Health Disparities


Population-specific differences in access to quality health care, whether caused by gender, race, geography, environment, or other factors, can affect individual and community health. RAND research aims to understand the causes of—and thereby reduce disparities in—health outcomes, access, and care at the individual, community, and international levels.

  • Aerial map image by Google Earth


    Environmental Racism: How Historic Redlining Continues to Affect Communities

    Jun 27, 2022

    Starting in the 1930s, neighborhoods across America were redlined—marked on government maps as too hazardous, as in, too Black or too immigrant, for federal home loans. When zoning officials needed somewhere to put a new factory or freeway, those redlined neighborhoods were like a bullseye that they hit again and again.

  • A doctor using a pulse oximeter on a patient's finger to measure oxygen saturation, photo by Sabrina Bracher/Getty Images


    Diversity, Equality, and Inclusion in Health Care Innovation

    Jul 6, 2022

    For health care innovations to have the fairest and broadest possible benefit to society, efforts could be made to attend to all stages of the innovation pathway to identify opportunities to mitigate biases through diversity, equality, and inclusion.

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