A RAND team designed a web-based support tool using clinical algorithms to help minimally trained health care workers and laypeople make informed decisions about care-seeking for influenza-like illness.
First dollar coverage for preventive services increases utilization modestly among healthy individuals, particularly those in lower deductible plans, but patients' predisposing characteristics merit attention.
Rapid HIV testing is increasing in urban U.S. hospitals, primarily for occupational exposure and in hospitals with greater resources and need. Testing should be encouraged in smaller facilities, the West, and communities with racial/ethnic diversity.
Lead poisoning remains a serious, preventable environmental health threat to young children. Analysis of data on blood lead levels in Allegheny County, PA indicated the need for more diligent state and local involvement to ensure that at-risk children are screened.