Globalization

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International trade policies and new technologies facilitate the flow of people, information, and products across national borders, in turn encouraging the integration of regional economies, societies, and cultures. RAND research has investigated how globalization affects and has been affected by policymaking throughout the world.

  • Thank you in many languages, photo by aaabbc/Adobe Stock

    Report

    Investment in Languages Education Could Return Double for UK Economy

    Feb 21, 2022

    Languages play a significant role in international trade, and not sharing a common language acts as a non-tariff trade barrier. Benefit-to-cost ratios for increasing Arabic, Mandarin, French, or Spanish education in the UK are estimated to be at least 2:1, meaning that spending £1 could return £2.

  • A world map superimposed over people's raised hands, photo by Rawpixel/Getty Images

    Report

    Advancing Global Citizenship in America

    Mar 24, 2022

    Concerted international action is required to address climate change and sustainability, pandemics, global security, and economic growth. But such action requires a sense of common destiny and shared responsibility among people across nations. What are Americans' attitudes toward global issues, and what could encourage them to become citizens of the world?

Explore Globalization

  • Antoine van Agtmael, Lawrence Ingrassia, and Randal Quarles at RAND's Politics Aside event in Santa Monica, November 12, 2016

    Blog

    Who Wins Globalization?

    While more needs to be done for those who once worked in industries such as furniture manufacturing, where essentially all activity has moved to lower-cost nations, the U.S. is starting to see an increase in manufacturing activity because of new types of technological advances.

    Nov 14, 2016

  • LED map of the continental United States

    Essay

    Election 2016: The Domestic Issues

    RAND offers a unique take on the big domestic issues facing America: research that is independent, reliable, and rigorously nonpartisan.

    Oct 3, 2016

  • A ship is unloaded using Super Post Panamax cranes in Miami, Florida, May 19, 2016

    Commentary

    Eliminating Jobs or Strengthening the Economy? The Impact of Trade Policies on the American Worker

    The enormous benefits of trade include economic growth, more variety for industry and consumers, and lower prices. But trade can displace some American workers. Training programs, relocation assistance, and wage insurance can help.

    Aug 30, 2016

  • A man working at a 3D printer

    Commentary

    Evolving 21st-Century Workplace and the American Workforce: Trends and Policy Responses

    Three trends have important implications for the future of work: a shifting demography toward older workers, more women, and more diversity; continuing technological change that will increase the demand for skilled workers; and increased globalization.

    Aug 23, 2016

  • Glass globe on graph of world economies and currency

    Blog

    Puzzles, Paradoxes, Controversies, and the Global Economy

    In a wide-ranging collection of essays first published between 2007 and 2014, Charles Wolf Jr. shares his insights on the world's economies, including those of China, the United States, Japan, Korea, India, and others.

    Jun 1, 2015

  • A man walking in the financial district of Pudong in downtown Shanghai

    Commentary

    The U.S.-China Crossover

    According to the IMF, the U.S. and Chinese GDPs in 2015 are $18.4 trillion and $11.1 trillion, respectively. Current and impending conditions in both economies suggest that the estimates of when China will surpass the U.S. are likely premature, and by a substantial margin.

    Mar 20, 2015

  • Upper facade of modern terraced real estate

    Report

    The Rise of a Global Middle Class: Global Societal Trends to 2030

    Accelerating economic growth has led to decreasing between-country inequality over the last decade but within-country inequality is on the rise. Within-country inequality may generate a range of negative outcomes, including potential decline in social cohesion.

    Feb 12, 2015

  • Dayan Candappa, Carlos Slim Helu, and Saad Mohseni at RAND's Politics Aside 2014

    Blog

    The Risks and Rewards of Emerging Markets

    Emerging markets may offer challenges ranging from corruption to the threat of violence, but the rewards can be worth the risks, experts said during a panel discussion at RAND's Politics Aside event. Reuters Americas Editor Dayan Candappa moderated the panel which included Carlos Slim Helú, a businessman, investor, and philanthropist, and Saad Mohseni, CEO of MOBY Group.

