Health Disparities

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Population-specific differences in access to quality health care, whether caused by gender, race, geography, environment, or other factors, can affect individual and community health. RAND research aims to understand the causes of—and thereby reduce disparities in—health outcomes, access, and care at the individual, community, and international levels.

Explore Health Disparities

  • Elderly man in Mexico

    Report

    Living Longer in Mexico: Income Security and Health

    Mexican citizens are living longer and overall have experienced an improvement in the quality of life compared to that of prior generations. However, the demographic transition in Mexico, combined with the lack of formal sources of income in retirement, places many older persons in a state of financial insecurity.

    Oct 18, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    Living Longer in Mexico: Income Security and Health (Spanish-language version)

    Describes the income security, health status, and health care coverage of older persons in Mexico and presents policy recommendations that may lead to increased old-age income security and health in Mexico (Spanish-language version).

    Oct 18, 2011

  • A patient shakes hands with a nurse in a medical office lobby, photo by SDI Productions/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Ensuring the ACA Helps Reduce Disparities—Not Exacerbate Them

    Evidence from past efforts in the U.S. and abroad suggests that the full potential of health reform will not be realized without specific efforts to reduce disparities, write Robin M. Weinick, Malcom V. Williams, and Romana Hasnain-Wynia.

    Oct 14, 2011

  • Affordable Care Act Open Enrollment binder and stethoscope, photo by YinYang/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Next Big Obstacle for Obama's Affordable Care Act? It's Not Just the Supreme Court

    The success of the Affordable Care Act to enroll those newly eligible in an appropriate insurance plan depends on clear communication to individuals who have limited health literacy, write Laurie T. Martin and Ruth M. Parker.

    Oct 3, 2011

  • Project

    How Does Neighborhood Environment Impact Health Outcomes?

    The PHRESH project examines how neighborhood characteristics—like access to fresh fruits, vegetables, and meats—could make residents more or less healthy.

    Sep 8, 2011

  • A father hugging his son on graduation day, photo by digitalskillet/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Dropping Out, Imprisoned or Killed: Disparities in Outcomes Faced by Young African American Men

    Boys and men of color—in particular, young African American men—are particularly vulnerable to racial and ethnic disparities. That such disparities exist should surprise no one. Nor should the fact that such disparities diminish the life chances of those affected, writes Lois M. Davis.

    Aug 26, 2011

  • News Release

    News Release

    Older Women More Likely to Have Lower Cognitive Function if They Live in Low-Income Neighborhoods

    Older women who live in a lower socioeconomic status neighborhood are more likely to exhibit lower cognitive functioning than women who live in more affluent neighborhoods.

    Aug 2, 2011

  • News Release

    News Release

    High-Deductible Health Plans Pose No Special Risks to Medically Vulnerable Populations

    People who are medically vulnerable -- those with low incomes or chronic health problems -- who enroll in high-deductible health plans are at no more risk for cutting back on needed health care than other people who enroll in the plans.

    Apr 18, 2011

  • Congressional Briefing Podcast

    Multimedia

    Reparable Harm: Assessing Disparities Faced by Boys and Men of Color in California

    In this Congressional Briefing held on August 10, 2009, Rebecca Kilburn, director of the Promising Practices Network on Children, Families and Communities and of RAND Child Policy, discusses the disparities for boys and men of color relative to their white counterparts across specific socioeconomic, health, safety, and school readiness indicators in California.

    Aug 10, 2009

  • News Release

    News Release

    Report Quantifies the Level of Disadvantage Faced by Boys and Men of Color in California

    The first multi-dimensional effort to quantify the disparities faced by African-American and Latino boys and men in California across a broad spectrum of health and social factors provides a disquieting outlook for their lives.

    Feb 5, 2009

  • News Release

    News Release

    Women with Heart Disease and Diabetes Less Likely than Men to Receive Appropriate Outpatient Care

    May 14, 2007 news release: RAND Study Finds Women with Heart Disease and Diabetes Less Likely than Men to Receive Appropriate Outpatient Care.

    May 14, 2007

  • People

    People

    Sarah Ball

    Senior Analyst
    Education Ph.D. in psychology, University of Cambridge; B.A. (Hons) in psychology, University of Nottingham

  • People

    People

    Chloe E. Bird

    Senior Sociologist
    Education Ph.D. and M.A. in sociology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; B.A. in sociology, Oberlin College

  • People

    People

    Laura M. Bogart

    Senior Behavioral Scientist; Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. and M.S. in social psychology, University of Pittsburgh

  • People

    People

    Kathryn E. Bouskill

    Social Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in anthropology, Emory University; M.P.H. in epidemiology, Emory University; B.A. in anthropology, University of Notre Dame

  • People

    People

    Rachel M. Burns

    Senior Quantitative Analyst
    Education M.P.H., University of Michigan; B.S., Ohio State University

  • People

    People

    Mark Cabling

    Analyst
    Education Ph.D. in cancer studies, King's College London; M.A. in communication, culture and technology, Georgetown University; M.Sc. in media and communication, London School of Economics; B.A. in politics, University of Nottingham

  • People

    People

    Anita Chandra

    Vice President and Director, RAND Social and Economic Well-Being; Senior Policy Researcher; Professor of Policy Analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Dr.P.H. in population and family health sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; M.P.H. in maternal and child health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health; B.A. in child development, Tufts University

  • People

    People

    Lois M. Davis

    Senior Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. in public health, University of California, Los Angeles

  • People

    People

    Kathryn Pitkin Derose

    Adjunct Policy Researcher; Professor of Health Policy, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in health services, University of California, Los Angeles; M.P.H. in population and family health, University of California, Los Angeles; B.A. in comparative area studies-latin america, Duke University