Military Intelligence

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Military intelligence includes information on other countries' military forces, plans, and operations gained through a variety of collection methods. RAND analyzes this intelligence to help civilian policymakers and military leaders understand political and military trends around the world, the sources of potential regional conflict, and emerging threats to the global security environment, and provides recommendations on how best to employ information-gathering techniques and technologies.

  • Illustration of a brain with pathways and nodes, images by lyas Toker/Getty Images and Volha Ramanchuk/Getty Images/iStock

    Report

    Artificial Intelligence Systems in Intelligence Analysis

    Aug 26, 2021

    The U.S. military and intelligence community have shown interest in using artificial intelligence systems to support intelligence analysis. But deploying AI systems in a national security context requires the ability to measure how well they will perform in the context of their mission.

  • Residents of Raqqa gather in the morning to drink tea after they had been allowed back to inspect their homes, photo by Aboud Hamam

    Essay

    Civilian Casualties: Lessons from the Battle for Raqqa

    Jul 1, 2022

    The United States' emphasis on minimizing civilian harm in Raqqa, Syria, was quite clear and strong up and down the chain of command. But the way in which the U.S. military waged war in Raqqa too often undercut that commitment. The Pentagon asked RAND to find out what happened.

Explore Military Intelligence

  • U.S. service members in a training exercise during Cyber Flag

    Report

    Military Intelligence Fusion for Complex Operations: A New Paradigm

    A proposed a paradigm shift in how military intelligence is fused, via behavioral intelligence analysis, a concept that provides a more complete picture of the complex counterinsurgency environment.

    Jul 23, 2012

  • Report

    Report

    RAND NSRD Annual Report 2011-2012

    Surveys the work of the RAND National Security Research Division from the spring of 2011 through the winter of 2012.

    Jun 8, 2012

  • Report

    Report

    Assessing Freedom of Movement for Counterinsurgency Campaigns

    This report examines how a military staff might assess freedom of movement as a strategic and tactical indicator in counterinsurgency, and specifically in Afghanistan.

    Jan 12, 2012

  • USARAF commander meets with Mauritanian senior leaders

    Research Brief

    Addressing Commanders' Needs for Information on "Soft" Factors

    A framework for thinking about commanders' critical information needs in countersurgency operations, offering practical ways for commanders to integrate influence activities into combined arms planning and assessment.

    Dec 5, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    From Insurgency to Stability: Volume II: Insights from Selected Case Studies

    This book examines six case studies of insurgencies from around the world to determine the key factors in the successful transition from counterinsurgency toward stability.

    Sep 7, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    Analysis of Subnational Government in Afghanistan Identifies Opportunities for Improvement

    The existing subnational government across Afghanistan is too centralized and weak to fulfill two basic requirements of legitimacy: effective service provision and representation. Opportunities for improvement are outlined for international actors hoping to strengthen local government in recently cleared areas.

    Aug 10, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    An Organizational Design Assessment of U.S. Marine Corps Intelligence

    Over the past decade, U.S. Marine Corps intelligence has had to tailor its organization to meet the evolving demands of the operational environment. A broad review of its design examined how to align it efficiently and effectively with current and future missions and functions.

    Jul 13, 2011

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    Commentary

    What Should We Expect of Our Spies?

    Questions not asked or stories not imagined by policy are not likely to be answered or developed by intelligence, writes Gregory F. Treverton.

    May 24, 2011

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Al-Qaeda after bin Laden

    Wary of communicating with each other and with al Qaeda's field commands, al Qaeda central could become more isolated, more dependent on its affiliates, allied groups, and individual acolytes, writes Brian Michael Jenkins.

    May 12, 2011

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Book Review: 'Fallout' by Catherine Collins and Douglas Frantz

    Anyone concerned about nuclear proliferation or interested in the world of espionage will want to read Catherine Collins and Douglas Frantz's provocative new book, "Fallout: The True Story of the CIA's Secret War on Nuclear Trafficking," which tells a fascinating story whose characters come straight out of a spy novel, writes Brian Michael Jenkins.

    Jan 9, 2011

  • Report

    Report

    Understanding Commanders' Information Needs for Influence Operations

    In order to improve the effectiveness of combined arms planning and assessment operations, ground commanders need information pertaining to cultural and other "soft" factors and practical ways to integrate such information into influence operations activities.

    Oct 28, 2009

  • Report

    Report

    Controlling the Cost of C4I Upgrades on Naval Ships

    Looking across a set of completed C4I upgrades to U.S. Navy ships, the authors uncovered mixed evidence of cost improvement, a high level of variability in costs, and a trend toward overestimating the installation-labor costs of certain upgrades.

    Sep 14, 2009

  • Report

    Report

    Improving Development and Utilization of U.S. Air Force Intelligence Officers

    Describes an approach to develop systematic and effective career strategies for U.S. Air Force officers.

    Jul 14, 2009

  • Commercial Book

    Commercial Book

    Intelligence for an Age of Terror: New Book Examines Implications of Terrorism for U.S. Intelligence

    Because terrorism is not confined to national boundaries, it puts pressure on the U.S. both at home and abroad, forcing intelligence and law enforcement—the CIA and the FBI—to work together in new ways. This requires new means of sharing not just information but also analysis across the federal system.

    May 19, 2009

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Wanted Dead or Alive? When We Don't Get Our Man

    On his first day in office, President Barack Obama issued a dramatic series of executive orders intended to symbolize a change of direction in America's "war" on terrorism. Despite the headlines these orders generated, a more significant policy shift may have been the one signaled the week before his inauguration, writes Benjamin Runkle.

    Mar 3, 2009

  • Report

    Report

    Considering the Creation of a Domestic Intelligence Agency in the United States: Lessons from the Experiences of Australia, Canada, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom

    With terrorism still prominent on the U.S. agenda, whether the country’s prevention efforts match the threat the United States faces continues to be central in policy debate. One element of this debate is questioning whether the United States should create a dedicated domestic intelligence agency. Case studies of five other democracies provide lessons and common themes that may help policymakers decide.

    Feb 5, 2009

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    The Secret Briefing Obama Needs on Day One

    A select few Americans will ever see the president's daily brief — a digest of the intelligence community's most closely guarded secrets. But trust me, Barack Obama is going to need much more useful information than he is getting now, writes Gregory F. Treverton.

    Jan 22, 2009

  • Report

    Report

    The Knowledge Matrix Approach to Intelligence Fusion

    As the U.S. military transforms to an information-based force, it will need to collect, combine, and utilize intelligence relying on the process known as ''fusion.'' This report describes one approach to capturing fusion in a constructive simulation.

    Sep 4, 2007

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Iran's Covert War in Iraq

    Published commentary by RAND staff: Iran's Covert War in Iraq, in the Washington Times.

    Mar 16, 2007

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Media Leaks Hinder Intelligence Gathering

    Published commentary by RAND staff: Media Leaks Hinder Intelligence Gathering, in the Washington Times.

    Mar 11, 2007

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