    Nov 16, 2014

  • Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe and China's Premier Li Keqiang in Beijing on August 26, 2014. Officials say Mugabe is seeking funds to rebuild decaying roads, rail and power facilities, and to help mechanise Zimbabwe's agriculture.

    Blog

    RAND Experts Discuss Chinese Engagement in Africa

    Larry Hanauer and Lyle Morris discussed their recent report, Chinese Engagement in Africa, as part of RAND's China Luncheon Series. They took a comprehensive look at Chinese and African objectives in the political and economic spheres and the means by which they work to achieve their goals.

    Oct 14, 2014

  • Report

    Report

    China's International Behavior: Chinese translation (traditional characters)

    China's international activism is one of the newest and most important trends in global affairs. This monograph (translated into traditional Chinese characters) analyzes how China defines its international objectives, how it is pursuing them, and what it means for U.S. interests.

    May 5, 2014

  • pie chart illustration over a world map

    Commentary

    Happy 80th Birthday, 'GDP' — Is It Not Time to Retire?

    While there are merits to using GDP, it is clear that it fails to measure several important potential externalities to economic growth, such as environmental damage, poor working conditions, or violations of privacy rights.

    Feb 6, 2014

  • News Release

    News Release

    The EU Can Save Billions

    The common policies of the EU countries have paid off. For the first time, there are euro and cent calculations to prove that the transferal of policies to the EU level, and their funding through the EU, actually saves national governments money.

    Jul 11, 2013

  • three NATO soldiers on a range

    Journal Article

    The EU Can Save Billions

    The common policies of the EU countries have paid off. For the first time, there are euro and cent calculations to prove that the transferal of policies to the EU level, and their funding through the EU, actually saves national governments money.

    Jul 11, 2013

  • Irish Defence Force and British Army working together in Mali

    Commentary

    Fighting Fit? Why Europe Needs Fewer Soldiers

    If greater co-ordination were possible across European nations — allied to a more professional cadre of soldiers — far fewer troops would be required, writes Matt Bassford. A reduction in land forces could deliver savings of approximately €6.5 billion in wage costs alone.

    Jul 11, 2013

  • President Barack Obama and President Macky Sall of Senegal hold a bilateral meeting at the Presidential Palace in Dakar, Senegal, June 27, 2013

    Commentary

    To Help Africa, Do Business There

    Competition from American industry would help drive Chinese firms to be more socially responsible and generate greater benefits for African communities, write Larry Hanauer and Lyle Morris.

    Jun 27, 2013

  • Dong Hua Men night market in Beijing

    Commentary

    A Truly Great Leap Forward

    Charles Wolf Jr. reviews How China Became Capitalist by Ronald Coase and Ning Wang: The authors interpret China's rise in terms that are distinctly different from what has been accepted as conventional wisdom, which holds that China's dramatic rise has resulted from astute guidance by its Communist Party leadership.

    May 2, 2013

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Saved by the Diaspora

    It is time that Syria's sizable émigré community used its considerable means and influence to help shape Syria's future.

    May 1, 2013

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Sleep Budgets in a Globalizing World: Biocultural Interactions Influence Sleep Sufficiency Among Egyptian Families

    Declines in self-reported sleep quotas with globalizing lifestyle changes have focused attention on their possible role in rising global health problems such as obesity or depression.

    Feb 1, 2013

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Can Social Media Help Analyze Public Opinion? A Case Study of Iranian Public Opinion After the 2009 Election

    Describes a methodology for analyzing public opinion and mood in closed societies, focusing on a case study that analyzed Iranian public opinion and mood as expressed over Twitter in the nine months following Iran's 2009 presidential election.

    Oct 4, 2012

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Understanding India, Globalisation and Health Care Systems: A Mapping of Research in the Social Sciences

    National and transnational health care systems are rapidly evolving with current processes of globalisation.

    Sep 1, 2012