Employment and Unemployment

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An individual's education, age, and health status may present barriers or opportunities to employability, just as a region's economy, tax base, and number of immigrants and emigrants may affect job availability. RAND research examines the impact of a range of policies and forces—personal, regional, and global—on employment and unemployment.

  • Doug Hassebroek eats breakfast while on a video conference call at his home in Brooklyn, April 24, 2020, photo by Caitlin Ochs/Reuters

    Report

    COVID-19 and the Changing Nature of Work

    Jun 18, 2020

    Between February and May, one in six U.S. workers lost their jobs. Most were either laid off or unable to work because of coronavirus restrictions. The ability to telecommute protected against job loss. But of course not all jobs are conducive to telecommuting.

  • Women at Azhar Park in Cairo, Egypt, October 2008, photo by Claudia Wiens/Alamy

    Report

    Women in Egypt Face Barriers to Employment

    Apr 21, 2020

    Large gains in educational attainment among women in Egypt have not been matched with gains in the workplace. Obstacles preventing them from securing employment include tensions between work and family responsibilities, lack of mobility, wage gaps, and fear of sexual harassment.

Explore Employment and Unemployment

  • Demonstrators march in the Occupy LA protest through downtown Los Angeles to City Hall on October 15, 2011

    Commentary

    Fixing Inequality of Opportunity

    Research has fueled concerns about how income inequality drives inequality of opportunity. Commonsense approaches such as improvements in education and access to quality health care have been shown to provide young people with better opportunities.

    Jul 6, 2016

  • Young people waiting for a job interview

    Commentary

    Young Workers Without College Degrees Face Uncomfortable Truths

    Young Americans without a college education suffer from high unemployment, low earnings, and delayed adulthood with a limited ability to buy a home. To help them, policymakers need to remind themselves that workforce training and labor policy must focus on the technology-driven jobs of tomorrow.

    Jun 23, 2016

  • Graduates wearing caps and gowns

    Commentary

    Making the 'Gap Year' More Inclusive and Purposeful

    High schools and universities should work together, with the support of policymakers, to develop programs that would provide a wider spectrum of U.S. students with the opportunity to take a purposeful gap year—and enter college with some real-world adult experience behind them.

    May 19, 2016

  • Young mother working with her baby

    Commentary

    What Is Being Done in Europe to Get Mothers Back to Work?

    Helping mothers get back to work has many benefits. It supports women's economic independence, helps reduce the gender pay gap, and boosts the economy. Perhaps most importantly, it could keep more children out of poverty.

    Apr 26, 2016

  • Children showing their painted hands

    Report

    The Role of the European Social Fund in Supporting Childcare

    Formal childcare has many benefits for young children and can also help parents return to work. The European Social Fund can help create programs for parents to engage in education, training, and employment while providing childcare services for their children.

    Apr 25, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Pilot Projects Under the Call for Proposals 'Supporting the Demand and Supply Side of the Market for Social Enterprise Finance': Final Report

    The objective of the call was to identify, develop, promote and disseminate the good practice of national, regional or local governments and of financial intermediaries in assisting young social entrepreneurs at times of high youth unemployment.

    Apr 18, 2016

  • A man welding outdoors in Jakarta, Indonesia

    Journal Article

    Rethinking Indonesia's Informal Sector

    Indonesia's informal labor sector accounts for a significant portion of total economic activity. New data shows most informal firms in Indonesia are small, relatively unproductive, and do not want to expand or pay taxes.

    Apr 18, 2016

  • Research Brief

    Employment Assistance for Reserve Component Members

    RAND researchers reviewed previous research, conducted informational discussions with employment program managers, and identified ways to improve efforts to provide federal job placement and related employment services for reserve component members.

    Mar 24, 2016

  • News Release

    Examining Wages, Employment and STEM Education at County Level for the Appalachia Partnership Initiative

    The first-ever county-level examination of wages and employment for workers with STEM training sets a baseline that will help measure the ongoing success of the Appalachia Partnership Initiative's efforts to support long-term economic growth in the region by preparing K-12 students and local workers for jobs in the energy and advanced manufacturing sectors.

