Gender Equity in the Workplace

Featured

Despite gains in the workplace over recent decades, women continue to receive lower pay, experience lower workforce participation, and may miss career advancement opportunities due to motherhood. RAND's research has examined the challenges and discrimination women face in many settings, including the military, the health care sector, and emergency services, as well as the impact of parenting and family life on career outcomes.

  • Mother working on a laptop while holding her  baby, photo by monkeybusinessimages/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Helping Mothers Return to Work Is a Gender Equality Issue

    Jan 21, 2021

    Employers and policymakers play a crucial role in ensuring that women are not unnecessarily disadvantaged when they have children. Policies such as access to family leave, job protection, and childcare options can play a large role.

  • Lauren Hoffmann had to return to work when her son Micah was a few weeks old, due to lack of paid family leave, in San Antonio, Texas, February 6, 2019, photo by Callaghan O'Hare/Reuters

    Commentary

    Supporting Working Parents Could Accelerate Recovery

    Jan 15, 2021

    Since the COVID-19 recession started last February, almost 3 million women have left the labor force. With vaccines rolling out, will they go back to work? There are several policies that could help.

Explore Gender Equity in the Workplace

  • Jordanian youth use laptop computers

    Report

    Youth in Jordan: Transitions from Education to Employment

    Despite Jordan's strong economic growth during the last decade, youth unemployment remains high, as graduates don't possess the skills necessary for their desired professions. Numerous policy reforms could turn the tide.

    Jun 30, 2014

  • businesswoman holding her child in the office

    Commentary

    Reflecting on Gender Equality in Europe

    With the United Nations 2014 International Women's Day theme being “Equality for Women is Progress for All,” it is a time to reflect on progress made, raise awareness of the struggles that women and men still face, and consider how best these challenges could be addressed.

    Mar 7, 2014

  • huge crowd of people

    Report

    How Europe's Changing Population Will Impact Income Inequality

    Groups of the EU population most at risk of poverty that are likely to grow include the elderly, migrants, and single heads of households. Managing the transition to an increasingly aging population while maintaining high welfare standards will depend upon reform of pension and healthcare systems, and labor markets.

    Jul 17, 2013

  • Report

    Report

    Significant Gender- and Race/Ethnicity-Based Differences Exist in Rates of Promotion and Retention Among Officers

    Although the retention and promotion of women and minorities has increased among officers in the U.S. military over time, the proportion of those groups in the senior officer corps remains relatively low.

    May 24, 2012

  • Female Engagement Team members Pfc. Kelly Shutka, Pfc. Rachel Miller, and Sgt. Richelle Aus patrol a bazaar in Zabul province, Afghanistan.

    Report

    What Are the Restrictions on the Service of Active-Component Military Women?

    Most of the U.S. military positions that remain closed to women service members are those in Army and Marine Corps units and occupations that have a primary mission of engaging in direct ground combat.

    May 21, 2012

  • woman factory worker

    Report

    Migrant women in the European labour force: Current situation and future prospects

    Examines migrant women's participation in the European labor force.

    Oct 2, 2008

  • Police recruit Anis Gul and Capt. Gul Jan pose for a picture after Gul signed up for police training February 16, 2004 in Kabul, Afghanistan

    Report

    Women and Nation-Building

    Women's participation in post-conflict nation-building is an important ingredient in achieving an equitable, peaceful and more prosperous society. Leaders should include women in the earliest economic reconstruction activities.

    Feb 4, 2008

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Measuring the Use of Women-Owned Small Businesses in Federal Contracting

    This research brief summarizes a RAND assessment of disparity ratios for women-owned small businesses to determine whether those businesses receive federal contracts in proportion to their representation in given industries.

    Jun 5, 2007

  • News Release

    News Release

    RAND Study Assesses Whether Women-Owned Small Businesses Are Underrepresented in Federal Contracting

    April 27, 2007 news release: RAND Study Assesses Whether Women-Owned Small Businesses Are Underrepresented in Federal Contracting.

    Apr 27, 2007

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Is There Gender Bias in Federal Grant Programs?

    Based on analysis of three federal agency databases and two researcher surveys, we did not find gender differences in federal grant funding outcomes, with two exceptions. Suggestions for future data gathering and analysis are discussed.

    Jan 1, 2004

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Military Readiness: Women Are Not a Problem

    Integration of women has had a small effect on readiness, cohesion, and morale — leadership, training, and the unit workload are perceived as having a far more profound influence.

    Jan 1, 1997

  • People

    People

    Avery Calkins

    Associate Economist
    Education Ph.D. in economics, University of Michigan; M.A. in economics, University of Michigan; B.S. in economics, Carnegie Mellon University

  • People

    People

    Chaitra M. Hardison

    Senior Behavioral Scientist; Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in industrial/organizational psychology, University of Minnesota; B.A. in psychology, University of California, Berkeley

  • People

    People

    Giulia Lanfredi

    Research Assistant
    Education M.Sc. in gender, policy and inequalities, London School of Economics and Political Science; M.Sc. in economics and management in art, culture, media and enterainment, Bocconi University; B.Sc. in economics and management for art, culture and communication, Bocconi University

  • People

    People

    Nelson Lim

    Director, Workforce, Development, and Health Program, RAND Project AIR FORCE; Senior Social Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. and M.A. in sociology, University of California, Los Angeles; B.A. in economics, University of California, Los Angeles

  • People

    People

    Kirsten M. Keller

    Senior Behavioral Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in industrial/organizational psychology, University of Maryland; M.A. in industrial/organizational psychology, University of Maryland; B.A. in psychology, Franklin and Marshall College

  • People

    People

    Madeline Nightingale

    Senior Analyst
    Education D.Phil. in social policy, University of Oxford; M.Sc. in comparative social policy, University of Oxford; B.Sc. in social anthropology, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

  • People

    People

    Leslie Adrienne Payne

    Political Scientist
    Education M.A. in security policy studies, The George Washington University; M.A. in international political theory, The New School for Social Research; B.A. in cultural anthropology, Howard University

  • People

    People

    Patricia Ann Stapleton

    Political Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in political science, City University of New York; M.Phil in political science, City University of New York; M.A. in French Literature, Rutgers University; B.A. in French, Ursinus College