RAND recommends policy actions and investments to increase the likelihood of success of pay-for-performance systems of educator compensation in the United States and identify the practices most likely to succeed.
More than 40 private sector hospital pay-for-performance (P4P) programs now exist, and Congress is considering initiating a Medicare hospital P4P program. Given the growing interest in hospital P4P, this systematic review of the literature examines the current state of knowledge about the effect of P4P on clinical process measures, patient outcomes and experience, safety, and resource utilization.
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services pays for services provided through traditional fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare and managed care plans (Medicare Advantage [MA]). It is important to understand how financing and organizational arrangements relate to quality of care. Compares care experiences and preventive services receipt in traditional Medicare and MA for healthy and sick beneficiaries.
California's workers' compensation group health program is suitable for three models of a pay-for-performance initiative that include agreed on performance measures, expandable data-collection infrastructure, and incentives in order to ensure physician buy-in.
High levels of unmet need persist for children with special health care needs in the face of substantial resources that have been committed to improving their care, including the integration of behavioral health into Medicaid managed care.
Finds a negative association between nonprice competition and quality of care in managed care plans in the New York SCHIP market. Pricing policy is likely a constraint on quality production, though it may not be interpreted as a causal relationship.
Uses the Consumer Assessments of Healthcare Providers and Systems survey to examine the experiences of Hispanics enrolled in Medicare managed care. Hispanics face barriers to care; however, their experiences with care vary by language and region.
Presents the results of a targeted national effort to identify pay-for-performance programs in behavioral health. Many programs struggled to obtain accurate data on quality and outcomes of care, and public reporting of results was not widespread.
Most breast cancer care providers in Los Angeles County outside of staff- or group-model HMOs are not subject to explicit financial incentives based on quality-of-care measures. New approaches are needed to direct incentives toward these specialists.
Hispanics report health care that is similar to or less positive than for non-Hispanic whites, yet have more positive ratings of care. Higher Hispanic ratings may be partially attributed to differences in response style rather than superior care.
Medicare beneficiaries who died while enrolled in independent practice association model HMOs, including the Kaiser model, had many fewer hospital days during the two years before death than beneficiaries who died with fee-for-service coverage.
Examines financial implications of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Hierarchical Condition Categories risk-adjustment model on Medicare payments for individuals with comorbid chronic conditions. Some payments were underpredicted.
This Policy Insight examines the pros and cons of explicit pay-for-performance schemes for federal civil servants compared with seniority-based salary systems, as well as the proposals to change the General Schedule system.