This weekly recap focuses on the state of public education in America right now, a missing piece of the strategy for addressing the opioid crisis, emerging technology that could help defend Taiwan, and more.
Guidance on how to direct opioid-related settlement funds has focused on reducing deaths and improving treatment for substance use disorders. What's also needed are strategies to reduce opioid initiation, particularly through effective pain management with nonopioid alternatives.
We build upon a model of collaborative care in which care coordinators deliver preventative measures to high-risk patients and coordinate care with the patients' care team, to increase MOUD retention and decrease risk of suicide and overdose.
This study surveyed primary care and behavioral health staff from 13 clinics implementing a collaborative care intervention for opioid use disorders co-occurring with PTSD and/or depression as part of a multisite randomized controlled trial.
We examined whether internalizing and externalizing psychological symptoms serve as mediators of tobacco (re)uptake among sexual minority individuals using data from Waves 4 and 5 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study.
Experimentally removing flavored tobacco products from a model convenience store display did not change teens' intentions to vape flavored products but increased intentions to use tobacco-flavored vaping products among teens who had previously vaped.
Santa Clara County sought to understand where gaps exist between psychiatric and substance use disorder treatment bed capacity and needs — at different levels of care. The authors use various sources to identify such gaps and hard-to-place populations.
In this paper, we estimate the effects on naloxone pharmacy distribution of two types of laws: laws authorizing non-patient-specific prescription distribution of naloxone and laws granting pharmacists prescriptive authority for naloxone.
Acute and chronic pain are common among service members and impact individual health and force readiness. Interviews with Military Health System staff and service member patients provide perspectives on ways to improve pain care.
We analyzed a natural experiment of 1270 students who applied to charter school lotteries in low-income communities in Los Angeles. Results provide evidence that school environments can improve risky behaviors for low-income minority adolescents.
We surveyed 1270 students who applied to high-performing public charter schools in low-income minority communities in Los Angeles. Evidence suggests that school environments can improve risky behaviors for low-income minority adolescents.
This tool, an R package, helps users compare the performance of various causal inference models using their own longitudinal data. Users can select from a variety of simulation options to explore how different state policy evaluation methods perform.
We surveyed 1159 adolescents age 14–17 attending high school in low income neighborhoods of Los Angeles. School academic performance was associated with social culture regarding popular behaviors, monitoring of school rules, and school order.
This study characterizes buprenorphine treatment episodes during 2007-2018 with respect to payer, provider specialty, and patient demographics. We find clear growth in buprenorphine treatment-particularly for older adults and Medicaid beneficiaries.
Buprenorphine is a key medication to treat opioid use disorder, but little is known about how treatment quality varies across sociodemographic groups. We examined measures of treatment quality and explored variation by sociodemographic factors.