Using a subsample of respondents to the 2005 Los Angeles County health survey, the authors examined the relationship between perceptions of the seriousness of HIV/AIDS in one's community and HIV testing.
US and Canadian differences in cancer screening due to each country's guidelines can potentially explain cross-country differences in breast cancer mortality and affect interpretation of international comparisons of cancer statistics.
Assesses women's knowledge of the need for cervical cancer screening after HPV vaccination, describes Pap test intentions of vaccinated women, and evaluates whether knowledge and intentions differ across groups at greatest risk for cervical cancer.
People who are medically vulnerable — those with low incomes or chronic health problems — who enroll in high-deductible health plans are at no more risk for cutting back on needed health care than other people who enroll in the plans.
A RAND team designed a web-based support tool using clinical algorithms to help minimally trained health care workers and laypeople make informed decisions about care-seeking for influenza-like illness.
First dollar coverage for preventive services increases utilization modestly among healthy individuals, particularly those in lower deductible plans, but patients' predisposing characteristics merit attention.
Rapid HIV testing is increasing in urban U.S. hospitals, primarily for occupational exposure and in hospitals with greater resources and need. Testing should be encouraged in smaller facilities, the West, and communities with racial/ethnic diversity.
Lead poisoning remains a serious, preventable environmental health threat to young children. Analysis of data on blood lead levels in Allegheny County, PA indicated the need for more diligent state and local involvement to ensure that at-risk children are screened.