Military Facilities

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Adequate military facilities are critical for the support, redeployment, and operation of military forces. RAND research has examined the structure and needs of such facilities for U.S. and allied military forces, provided recommendations concerning base realignment, and investigated ways to maximize the capabilities and utilization of existing resources and to anticipate future facility-related requirements.

  • A facility at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, was severely damaged by Hurricane Michael, October 10, 2018, photo by Staff Sgt. Ryan Conroy/U.S. Air Force

    Report

    How Can the Department of the Air Force Prepare for Natural Hazards?

    Some Air Force facilities are exposed to flooding, high winds, wildfires, or even multiple hazards. Future costs of damages are uncertain, and climate change could affect the frequency and scale of these hazards. The process for making investment decisions regarding resilience should be flexible.

    Aug 9, 2021

  • Two U.S. Air Force F-22 Raptors fly over Joint Base Langley-Eustis’ Felker Army Airfield at Fort Eustis, Virginia, June 12, 2018. Felker Army Airfield represents the success of consolidating Army and Air Force operations through a joint base as the airfield continues to support aerial missions while being operated by the Air Force’s 1st Operations Support Squadron, photo by Tech. Sgt. Natasha Stannard/U.S. Air Force

    Report

    Winning the Battle of the Airfields

    Airfields have long been recognized as essential military facilities. And combatants have gone to great lengths to destroy enemy aircraft on the ground and to deny the use of airfields through attacks. What enduring lessons do RAND's seven decades of work on air base defense and attack provide?

    Feb 24, 2021

Explore Military Facilities

  • world map showing U.S. overseas bases

    Report

    The Strategic Benefits, Risks, and Costs of U.S. Military Presence Overseas

    While the DoD is under pressure to reduce costs, meaningful savings from overseas posture changes would require choosing from a small set of options, each presenting benefit trade-offs. U.S. military presence contributes to assurance of allies, deterrence, contingency responsiveness, and security cooperation.

    Apr 29, 2013

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    U.S. Overseas Military Posture: Relative Costs and Strategic Benefits

    In an environment of fiscal constraints and shifting strategic needs, policymakers should carefully weigh the strategic capability effects, relative costs, and risks associated with potential changes to U.S. overseas military posture.

    Apr 29, 2013

  • Report

    Report

    Obtaining Life-Cycle Cost-Effective Facilities in the Department of Defense

    The Department of Defense constructs, operates, and maintains numerous facilities. This report shares RAND's description and assessment of the process used to obtain life-cycle cost-effective facilities and how it affects construction options.

    Mar 5, 2013

  • Satellite image of the United States at night

    Report

    Capabilities-Based Planning Can Enhance Energy Security at DoD Installations

    Energy security strategies are needed because DoD installations rely on the U.S. commercial electricity grid which is vulnerable to disruption from natural hazards and actor-induced outages, such as physical or cyber attacks.

    Feb 20, 2013

  • The Netzaberg military family housing area

    Report

    Exploring the Association Between Military Base Neighborhood Characteristics and Soldiers' and Airmen's Outcomes

    This report explores how neighborhood theory and social indicators research shed light on quality of life in and around military bases, gaps in the methodology, and how a more in-depth analysis of military installations could be conducted.

    Jan 24, 2013

  • One of a flight of F-5A Freedom Fighter,armed with 500-pound bombs,refuels from a KC-135 tanker somewhere over Vietnam in February 1966.

    Report

    U.S. Global Defense Posture, 1783–2011

    Debates over the U.S. global defense posture are not new. As policymakers today evaluate the U.S. forward military presence, it is important that they understand how and why the U.S. global posture has changed in the past. This historical overview has important implications for current policy and future efforts to develop an American military strategy, in particular the scope, size, and type of military presence overseas.

    Jan 14, 2013

  • News Release

    News Release

    Looming Strategic Choices for U.S. Overseas Military Presence

    Since World War II, the United States has relied on a global network of military bases and forces to protect its interests and those of its allies. But the international environment has changed greatly and economic concerns have risen, leading some to debate just what America's role should now be in the world.

    Sep 12, 2012

  • Report

    Report

    Looming Strategic Choices for U.S. Overseas Military Presence

    Since World War II, the United States has relied on a global network of military bases and forces to protect its interests and those of its allies. But the international environment has changed greatly and economic concerns have risen, leading some to debate just what America's role should now be in the world.

    Sep 11, 2012

  • Report

    Report

    Optimizing the Defense Language Institute English Language Center

    Presents an assessment of the Defense Language Institute English Language Center (DLIELC), which trains foreign nationals in English prior to their attending U.S. military education and training courses.

    Aug 30, 2012

  • Report

    Report

    Funding Ammunition Ports

    The U.S. Army's two ammunition ports -- Military Ocean Terminal Concord and Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point -- have different funding approaches and accounting systems, and a central question is what the most appropriate financial structure should be.

    May 9, 2012

  • Report

    Report

    Improving Joint Expeditionary Medical Planning Tools Based on a Patient Flow Approach

    The authors propose a planning concept for U.S. military expeditionary medical care that promotes patient flow rate as the common unit of measurement for treatment and evacuation functions.

    Apr 24, 2012

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Assessing the Needs of Service Members and Their Families: A New Approach

    Describes a new survey design framework that is centered on what service members and their families believe are their greatest needs.

    Nov 21, 2011

  • Veteran returning home hugging his daughters

    Report

    A New Approach for Assessing the Needs of Service Members and Their Families

    A survey tool based on a new methodological framework can be used by the Department of Defense and local military commanders to gauge the problems and problem-related needs of service members and their families, how well those needs are being met, and the barriers and bridges to accessing services.

    Nov 21, 2011

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Collaboration Between Army Installations and Energy Utility Companies

    Explores how the Army can improve collaboration with utility companies to reduce energy consumption on its installations and help meet other Army energy goals.

    Oct 26, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    Beneficial Collaboration Between Army Installations and Energy Utility Companies

    U.S. Army installation energy costs around the globe totaled more than $1.2 billion in 2010. Collaborating with energy utility companies could help the Army to decrease energy usage, lower costs, and meet legislative mandates. The benefits for utility companies include energy conservation and support for renewable energy technologies.

    Oct 26, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    Preserving Range and Airspace Access for the Air Force Mission: Striving for a Strategic Vantage Point

    Air Force range managers schedule the infrastructure and airspace needed for realistic testing and training activities, which requires adequate information about the proposed maneuvers, the acceptable context, and understanding of the goals.

    May 17, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    The Economics of Air Force Medical Service Readiness

    To transition rapidly to wartime service, Air Force Medical Service critical-care providers need suitable peacetime training opportunities, and this work must be properly attributed to AFMS so that it receives proper credit in budget distributions.

    Jan 12, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    Incorporating Sustainability into Army Installation Plans

    Given the experiences of industry and communities, many Army installations have started to develop and implement installation sustainability plans, which document long-range plans addressing mission, community, and environmental issues developed through a strategic planning process.

    Dec 9, 2009

  • Dissertation

    Dissertation

    Defining and Evaluating Reliable Options for Overseas Combat Support Basing

    Identifies a robust set of facility locations for the Air Force to place combat support basing materiel that will cover a broad range of potential missions (e.g., training, humanitarian, and major combat operations) that may occur around the world.

    Sep 21, 2009

  • Report

    Report

    Using and Sharing Geospatial Information in the Department of Defense

    The sharing of geospatial information provides the DoD both opportunities and challenges. Benefits include improved effectiveness resulting in better outcomes and efficiency in the form of reduced costs. Challenges include concern over security issues and technical difficulties in sharing information.

    Aug 19, 2007