Gun Violence

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  • Disassembled handgun

    Report

    The Science of Gun Policy

    Mar 1, 2018

    What does the scientific evidence tell us about the effects of gun policies? Part of the RAND Gun Policy in America initiative, this report assesses the available evidence for the effects of commonly proposed gun laws on firearm deaths, violent crime, suicide, the gun industry, hunting and sport shooting, and other outcomes.

  • RAND Gun Policy in America logo

    Project

    Informing the Gun Policy Debate

    Mar 1, 2018

    RAND's Gun Policy in America initiative provides information on what scientific research can tell us about the effects of gun laws. Our goal is to establish a shared set of facts that will improve public discussions and support the development of fair and effective gun policies.

Explore Gun Violence

  • Gun Policy Comparison Tool

    Tool

    What Are the Predicted Effects Of U.S. Gun Policies, According to Experts?

    As part of the RAND Gun Policy in America initiative, experts with diverse gun policy views were surveyed on how they predicted specific gun laws would affect outcomes, such as violent crime, suicide, and participation in hunting and sport shooting. This comparison tool shows where these experts agree and disagree.

    Mar 1, 2018

  • Sacramento Capitol Building, California, USA

    Tool

    The RAND State Firearm Law Database

    As part of the Gun Policy in America initiative, RAND developed a longitudinal data set of state and District of Columbia firearm laws from 1979 to 2016 to support improved analysis and understanding of the effects of gun laws.

    Mar 1, 2018

  • The divide among experts about gun policy in the United States

    Report

    Where Gun Policy Experts Agree and Disagree on the Effects of Firearm Laws

    As part of the RAND Gun Policy in America initiative, gun policy experts were surveyed on the likely effects of 15 gun-related policies on 12 societal outcomes. Analysis of their responses shows there are shared objectives on both sides of the debate, but experts disagree on which policies will achieve those objectives.

    Mar 1, 2018

  • Visitors stand in line outside the U.S. Supreme Court

    Essay

    Gun Policy in America: An Overview

    Gun policy debates appear to be grounded in disagreement about the effects of policies, not what policies should try to achieve. This suggests an important role for the scientific study of gun laws, especially where evidence is weak.

    Mar 1, 2018

  • Report

    Can an Informative Letter Reduce Gun Crime and Be Cost-Effective? A Study of Los Angeles

    This report evaluates the effect of the letters sent by the Los Angeles City Attorney's Office on city-level rates of homicide, robbery, and aggravated assault with a firearm and conducts a cost-benefit assessment of this letter program.

    Aug 2, 2017

  • A watercolor painting of a silhouette profile

    Essay

    Is Suicide Preventable? Insights from Research

    Conventional wisdom about suicide prevention suggests that one just needs to know what warning signs to look for. But that's not the case.

    May 8, 2017

  • Travelers are evacuated out of the terminal and onto the tarmac after a shooting at Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport in Florida, January 6, 2017

    Commentary

    When Is a Terrorist Really a Terrorist?

    Countering mass violence demands a distinction between attackers who are truly inspired by jihadism and those with lesser links. The latter includes people whose mental states and violent tendencies preexist their exposure to the ideology.

    Jan 27, 2017

  • Periodical

    RAND Review: November-December 2016

    This issue highlights the policy issues facing the next U.S. president; the problem of food, energy, and water scarcity throughout the world; and the connection between violence against women and murder.

    Oct 17, 2016

  • Chicago Police officers attend a news conference held by Superintendent Eddie Johnson announcing the department's plan to hire nearly 1,000 new police officers in Chicago, Illinois, September 21, 2016

    Commentary

    Pitfalls of Predictive Policing

    The Chicago Police Department's predictive policing program didn't work. To achieve even a 5 percent drop in the city's homicide rate, enormous leaps in both prediction and intervention effectiveness are necessary.

    Oct 11, 2016

  • Barbara Hytower, holding a photo of her daughter Jamila who was murdered in Myrtle Beach, stands with other members of South Carolina Mothers Against Violence before the start of a rally, February 25, 2016

    Commentary

    Domestic Warning Signs of Mass Shootings

    After shootings, there is inevitably public debate over gun safety, constitutional rights, police tactics, terrorism, race, and politics. But these discussions rarely focus on a common factor among the perpetrators: a history of violence against women.

    Aug 6, 2016

  • Close up of a handgun on a table, with a person in the background

    Journal Article

    Firearm Ownership and Acquisition Among Parents with Risk Factors for Self-Harm or Other Violence

    Families with risk factors such as parental mental illness and substance use have a modestly greater probability of having a firearm in the home compared with families without risk factors.

    Jul 14, 2016

  • Police investigate the scene of a shooting at a federal office building in Lower Manhattan, New York, August 21, 2015

    Report

    Evaluating a Study of State Gun Policies

    A RAND study team reviewed an article in The Lancet on the effects of state firearm laws and found problems in its methods and findings. The assessment provides a detailed account of the errors and statistical support for the team's conclusions.

    Jul 13, 2016

  • People take part in a candlelight memorial service the day after a mass shooting at Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, June 13, 2016

    Blog

    Orlando Nightclub Shooting: RAND Experts React

    RAND experts provide perspective on the deadliest mass shooting in U.S. history, what it likely means within the context of the campaign against ISIS, and more.

    Jun 15, 2016

  • Over 5,000 weapons confiscated from criminals in Los Angeles County and collected through a gun buyback program were melted and reformed as steel in Rancho Cucamonga, California, July 2013

    Commentary

    Gun Violence: Where Is the Research That Might Save Lives?

    Gun violence is an important public health problem that accounts for more than 33,000 deaths each year in the United States. But in 1996, Congress stripped the CDC of funding for any research that could be associated with gun control advocacy. The lack of CDC funding has deterred researchers.

    Nov 5, 2015

  • U.S. Army Specialist visits his former high school as part of the Army Special Recruiter Assistance Program

    Commentary

    Go Slow on Arming Recruiters

    Several important voices have argued for arming military recruiters in the wake of the recent shootings in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Giving them a chance to fight back against an active shooter may be a sound proposition, but practicalities of military recruiting suggest a patient and thoughtful policy review.

    Jul 31, 2015

  • Blog

    At 65, RAND Continues to Make a Difference

    To celebrate our first 60 years, we created 60 Ways RAND Has Made a Difference, an online book to illustrate our most notable contributions. On our 65th birthday, we provide five of the most recent ways in which we at RAND are proud to have made a difference.

    May 13, 2013

  • gun in dresser drawer

    Commentary

    Guns in Homes: A Health Hazard

    An ample body of evidence indicates that the benefits of keeping a gun for protection are substantially outweighed by the associated risks, writes Art Kellermann.

    Mar 25, 2013

  • President Barack Obama's State of the Union address on Capitol Hill in Washington, February 12, 2013

    Blog

    The State of the Union 2013

    The 2013 SOTU address will be remembered for its impassioned call for greater gun control just two months after Sandy Hook. But President Obama's second-term agenda can be characterized by its sheer breadth, reflecting the broad range of policy challenges facing the U.S. today.

    Feb 13, 2013