schools in both math and reading, but they also improved principal retention.

  • Two female teachers timetable and lesson planning, photo by SolStock/Getty Images

    Report

    School Leadership: Teachers and Principals May Have Different Views

    Mar 14, 2019

    Principals almost universally rate themselves as effective in leadership practices such as communicating a clear vision for the school and setting high standards for teaching. Some teachers rate principals lower, and this mismatch in perception could have negative consequences.

Explore Educational Administration

  • A teacher holding a tablet and talking to a student, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Report

    Do Teachers Have What They Need to Support Students with Unique Learning Profiles?

    Many students face unique educational circumstances, such as learning disabilities, housing instability, and exposure to poverty. Do teachers have what they need to help these students succeed?

    Jul 11, 2019

  • Jessica Coley, a principal-in-training in Prince George's County, Md., stands by some student project work in her school, photo by Karen Sayre

    Essay

    Investing in Principals Helps Students Succeed

    Hiring good principals is one of the most important things a district can do for its students, second only to hiring good teachers. Students whose schools participated in a principal pipeline initiative outperformed their peers by six percentage points on reading tests and nearly three points in math.

    Jul 5, 2019

  • Periodical

    RAND Review: July-August 2019

    This issue spotlights a strategy to reduce roadway deaths to zero; a school principal initiative that yielded positive results for schools and students; and a data-driven effort to enhance equity in a major U.S. city.

    Jul 1, 2019

  • Multimedia

    Principal Pipelines: A Feasible, Affordable, and Effective Way to Improve Schools

    A recent RAND report found that implementing “principal pipelines”—a strategic approach to the hiring, preparation, evaluation, and support of school leaders—can improve schools. In this congressional briefing, Susan Gates discusses the feasibility, effectiveness, and affordability of principal pipelines.

    Jun 17, 2019

  • A row of lockers in a high school, photo by Monkey Business Images/Getty Images

    Report

    Secondary Educators Consider Discipline Reform a Priority

    One quarter of principals and 31 percent of teachers surveyed identified discipline reform as one of the top three most important interventions needed in their secondary schools. And those in high-poverty schools were more likely than those in low-poverty schools to do so.

    Jun 13, 2019

  • A group of elementary school children wearing athletic clothing, photo by FatCamera/Getty Images

    Report

    Teacher and Principal Perspectives on Social and Emotional Learning in America's Schools: Findings from the American Educator Panels

    This report presents findings from surveys of nationally representative samples of teachers and principals who responded to questions addressing their beliefs about social and emotional learning in schools and the practices they implemented.

    May 30, 2019

  • Elementary students holding hands and running, photo by monkeybusinessimages/Getty Images

    Research Brief

    Support for Social and Emotional Learning Is Widespread

    Most U.S. educators believe that social and emotional learning (SEL) improves student outcomes and school climate. They agree that students should develop and apply skills like managing emotions and setting and achieving positive goals. But teachers tend to assign greater importance to SEL skills than principals.

    May 30, 2019

  • Principal and teachers in a staff meeting, photo by asiseeit/Getty Images

    Report

    Principals Are More Optimistic Than Teachers About School Improvement Plans

    School improvement plans have been a central feature of American school reform for over two decades. Most educators are familiar with these plans, but principals are more likely than teachers to believe that they change teaching practices and improve schools in a five-year period.

    May 16, 2019

  • Teachers talking in a classroom, photo by SolStock/Getty Images

    Report

    How Educators View the Rapid Life Cycle of School Reforms

    Researchers and educators have noted the emergence of a school reform "churn." New initiatives and programs are adopted, only to be dropped when the next popular reform emerges. How do principals and teachers perceive continuity in the programs at their schools?

    Apr 11, 2019

  • News Release

    Principal Pipelines Benefit Students, Reduce Principal Turnover

    Districts can improve schools—including boosting student achievement in reading and math—by better preparing, selecting, evaluating, and supporting principals.

    Apr 8, 2019

  • High school principal talks with students outside at school, photo by asiseeit/Getty Images

    Commentary

    For Teachers, a Good Boss Makes All the Difference

    Districts that try to place an effective leader in every school could reap educational benefits in the classroom. Giving a teacher a good boss also could be a powerful element in a broader strategy to recruit and retain highly effective educators.

    Apr 4, 2019

  • An apple sits on a stack of booklets on a teacher's desk

    Brochure

    Two Innovative Tools to "Take the Pulse" of America's Educators

    This brochure describes the American Educator Panels—two innovative online survey tools that provide unique sources of accurate information about educators' knowledge, attitudes, practices, and working conditions

    Mar 18, 2019

  • A mature African-American woman in her 40s standing outside a school building with a group of children carrying backpacks, photo by kali9/Getty Images

    Report

    Preparing School Leaders for Success

    The New Leaders program offers rigorous, research-based training for aspiring principals. Students in K-8 schools led by New Leaders principals outperformed students in K-8 schools led by other new principals in test scores and attendance rates. Both participants and district partners expressed favorable views of the program.

    Feb 25, 2019

  • A teacher trying to resolve a conflict between two elementary students

    Report

    Are Educators Setting Goals for Social-Emotional Learning?

    Evidence shows that social and emotional skills predict long-term life outcomes of students. Interventions that improve social and emotional learning (SEL) can also boost academic achievement. Many teachers and principals are setting goals for SEL growth in their schools, but 40 percent of them are not.

    Jan 16, 2019

  • Journal Article

    Novice School Principals Constructing Their Role Vis-A-Vis External Stakeholders: (Not) Attempting to Be "All Things to All People"

    This study examines how novice school principals make sense of different external stakeholders' demands and their own role in relation to external stakeholders during their first year on the job.

    Jan 10, 2019

  • Report

    AEP Data Note Technical Appendix

    This technical appendix provides additional information about the sample, data, and estimation strategy that were used for a series of AEP Data Notes published by the RAND Corporation in 2018 and 2019.

    Dec 12, 2018

  • Teachers standing in hallway filled with students

    Report

    How Much Influence Do Teachers Have? It Depends on Whom You Ask

    Are teachers involved in making important decisions in their schools? A nationally representative survey shows that principals are more likely than teachers to say yes. Such gaps between teachers and school leaders signal a disconnect that may lead to professional stagnation and frustration.

    Dec 12, 2018

  • Girls looking at a plant jar in a garden

    Report

    How to Establish and Sustain Effective Summer Learning Programs

    High-quality summer learning programs improve the academic, social, and emotional outcomes of low-income students, but several components are needed to make a program successful. New guidance on best practices can help districts and their community partners implement and operate effective summer programs.

    Nov 4, 2018