Infectious Diseases

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  • Large group of people making a virus shape, photo by NiseriN/Getty Images

    Commentary

    The Impact of the Pandemic on Demographic Trends

    Apr 12, 2021

    Key demographic trends in fertility, mortality, and migration are responsible for shifts in the overall structure of any population. COVID-19 has affected each of these, with potentially important implications.

  • People pose for a photo after being vaccinated at the FEMA-supported COVID-19 vaccination site at Valencia State College in Orlando, Florida, photo by Paul Hennessy/SOPA Images/Sipa USA/Reuters

    Report

    Messaging Strategies to Mitigate COVID-19

    Apr 30, 2021

    Public health officials are trying to convince a majority of Americans to get vaccinated against COVID-19, while also promoting other disease-mitigating measures such as mask-wearing. What messaging strategies might help this effort?

Explore Infectious Diseases

  • A child places his COVID-19 testing swab in a vial at South Boston Catholic Academy in Boston, Massachusetts, January 28, 2021, photo by Allison Dinner/Reuters

    Commentary

    Lost Learning and the Costs of COVID-19

    President Biden's plan calls for $130 billion to help schools safely reopen and identifies summer school or other supports to help students compensate for lost learning time as permissible uses of this funding. Recent RAND research can shed light on how Congress might consider divvying up these funds to support students over the next year.

    Feb 10, 2021

  • Woman sleeping alone in large bed, photo by DedMityay/Getty Images

    Commentary

    The COVID-19 Bed-Spread

    Sleep science has traditionally viewed sleep as an individual phenomenon. But how well (or poorly) we sleep is clearly tied to the quality of our closest relationships. COVID-19 has further highlighted the critical importance of both healthy sleep and healthy relationships.

    Feb 9, 2021

  • A woman receives a box of donated food items during the COVID-19 pandemic in her car, photo by SDI Productions/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Striking Rates of Food Insecurity in Two Pittsburgh Neighborhoods

    The number of Americans experiencing food insecurity has increased since the pandemic began. And rates are higher among African Americans, Hispanics, American Indians, and Alaska Natives. Proactive and aggressive policy actions could help reduce the inequities in places like Pittsburgh's Hill District and Homewood neighborhoods.

    Feb 9, 2021

  • A worker stands next to the shipment of 600,000 doses COVID-19 vaccines donated by China at the Phnom Penh International Airport, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, February 7, 2021, photo by Cindy Liu/Reuters

    Commentary

    Equal, Rapid Access to Vaccines Is More Important Than Ever as New COVID-19 Variants Emerge

    Vaccine nationalism could prolong the pandemic and lead to preventable deaths. If some countries don't receive timely access to vaccines, then the virus will continue to spread in some populations, mutate further, and potentially render existing vaccines less effective.

    Feb 9, 2021

  • Blog

    Unemployment Insurance, Domestic Extremists, Housing Insecurity: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on what the pandemic has revealed about America's unemployment system, why stopping domestic extremism will be difficult, how housing insecurity may affect sleep, and more.

    Feb 5, 2021

  • COVID-19 and Mental Health

    Multimedia

    COVID-19 and Mental Health

    Senior behavioral/social scientist Joshua Breslau explains how findings from a RAND study of mental health before and during the COVID-19 pandemic can help in determining who in the population is most likely to experience significant psychological distress during future disasters.

    Feb 4, 2021

  • Will U.S.-Iran Relations Improve?

    Multimedia

    Under the Biden Administration: Will U.S.-Iran Relations Improve?

    RAND senior international/defense policy researcher Heather Williams discusses the current landscape for improving the strained relationship between the United States and Iran.

    Feb 4, 2021

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Telehealth Use Among Safety-Net Organizations in California During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    During the COVID-19 pandemic, visit volume at a sample of FQHCs declined modestly for primary care visits and remained stable for behavioral health visits because telehealth visits replaced in-person visits.

    Feb 4, 2021

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Inequality in Household Adaptation to Schooling Shocks: Covid-induced Online Learning Engagement in Real Time

    Using internet searches, we study real-time demand for online learning resources. Internet searches for online learning resources doubled during the pandemic. Increases were larger in are as with higher income and better internet access. The pandemic will likely widen achievement gaps along these dimensions.

