Military Command and Control

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To accomplish their missions, military leaders must be able to command and control the many activities of their forces. RAND has applied strategic analysis since its earliest work on game theory to develop scenarios and guide military and civilian decisionmakers on the most effective employment of command and control (C2) principles and technologies, and continues to do so with C4I (command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence).

  • PLA Qiandaohu, a Chinese navy ship, steams in close formation as one of 42 ships and submarines from 15 international partner nations during Rim of the Pacific 2014, photo by Shannon E. Renfroe/U.S. Navy

    Report

    Command and Control in U.S. Naval Competition with China

    Dec 17, 2020

    The navies of the United States and China will likely face challenges as they shift to new missions unless they adapt their existing concepts of command and control. Their willingness to adapt could prove to be decisive in maritime rivalry, and perhaps in the overall balance of strategic competition between the two nations.

  • A helicopter lands during the trident juncture exercise in the Netherlands

    Report

    NATO's Amphibious Forces: Command and Control of a Multibrigade Alliance Task Force

    Jun 27, 2019

    At the request of U.S. Marine Corps Forces Europe and Africa, RAND researchers facilitated three wargaming events exploring how to leverage and enhance the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)'s existing amphibious capacity by organizing extant national forces into a coherent multibrigade command and control (C2) structure.

Explore Military Command and Control

  • Report

    Report

    Dilemmas in the Politico-Military Conduct of Escalating Crises

    A discussion of the difficulty in accomplishing political direction of the military in rapidly escalating nuclear crises.

    Jan 1, 1965

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    The Use of War Games in Command and Control Analysis

    A description of a technique for examining command and control problems. This technique analyzes the command and control aspects of previously played limited war games.

    Oct 1, 1961

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    Report

    The History, Purpose and Script of Cogwheel

    Discussion of Cogwheel, a 1955 sound film showing a forty-man Air Force crew operating an air-defense direction center in the RAND Systems Research Laboratory. Includes the script for Cogwheel.

    Jun 24, 1957

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    Cogwheel: A Film Story of Systems Research Laboratory's Activities

    A discussion of Cogwheel, a sound film showing a 40-man Air Force crew operating an air-defense direction center in the RAND Systems Research Laboratory.

    Sep 21, 1955

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    Jennifer Brookes

    Physical Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in physical chemistry, University of Washington; B.S. in chemistry & biology, University of Portland

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    Cortez A. Cooper III

    Senior International/Defense Researcher; Affiliate Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in Asian Studies, University of Hawaii; B.A. in psychology, Davidson College

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    Michael H. Decker

    Senior International/Defense Research Analyst
    Education M.S. in strategic intelligence, Nat'l Defense Intelligence College; M.A. in government/national security studies, Georgetown University

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    Daniel Gonzales

    Senior Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in theoretical physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; B.S. in physics, Stanford University

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    Quentin E. Hodgson

    Senior International/Defense Researcher; Affiliate Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.A. in history and Russian language, The Johns Hopkins University; M.A. in international relations, The Johns Hopkins University - School of Advanced International Studies; M.Sc. in national resource management, Industrial College of the Armed Forces

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    Myron Hura

    Senior Engineer
    Education Ph.D. in environmental science and engineering, University of California, Los Angeles; M.S. in engineering, University of California, Los Angeles; B.S., U.S. Naval Academy

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    John Matsumura

    Senior Engineer
    Education Ph.D. in engineering and public policy, Carnegie Mellon University; M.S. in engineering mechanics, Pennsylvania State University; B.S. in aerospace engineering, Pennsylvania State University

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    Gary McLeod

    Senior Policy Analyst
    Education M.S. in astronomy, CalTech (California Institute of Technology); B.S. in physics, University of Minnesota

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    George Nacouzi

    Senior Engineer; Affiliate Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education B.S. in aero/astro engineering, CSU Poly (Pomona); M.S. in aerospace engineering, UCLA; Ph.D. in aerospace engineering, UCI

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    Matthew Sargent

    Management Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in history and organizational theory, UC Berkeley; M.A. in history, UC Berkeley; M.A. in European studies, Georgetown; A.B. in chemistry and art history, Dartmouth

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    Michael Spirtas

    Associate Director, International Security and Defense Policy Center; Senior Political Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in international relations, Columbia University

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    Colby P. Steiner

    Physical Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in physical chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; B.S. in chemistry, University of California, Berkeley

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    Robert S. Tripp

    Senior Management Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in business administration, University of Minnesota; M.S. in business administration, Michigan Technological University; B.S. in metallurgical engineering, Michigan Technological University