    Mar 16, 2016

  • Two engineers check the status of equipment in a manufacturing facility

    Report

    Wages, Employment, and STEM Education in Appalachia

    The first county-level examination of wages and employment for workers in the Appalachia region with STEM training sets a baseline that will help measure the ongoing success of the Appalachia Partnership Initiative's efforts to prepare K-12 students and local workers for jobs in the energy and advanced manufacturing sectors.

    Mar 9, 2016

  • Dissertation

    Analyzing Reduced Teenage Employment, 2000-2013

    Builds a teenage labor market model and presents evidence regarding five different hypotheses for the decline in employment of 16-19 year olds from 2000 to 2013.

    Feb 19, 2016

  • Dissertation

    Helping Districts Hire Better Teachers: A Case Study Evaluating the Effectiveness of a District's Teacher Hiring Practices

    Uses a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods to analyze teacher hiring practices.

    Feb 17, 2016

  • Cover of Spotlight on 2015, the RAND Europe annual review

    Brochure

    Spotlight on 2015

    RAND Europe's annual review, Spotlight on 2015, illustrates how our work helps to improve people's lives through policymaking based on objective research and rigorous analysis.

    Jan 26, 2016

  • French President Francois Hollande, British Prime Minister David Cameron, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel talking at an EU leaders summit in Brussels, December 17, 2015

    Commentary

    Why Access to In-Work Benefits Is a Hard Nut to Crack in the UK's EU Negotiations

    Likely opposition from EU member states and a lack of evidence over EU migrants coming to the UK to access benefits could put Prime Minister Cameron in a difficult negotiating position in seeking to change the rules on welfare benefits.

    Jan 25, 2016

  • A laborer lifts a basket of crushed bricks at a construction site in Dhaka, Bangladesh, May 22, 2014

    Commentary

    What to Do About Informal Employment in Developing Countries

    The staying power of informal employment in developing countries is a concern, because informal employees (e.g., day laborers) tend to receive lower wages, fewer benefits, and fewer legal protections. How can policymakers improve conditions for informal workers?

    Jan 22, 2016

  • Report

    Evaluation of the Military Spouse Employment Partnership: Progress Report on First Stage of Analysis

    This first of two reports documents the first phase of RAND research to assess the Military Spouse Employment Partnership's progress in supporting military spouse employment and closing the wage gap between military and civilian spouses.

    Dec 28, 2015

  • Morning commuters arrive and depart from Paddington Railway Station in London

    Commentary

    What Are the Facts About EU Migration to the UK?

    Discussions about European migration taking place during the EU Summit this week could benefit from the facts: that the actual number of EU migrants in the UK is considerably smaller than popular perception, and those that are in the UK have higher employment levels than UK nationals.

    Dec 18, 2015

  • A young man in a hard hat on a worksite

    Project

    Preparing Local Talent for Jobs in the Emerging Energy Sector

    RAND is conducting a multi-method study of the ShaleNET Program, a partnership between energy employers and colleges in Ohio, Pennsylvania and West-Virginia. The program provides sub-baccalaureate training programs for semi-skilled STEM jobs in the energy sector.

    Dec 7, 2015

  • Jerome Boone shakes hands with members of the audience after graduating from a computer coding program at San Quentin State Prison in California, April 20, 2015

    Content

    The Impact of Correctional Education

    Policymakers are considering how to reduce mass incarceration in the United States. Correctional education programs can help reduce recidivism and improve post-release employment outcomes. This saves taxpayers money.

    Nov 10, 2015

  • Washington Tower, also known as the Pentagon City Tower, in the Pentagon City neighborhood of Arlington County, Virginia

    Announcement

    RAND Named One of 50 Greatest Places to Work by Washingtonian

    Washingtonian's biannual feature honors organizations that are recognized — by their employees — for excellent pay and benefits, challenging and interesting work, work/life balance, opportunities to learn and grow, commitment to charity and community, and the recognition and respect given to staff.

    Oct 26, 2015

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