RAND experts have analyzed data from the Department of Defense's flagship survey for understanding the health, health behaviors, and well-being of service members. The results provide valuable insights across various health-related topics and about personnel by service branch.
Decision-making competence reflects individual differences in the susceptibility to decision-making errors, measured using tasks common from behavioral decision research (e.g., framing effects, under/overconfidence, following decision rules).
Problematic Internet use (PIU) is a mental health issue that can have serious consequences. With an estimated 6 percent of Airmen suffering from PIU, what can the U.S. Air Force do to help with treatment and prevention?
Most successful schools demonstrate better retention and academic achievement. As a result, being admitted to or attending a successful school can reduce very risky health behaviors among low-income adolescents.
In a diverse group of early adolescents, this study explores the co-occurrence of a broad range of health risk behaviors: alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use; physical inactivity; sedentary computing/gaming; and the consumption of low-nutrient energy-dense food.
This study evaluated the co-occurrence of depression and health risk behaviors (focusing on smoking, drug and alcohol misuse, risky sexual behavior, and obesity-risk) with the goal of informing preventive service strategies.
Sexual health problems affect adolescents disproportionately more than adults, and efforts to improve their sexual health and decision making have not been fully successful. However, research integrating insights from neuroscience and other areas could increase our understanding of sexual risk behaviors among youth.
A look at the Enhancing Quality Interventions Promoting Healthy Sexuality (EQUIPS) study, which tests how well a community-based setting (Boys & Girls Clubs) conducts a program to prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.
HIV prevention programs for homeless YMSM may warrant a multipronged approach that helps these youth strengthen their ties to prosocial peers, develop more positive condom attitudes, and access needed mental health and housing services.
Harm reduction focuses on minimizing the adverse consequences of drug use through interventions such as needle exchange, ''safe use'' education, and the use of treatment as an alternative to incarceration.