Functional Status

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Social Functioning: Family and Marital Functioning Measures

    Social functioning is a broad and a general concept defined in terms of limitations in social activities, sexual functioning, and family functioning, discussed in this chapter.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Summary and Discussion of MOS Measures

    The MOS measures reflect the influence and contributions of many other investigators in the field of health assessment. The measures are based most directly on the health measures developed for the RAND Health Insurance Experiment (HIE), which in turn were based on the work of many others.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Methods of Sampling

    This chapter discusses sampling goals and methods. An important feature of the MOS sampling strategy was the selection of patients for follow-up according to the tracer conditions: hypertension, diabetes, depression, and heart disease.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Developing and Testing the MOS 20-Item Short-Form Health Survey: A General Population Application

    The MOS tested a short-form survey instrument that provides a solution to the problem faced by many investigators who must restrict survey length. The instrument is designed to reduce respondent burden while achieving minimum standards of precision for purposes of group comparisons involving multiple health dimensions.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)

    The content and features of the SF-36 are compared with the 10-item Medical Outcomes Study short-form.

    Jan 1, 1992

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    Journal Article

    Pain Measures

    The MOS focused on two basic dimensions of pain: severity in terms of intensity, frequency, and duration, and behavioral/mood effects. A 12-item battery of pain items was constructed.

    Jan 1, 1992

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    Journal Article

    Physical/psychophysiologic Symptoms Measure

    The focus in this chapter is on the development of a measure of general physical and psychophysiologic symptoms.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Preliminary Tests of a 6-Item General Health Survey: A Patient Application

    This chapter presents a description of the survey instrument designed to measure the six health concepts selected by MOS (physical, social, role functioning, bodily pain, mental health under psychological distress, and general health perceptions) using a single-item measure for each.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Psychological Distress/Well-Being and Cognitive Functioning Measures

    In the assessment of psychological distress and well-being, long considered a primary indicator of mental health, two historic issues, affective vs. somatic symptoms and negative vs. positive emotions, have already been resolved.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Role Functioning Measures

    In the MOS, the authors sought to improve the validity of role functioning measures by separately defining and assessing role limitations due to physical and emotional problems.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Social Functioning: Social Activity Limitations Measure

    Social functioning is defined as the ability to develop, maintain, and nurture major social relationships. A social activity limitations measure can be used to assess health-related limitations in normal or usual social activities.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Social Functioning: Sexual Problems Measures

    Sexual functioning is commonly defined by sexual problems and dysfunction. The MOS limited the definition to include any impairment of the capacity of an adult man or woman to achieve sexual arousal and orgasm.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Methods of Collecting Health Data

    This chapter describes the survey methods of data collection, including short screening forms administered to patients in doctors' offices and questionnaires that are mailed to respondents.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Benefits and Obstacles of Health Status Assessment in Ambulatory Settings: The Clinician's Point of View

    In the past decade physicians have identified the need to expand patient assessment to include global function and quality of life.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Construct Validity of MOS Health Measures

    The construct validity of a set of nineteen of the most direct measures of health was examined in terms of the interrelationships among the health measures and their relationships to selected validity measures.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Health Perceptions, Energy/Fatigue, and Health Distress Measures

    Health perceptions are personal beliefs and evaluations of general health status. These perceptions focus on health in general rather than on either physical or mental components specifically.

    Jan 1, 1992

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    Journal Article

    Method of Validating MOS Health Measures

    This chapter presents an overview of the essential steps necessary to validate health measures and indicates the types of validation studies that have been performed on the MOS measures.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Methods of Constructing Health Measures

    This chapter summarizes the MOS approach to writing questionnaire items, protesting measures, constructing multi-item scales, evaluating scale variability, reliability, and stability, and labeling measures.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Sleep Measures

    Sleep is defined as a suspension of normal waking consciousness that involves a diminished capacity for interaction with one's environment.

    Jan 1, 1992

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Measures for a New Era of Health Assessment

    This chapter characterizes the state of the art of health assessment and identifies some of the advances necessary to meet the needs of various appplications of health surveys.

    Jan 1, 1992