Information Operations


Information operations and warfare, also known as influence operations, includes the collection of tactical information about an adversary as well as the dissemination of propaganda in pursuit of a competitive advantage over an opponent. RAND research has enabled military leaders and policymakers to develop strategies and policy frameworks to address the challenges of these military operations.

  • Examples of Facebook pages displayed during a House Intelligence Committee meeting on Russian use of social media to influence U.S. elections in Washington, D.C., November 1, 2017, photo by Aaron P. Bernstein/Reuters


    How You Can Fight Russia's Plans to Troll Americans During Campaign 2020

    Jul 14, 2020

    The goal of Russian interference is to trigger emotional reactions and drive people to ideological extremes, making it nearly impossible to build a consensus. But Americans are less likely to have their emotions manipulated if they are aware that manipulation is the goal.

  • U.S. Army 1st Lt. Shaun Lawson, Cpl. Marvin Carson and Sgt. John Delgado, assigned to Charlie Company, 44th Expeditionary Signal Battalion, 2nd Theater Signal Brigade, manage the company network operations (NETOPS) cell monitoring the networks at exercise Allied Spirit VIII, Jan. 30, 2018 at the Hohenfels Training Area, Germany, photo by William B. King/U.S. Army


    Frameworks for Assessing USEUCOM Efforts to Inform, Influence, and Persuade

    Jul 2, 2020

    Campaigns to inform, influence, and persuade a range of foreign audiences are critical to achieving key U.S. national security objectives, but it can be challenging to assess the effectiveness of these efforts. How can assessment design and planning support U.S. European Command (USEUCOM) efforts?

Explore Information Operations

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    Jonathan Welch

    Senior Policy Analyst
    Education M.A. in international relations and international economics, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies; B.E. in marine engineering, State University of New York Maritime College

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    Eric V. Larson

    Senior Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. and M.Phil. in policy analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School; A.B. in political science, University of Michigan

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    Bilyana Lilly

    Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.Sc. in Russian and East European studies (honors), University of Oxford; M.A. in international affairs, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) Switzerland; B.A. in international politics and history, Jacobs University, Germany

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    William Marcellino

    Senior Behavioral and Social Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in rhetoric, Carnegie Mellon University

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    Krystyna Marcinek

    Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in Russian, East European, and Eurasian studies, Jagiellonian University, Poland

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    Benjamin James Sacks

    Associate Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. in history, Princeton University; M.A. in history, Princeton University; B.A. in history, Tufts University

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    Michael Schwille

    Senior Policy Analyst
    Education M.A. in international development studies, George Washington University; B.A. in history, University of Pittsburgh