International Trade

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International trade—business conducted across national borders—drives GDP and directly and indirectly affects global alliances, globalization, and the economic health of nations. RAND research has examined international trade in contexts as diverse as arms trafficking, the drug trade, international nuclear commerce, trade unions, the U.S.-China trade deficit, and economic investment in Ukraine.

  • Russian missile air defence systems at the international military-technical forum Army-2021 in Moscow Region, Russia, August 23, 2021, photo by Maxim Shemetov/Reuters

    Report

    How Diplomacy Could Be Used to Discourage Russian Arms Sales

    Nov 18, 2021

    Countering Russian arms sales could reduce Russia's influence on other nations as well as revenue that indirectly enables its irresponsible international behavior. The United States and its allies need to provide credible diplomatic and military alternatives, and work with countries to address their security needs.

  • Thank you in many languages, photo by aaabbc/Adobe Stock

    Report

    Investment in Languages Education Could Return Double for UK Economy

    Feb 21, 2022

    Languages play a significant role in international trade, and not sharing a common language acts as a non-tariff trade barrier. Benefit-to-cost ratios for increasing Arabic, Mandarin, French, or Spanish education in the UK are estimated to be at least 2:1, meaning that spending £1 could return £2.

Explore International Trade

  • Riot policemen block supporters of former Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko during a rally near a city court in Kiev, June 25, 2011, photo by Vladimir Sindeyev/Reuters

    Commentary

    Europe's Ukrainian Test

    The EU should conclude the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with Ukraine only if the Yanukovych administration demonstrates clear commitment to European values, write F. Stephen Larrabee and Taras Kuzio.

    Jun 30, 2011

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    How Might bin Laden's Demise Affect Business?

    Given how markets are responding thus far, Osama Bin Laden's death is likely to have a modestly positive and buoyant effect on equity markets, writes Charles Wolf, Jr.

    May 25, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    Ready for Takeoff: China's Advancing Aerospace Industry

    China's aerospace industry has advanced at an impressive rate over the past decade, partly due to the increasing participation of its aerospace industry in the global commercial aerospace market and the supply chains of the world's leading aerospace firms.

    Mar 24, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    Linkages in World Financial Markets

    Assessing the full consequences of the global financial crisis that began in the summer of 2007 will require years, but it is possible now to examine how short-term linkages in different financial markets have changed since the onset of the crisis.

    Mar 3, 2011

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Art Sales as Cultural Intelligence: Analysis of the Auction Market for African Tribal Art

    This paper examines auction sales of African tribal art for the continent as a whole and by individual nations of origin.

    Jan 1, 2011

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Collecting Cultural Intelligence: The Tactical Value of Cultural Property

    This paper defines a framework for the collection of cultural intelligence as a fundamental asset in countering threats to cultural security.

    Jan 1, 2011

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Our Misplaced Yuan Worries

    To reduce the bilateral imbalances between China and the U.S. requires more carefully crafted policies than revaluation of the yuan, else the results could be perverse, writes Charles Wolf Jr.

    Dec 15, 2007

  • News Release

    News Release

    Gift from Cyrus Chung Ying Tang Foundation Will Help Establish China Study Institute

    The Cyrus Chung Ying Tang Foundation has donated $2 million to the RAND Corporation to establish the Tang Institute for U.S.-China Relations. The institute will work to improve policy discussions that shape relations between the U.S. and China on issues such as currency, labor and trade, and more.

    Sep 19, 2007

  • Report

    Report

    Encouraging Trade and Foreign Direct Investment in Ukraine

    Analyzes the foreign trade and investment environment in Ukraine and sets forth policy proposals to foster Ukraine's foreign trade and attract more foreign direct investment.

    Aug 22, 2007

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Cost of Unleashing China's Currency

    Congressional critics say China's undervalued currency is the root of the problem. While China's currency may well be undervalued, the fundamental causes of the job losses and the trade deficit actually lie elsewhere, write William H. Overholt and Pieter Bottelier.

    Jul 13, 2007

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    A Mighty Country's Progress and Regress

    Published commentary by RAND staff: A Mighty Country's Progress and Regress, in Project Syndicate--an association that distributes commentaries to 291 newspapers in 115 countries.

    Jan 4, 2007

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Globalization's Unequal Discontents

    Published commentary by RAND staff: Globalization's Unequal Discontents, in Washingtonpost.com.

    Dec 21, 2006

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Puts & Calls: Concerns Over U.S.-China Trade Deficit Are Overblown

    Published commentary by RAND staff: Puts & Calls: Concerns Over U.S.-China Trade Deficit Are Overblown in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.

    Oct 30, 2005

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    A Sensible Solution To Beijing's Yuan Dilemma?

    Published commentary by RAND staff.

    May 20, 2005

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    The Falling Dollar: A Silver Lining for Pittsburgh

    Published commentary by RAND staff.

    May 8, 2005

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    How to Help Yushchenko

    Published commentary by RAND staff.

    May 6, 2005

  • Scientist showing a piece of graphene

    Report

    High-Technology Manufacturing and U.S. Competitiveness

    Is U.S. high-technology manufacturing at risk?

    Jun 3, 2004

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Europe's Embargo: Keep the Ban on Arms for China

    When the European Council meets at the end of March, European leaders may decide to lift the European Union's 15-year-old embargo on weapons transfers to China, which U.S. and European policy makers imposed in 1989 after the Chinese military's violent crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrators in Beijing.

    Mar 22, 2004

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Buying Cheap Chips From China

    IBM's recent announcement of layoffs at its U.S. semiconductor plant sounds strangely familiar, bringing back memories of when I started my career as a U.S. government policy analyst in the early 1980s. At that time, I found myself in the midst of a great swirl of concern about the technological ascendancy ...

    Sep 24, 2003

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Be Tougher on Burma Than China

    commentaries by RAND Staff: insightful commentaries on current events, published in newspapers, magazines and journals worldwide.

    Jul 4, 2003