    Feb 3, 2021

  • A daughter visting her mother at a care home where they are masked and sitting apart for safety during a pandemic, photo by wanderluster/Getty Images

    Report

    Long-Term Care Policy: Who Should Be at the Table?

    The COVID-19 pandemic has underscored that long-term care residents, their families, and staff have limited representation when it comes to facility policies. Recognizing them as stakeholders with perspectives to include in decisionmaking could improve infection control practices and also address residents' health-related quality of life.

    Feb 2, 2021

  • Detail of covid-19 vaccine vials and and a syringe. Photo by vladans / Getty Images

    Multimedia

    COVID-19 Vaccine Cross-Border Liability and Compensation

    A RAND virtual event focused on (1) facilitating global distribution of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines and (2) preventing liability and compensation concerns from affecting the vaccine supply chain and public uptake of the vaccine.

    Feb 2, 2021

  • Rose Carter, of Lexington, waits in a line outside a temporary unemployment office established by the Kentucky Labor Cabinet at the State Capitol Annex in Frankfort, Kentucky, June 17, 2020, photo by Bryan Woolston/Reuters

    Commentary

    The Pandemic Is Completely Changing the Way We Treat Unemployment

    Unemployment insurance is the most important fiscal response the United States has during a recession, because it sends timely, targeted, and temporary financial assistance to those directly affected by the downturn. What the CARES Act created—remarkably high benefits for more workers—was a short-term experiment born of necessity, but it could have a lasting influence on public policy.

    Feb 1, 2021

  • Blog

    Prescription Drug Prices, Transgender Troops, Space Diplomacy: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on America's high prescription drug prices, allowing transgender troops in the military, food insecurity in Black neighborhoods, and more.

    Jan 29, 2021

  • Group of women wearing face masks while running in the city during rainy and gloomy weather, photo by RgStudio/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Understanding Our Culture of Health Before the Pandemic Can Help Us Improve It Afterward

    Measuring health and the social and economic factors that influenced it before the pandemic helps us understand the kind of risks the United States faced previously. It can also inform how to move forward toward recovery.

    Jan 29, 2021

  • Business owner in a mask posting a closed sign on the door, photo by RichLegg/Getty Images

    Report

    Comparing National and International Approaches to COVID-19 Measures

    Uniform measures are needed to track how well other countries and U.S. states are responding to the pandemic and to make valid cross-country and cross-state comparisons. From December 2019 to May 2020, there was tremendous variability in how COVID-19 indicators were measured and reported. What could be done to allow for more standardized and valid comparisons?

    Jan 29, 2021

  • Nine year old student Jordan in his bedroom attending online school in Broward County, Florida, March 31, 2020, photo by Johnny Louis/Reuters

    Commentary

    School District Leaders Indicate Online Instruction Will Outlast COVID-19. Here's What to Consider

    Remote K–12 learning at scale is an unprecedented challenge for everyone involved. It can and would improve dramatically if educators, government, and philanthropy treated it as a work in progress, featuring evidence-based development of quality online curricula, continuous improvement, and engagement of teachers.

    Jan 27, 2021

  • Brochure

    Spotlight 2020–2021

    Spotlight 2020-2021 features examples of our research that helped to improve people's lives during a turbulent year. It also highlights a selection of research initiatives on the horizon for 2021.

    Jan 26, 2021

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Changes in Health Services Use Among Commercially Insured US Populations During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    This study found that during the initial phase of the COVID-19 epidemic in March and April of 2020, patients significantly reduced use of preventive and elective care and increased use of telemedicine but not enough to offset reductions in in-person care.

    Jan 26, 2021

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    A Longitudinal Study of Psychological Distress in the United States Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Equal numbers of people experienced serious psychological distress in 30 days during the pandemic as did over an entire year prior to the pandemic.

    Jan 26, 2021

  • Blog

    Keeping COVID-19 Vaccines Moving, the Capitol Attack, Media Literacy: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on keeping COVID-19 vaccines moving to save more lives; why we need a national commission to investigate the U.S. Capitol attack; media literacy as a tool to counter “Truth Decay,” and more.

    Jan 22, 2021

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