Labor Markets

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  • Research Brief

    Resetting the Record: The Facts on Hiring People with Criminal Histories

    Misperceptions may keep employers from hiring people with criminal records. If hiring managers can make evidence-based decisions, it could help ensure that companies get the employees they need, people with criminal records get jobs, and society benefits.

    Jan 9, 2024

  • Visualization

    Rage Against the Machine? How AI Could Affect the Future of Work

    Understanding how technology and artificial intelligence have—and have not—affected jobs in the past can provide insights on the future of the American workforce. What is the relationship between occupational exposure and technologies, wages, and employment related to artificial intelligence?

    Oct 11, 2023

Explore Labor Markets

  • A woman and two men in hard hats on a construction site

    Report

    Bridge to Opportunities: Connecting Probationers to High-Wage Jobs

    Probation agencies face significant challenges to helping their clients find jobs, and earn living wages. One program focused on the construction industry aimed to improve the earning potential of individuals on probation in Sacramento County, California.

    May 25, 2018

  • A young woman looks nervous in a job interview

    Commentary

    Bridging the Growing College Divide Among Young Americans

    Over the last decade, more Americans age 25 to 34 earned four-year college and graduate degrees, but the number of those without college degrees also increased. New ways of communicating educational options and outcomes to young people are needed.

    Apr 13, 2018

  • Greeting new colleague

    Research Brief

    What Policies Are Most Effective at Incentivizing Employers to Hire Ex-Offenders?

    Ex-offenders are less likely to be hired than members of other disadvantaged groups, and former felons with poor economic outcomes are more likely to return to criminal activity. A survey of 100 employers examined how they responded to incentives to hire people with felony criminal records.

    Feb 8, 2018

  • Prospective candidates waiting for a job interview

    Report

    How to Incentivize Employers to Hire Ex-Offenders

    People with criminal records are marginalized in the labor market. What policies might incentivize employers to hire them? Some options include tax credits and replacement guarantees if an ex-offender proves to be unsuitable once hired.

    Jan 15, 2018

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: January-February 2018

    This issue highlights RAND research on life inside the Islamic State and on the economic returns of early childhood investments, plus lessons for the U.S. from Britain's approach to free child care.

    Jan 3, 2018

  • Farmer holding a handful of fresh vine ripened tomatoes

    Commercial Book

    I Am Not a Tractor! How Florida Farmworkers Took on the Fast Food Giants and Won

    A new book by Susan Marquis celebrates the courage, vision, and creativity of the farmworkers and community leaders who have transformed one of the worst agricultural situations in the United States into one of the best.

    Dec 15, 2017

  • Robots working in a factory

    Commentary

    The Risks of AI to Security and the Future of Work

    As artificial intelligence (AI) becomes more prevalent in the domains of security and employment, what are the policy implications? What effects might AI have on cybersecurity, criminal and civil justice, and labor market patterns?

    Dec 6, 2017

  • Women at the Mandela Washington Fellowship for Young African Leaders Initiative (YALI): 2015 West Africa Regional Conference

    Dissertation

    Labor Market Outcomes of Youth and Women in Newly Industrialized and Developing Countries

    This dissertation examines the effects of exogenous shocks and labor market policies on employment, wages, and human capital development of youth and women.

    Dec 4, 2017

  • People on a bus commuting to work

    Blog

    Exploring the Challenges Facing American Workers

    A panel of experts at RAND discussed changes in the U.S. economy and findings from a survey that asked more than 3,000 Americans about issues they face in the workplace. Frequent hostility, rising inequality, slow wage growth, and changes in the demand for certain skills are some of the issues affecting workers.

    Sep 15, 2017

  • A business man looking at gears and a drawing of work and innovation

    Multimedia

    The State of the American Worker

    In this Events @ RAND podcast, a panel of RAND's top analysts discuss emerging trends in the labor market and policy options to address inequality and jobs of the future.

    Sep 12, 2017

  • A male office worker reads files at his desk

    Project

    Focus on the American Worker

    The American Worker blog series explores critical topics that affect America's workforce, including the disturbing prevalence of hostile behaviors at work, how self-driving cars will affect the workforce, and why more young workers are relying on their parents.

    Aug 29, 2017

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Personality and Employment Transitions at Older Ages: Direct and Indirect Effects Through Non-Monetary Job Characteristics

    We assess the extent to which personality traits are directly associated with labor force transitions at older ages and moderate the effect of non-monetary job characteristics on retirement decisions.

    Aug 18, 2017

  • Woman chopping vegetables in a restaurant kitchen

    Commentary

    California's Tourism Industry: A Launching Pad for New Careers

    Travel and tourism jobs in California often serve as an entry point for those outside the paid labor force. Nearly 55 percent leave the industry within a few years, some of whom move to another industry but keep the same occupation. Others change occupations as they change industries.

    Jun 29, 2017

  • The Santa Monica Pier in California, illuminated at night with a reflection on shoreline

    Report

    The Effects of Travel and Tourism on California's Economy

    California's travel and tourism industry employs a diverse workforce that makes a meaningful contribution to the state's economy. For some, the industry offers a stable career path with good wages and wage growth. For others, it's a launching point into other industries.

    Jun 27, 2017

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Labor Supply Estimation Biases from Disregarding Nonwage Benefits

    This paper develops and estimates a stochastic dynamic model of occupation and job choice, where nonwage benefits are directly incorporated into the decision alongside wages.

    May 10, 2017

  • Report

    Report

    The impact of the National Minimum Wage on employment: A meta-analysis

    The report considers the effects of the UK national minimum wage on different labour market sub-groups since 1999. The findings suggest that increases in the national minimum wage had no negative employment effects on the overall UK labour market.

    Apr 20, 2017

  • An oil and gas worker operates a drilling rig

    Report

    Wages, Employment, and STEM Education in Appalachia

    An ongoing assessment of employment and wages in energy and advanced manufacturing industries in the Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia region captures trends about which counties might have greater demand for educating or employing local talent in STEM careers.

    Mar 22, 2017

  • Teacher talking to his university students

    Report

    Managing the Expansion of Graduate Education in Texas

    RAND researchers analyzed policies and practices that the state, higher education systems, and individual higher education institutions in Texas can use to manage the expansion of their master's, doctoral, and professional programs.

    Mar 3, 2017

  • Report

    Report

    Managing the Expansion of Graduate Education in Texas: Executive Summary

    RAND researchers analyzed policies and practices that the state, higher education systems, and individual higher education institutions in Texas can use to manage the expansion of their master's, doctoral, and professional programs.

    Mar 3, 2017

  • Adult students attending a computer course

    Commentary

    Community Colleges Can Be 'First Responders' in Retraining Displaced Workers

    Many of the occupations with the most opportunities require two-year degrees or certificates. Community colleges play a key role in training students for these jobs and offer a supportive environment for displaced and dissatisfied workers.

    Feb 16, 2017

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