International Economic Relations

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Increased international trade, and the lowering of barriers to such trade, frequently results in improved international relations, but it can also lead to trade wars and tariff disputes. RAND research explores bilateral and multilateral economic relations; describes how they affect global alliances, globalization, and the economic health of nations; and recommends methods to develop, encourage, and maintain these relations among diverse nations and cultures.

  • The Russian flag flies above the Embassy of the Russian Federation, Washington, D.C., February 22, 2022, photo by Tom Brenner/Reuters

    Commentary

    A Test of How Effective Sanctions Are

    Feb 24, 2022

    The threat of severe sanctions failed to stop a Russian invasion of Ukraine. But if and when harsher economic punishment is handed down to Moscow, what effect might it have?

  • Radio antennas on the mountains of Angeles National Forest overlooking Los Angeles County, California, photo by Sundry Photography/Getty Images

    Commentary

    How China Plays by Different Rules—at Everyone Else's Expense

    Feb 7, 2022

    A single Chinese state-run firm has secured a controlling interest in at least 33 radio stations in 14 countries. But there is virtually no opportunity for foreign ownership, input, or influence in the Chinese media marketplace. This inequity presents U.S. leaders with an opportunity: Unless China opens its media marketplace to foreign investment and ownership, its firms should be forced to divest their American holdings.

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  • People

    People

    Jonathan W. Welburn

    RAND Researcher; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in decision science & operations research, University of Wisconsin – Madison; BSc in industrial & systems engineering and economics, University of Wisconsin – Madison

  • People

    People

    Jordan Willcox

    Senior Defense Analyst
    Education B.A. in international relations, Connecticut College; M.A. in security studies, Georgetown University

  • People

    People

    Emily Yoder

    Policy Analyst
    Education M.A. in international affairs, George Washington University; B.A. in political science, University of Pittsburgh

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    People

    Elisa Yoshiara

    Ph.D. Student, Pardee RAND Graduate School, and Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND
    Education M.P.P. in public policy, Georgetown University; B.A. in peace and conflict studies, U.C. Berkeley