International Economic Relations

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Increased international trade, and the lowering of barriers to such trade, frequently results in improved international relations, but it can also lead to trade wars and tariff disputes. RAND research explores bilateral and multilateral economic relations; describes how they affect global alliances, globalization, and the economic health of nations; and recommends methods to develop, encourage, and maintain these relations among diverse nations and cultures.

  • The Russian flag flies above the Embassy of the Russian Federation, Washington, D.C., February 22, 2022, photo by Tom Brenner/Reuters

    Commentary

    A Test of How Effective Sanctions Are

    Feb 24, 2022

    The threat of severe sanctions failed to stop a Russian invasion of Ukraine. But if and when harsher economic punishment is handed down to Moscow, what effect might it have?

  • Radio antennas on the mountains of Angeles National Forest overlooking Los Angeles County, California, photo by Sundry Photography/Getty Images

    Commentary

    How China Plays by Different Rules—at Everyone Else's Expense

    Feb 7, 2022

    A single Chinese state-run firm has secured a controlling interest in at least 33 radio stations in 14 countries. But there is virtually no opportunity for foreign ownership, input, or influence in the Chinese media marketplace. This inequity presents U.S. leaders with an opportunity: Unless China opens its media marketplace to foreign investment and ownership, its firms should be forced to divest their American holdings.

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    Rafiq Dossani

    Director, RAND Center for Asia Pacific Policy; Senior Economist; Professor of Policy Analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in finance, Northwestern University; M.B.A. in finance & economics, Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta; B.A. in economics, St. Stephen's College, Delhi

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    Eliane Dufresne

    Analyst
    Education M.Sc. in public policy and development, Toulouse School of Economics

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    Daniel Egel

    Senior Economist
    Education Ph.D. in economics, University of California, Berkeley; B.A. in biology, University of Chicago

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    Christopher A. Eusebi

    Senior Adjunct Researcher
    Education J.D. in intellectual property, University of Detroit; M.S. and M.S. in materials engineering, Michigan State University

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    Bryan Frederick

    Senior Political Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in international relations, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS); M.A. in international relations and international economics, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS); B.A. in philosophy, Williams College

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    Victoria A. Greenfield

    Senior Economist
    Education B.S. in agricultural economics, Cornell University; Ph.D. in agricultural and resource economics, UC Berkeley; M.S. in agricultural and resource economics, UC Berkeley

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    Marco Hafner

    Senior Economist; Research Leader
    Education M.Sc. in economics, University of Zurich; M.Phil. in economics, University College of London

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    Jack Kroger

    Ph.D. Student, Pardee RAND Graduate School, and Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND
    Education M.Sc. in development studies, The London School of Economics and Political Science; B.S. in economics and statistics, Carnegie Mellon University

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    Krishna B. Kumar

    Vice President, International; Distinguished Chair in International Economic Policy; Director, Initiative for Global Human Progress, Pardee RAND Graduate School; Senior Economist
    Education Ph.D. in economics, University of Chicago; M.S. in computer science, University of Wisconsin; B.Tech. in mechanical engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

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    Megan McKernan

    Senior Defense Researcher
    Education M.A. in international trade and investment policy, George Washington University; B.A. in economics, William Smith College

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    Jim Mignano

    Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Student, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.S. in political science, Portland State University; B.S. in political science, Portland State University

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    Sam Morales

    Quantitative Analyst
    Education M.P.P. in public policy, University of Virginia; B.A. in economics, Boston College

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    C. Richard Neu

    Adjunct Staff; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.S. in economics, California Institute of Technology; M.A. in economics, Harvard University; Ph.D. in economics, Harvard University

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    Angela O'Mahony

    Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, Pardee RAND Graduate School; Senior Political Scientist, RAND
    Education Ph.D. in political science, University of California, San Diego; B.A. in economics, University of California, Los Angeles

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    Charles P. Ries

    Adjunct Senior Fellow
    Education M.A. and B.A. in international affairs, Johns Hopkins University

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    Stephan B. Seabrook

    Senior Defense Analyst
    Education M.A. in international relations & international economics, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies; B.A. in economics; government, Bowdoin College

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    Howard J. Shatz

    Senior Economist; Professor of Policy Analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in public policy, Harvard University; M.I.A. in international policy analysis and management, Middle East studies, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University; Post-graduate study in Middle East studies, Tel Aviv University; A.B. in history, Brown University

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    Oluwatimilehin Sotubo

    Ph.D. Student, Pardee RAND Graduate School, and Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND
    Education M.Sc. in economics and finance, University of Bath; B.Sc. in economics, Crawford University, Nigeria

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    Tobias Sytsma

    Associate Economist
    Education Ph.D. in economics, University of Oregon; M.S. in intl and dev economics, University of San Francisco; B.S. in economics, Portland State University

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    Jordan Willcox

    Senior Defense Analyst
    Education B.A. in international relations, Connecticut College; M.A. in security studies, Georgetown University