International Trade

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International trade—business conducted across national borders—drives GDP and directly and indirectly affects global alliances, globalization, and the economic health of nations. RAND research has examined international trade in contexts as diverse as arms trafficking, the drug trade, international nuclear commerce, trade unions, the U.S.-China trade deficit, and economic investment in Ukraine.

  • Overhead view of a container ship in port, photo by CHUNYIP WONG/Getty Images

    Commentary

    RCEP Forms the World's Largest Trading Bloc. What Does This Mean for Global Trade?

    Dec 9, 2020

    In November, 15 nations signed the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), a free-trade agreement of economic and political significance eight years in the making. Why have some heralded RCEP as a landmark agreement?

  • Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, U.S. President Donald Trump, and UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed sign the Abraham Accords in Washington, September 15, 2020, photo by Tom Brenner/Reuters

    Report

    The Abraham Accords Could Have Wide-Reaching Economic Benefits

    Mar 18, 2021

    The Abraham Accords between Israel and Muslim nations represent a possible new chapter in the region's development—away from conflict and toward a shared vision of economic prosperity. Israel's partners could gain 150,000 new jobs. And that could grow to 4 million new jobs over a decade if other nations join.

Explore International Trade

  • Report

    Report

    Modelling Economic Leverage

    The United States uses various military, diplomatic, and economic means in dealing with the Soviet Union. This Note examines policies toward the Soviets that apply economic suasion by manipulating international trade.

    Jan 1, 1984

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    Report

    Incentives and Insurance in International Financial Markets

    Lays the theoretical groundwork for estimates of resource flows to the Communist World resulting from Western trade policy.

    Jan 1, 1984

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    Report

    Modeling the Production and International Trade of Arms: An Economic Framework for Analyzing Policy Alternatives

    Analyzes international arms transfers and indigenous arms production by embedding these activities in a framework of economic, diplomatic, and political incentives and constraints.

    Jan 1, 1981

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    Report

    Flexible vs. fixed exchange rates and international monetary stability

    It is argued that a flexible exchange rate system (1) will not require deflation to restore equilibrium to the external balance and therefore not infringe on national autonomy, (2) will not impose increased costs on the foreign trade sector, and (3) ...

    Jan 1, 1977

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    Report

    International Transactions and Regionalism: Distinguishing Insiders from Outsiders.

    An econometric analysis of criteria for choosing multination trade groupings, in those cases where such groupings are believed to be advantageous. Customarily, these groupings are based on regional criteria that stress geographic proximity as a means...

    Jan 1, 1972

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    Report

    Supply Response in the Colombian Coffee Sector

    Formulates an econometric model of the supply of Colombian coffee to use in estimating how the coffee industry would respond to price incentives to lower production.

    Jan 1, 1969

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    Report

    The Concept of Hostile Trade, and a Case Study of Seventeenth Century Japan

    A study of international trade between hostile societies and the interaction of political tensions and trade relations.

    Apr 1, 1965

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    Report

    Book Review: Bo Sodersten, A Study of Economic Growth and International Trade, Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, Stockholm Economic Studies, New Series V, Stockholm: Almqvist & Wicksell, 1964, 190 pp.

    A review of a rigorous example of model building designed to study complex issues of theory and policy. The reviewer gives a brief analysis of Sodersten's method and some of his more interesting results. He commends the book as an addition to the lit...

    Jan 1, 1965

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Gobble'uns and Foreign Policy: A Review

    The author reviews three books on foreign policy.

    Jan 1, 1964

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    The Soviet Financial System: Its Development and Relations with the Western World

    Review of a book: The Soviet Financial System: Its Development and Relations with the Western World, by Mikhail V. Condoide.

    Jan 1, 1963

  • Report

    Report

    The trade agreements of Communist China

    A paper on the nature and significance of the trade agreements of Communist China. The author examines the provisions of the trade agreements, their relation to other international economic agreements, the available but incomplete statistics of the t...

    Jan 1, 1961

  • People

    People

    Rafiq Dossani

    Director, RAND Center for Asia Pacific Policy; Senior Economist; Professor of Policy Analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in finance, Northwestern University; M.B.A. in finance & economics, Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta; B.A. in economics, St. Stephen's College, Delhi

  • People

    People

    Eliane Dufresne

    Analyst
    Education M.Sc. in public policy and development, Toulouse School of Economics

  • People

    People

    Daniel Egel

    Senior Economist
    Education Ph.D. in economics, University of California, Berkeley; B.A. in biology, University of Chicago

  • People

    People

    Christopher A. Eusebi

    Senior Adjunct Researcher
    Education J.D., University of Detroit; M.S. and M.S. in materials engineering, Michigan State University

  • People

    People

    Marco Hafner

    Senior Economist; Research Leader
    Education M.Sc. in economics, University of Zurich; M.Phil. in economics, University College of London

  • People

    People

    C. Richard Neu

    Adjunct Staff; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.S. in economics, California Institute of Technology; M.A. in economics, Harvard University; Ph.D. in economics, Harvard University

  • People

    People

    Howard J. Shatz

    Senior Economist; Professor of Policy Analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in public policy, Harvard University; M.I.A. in international policy analysis and management, Middle East studies, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University; Post-graduate study in Middle East studies, Tel Aviv University; A.B. in history, Brown University

  • People

    People

    Tobias Sytsma

    Associate Economist
    Education Ph.D. in economics, University of Oregon; M.S. in intl and dev economics, University of San Francisco; B.S. in economics, Portland State University

  • People

    People

    Charles P. Ries

    Adjunct Senior Fellow
    Education M.A. and B.A. in international affairs, Johns Hopkins University