Military Logistics

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Logistics—the transfer of personnel and materiel from one location to another, as well as the maintenance of that materiel—is essential for a military to be able to support an ongoing deployment or respond effectively to emergent threats. RAND has long provided guidance and effective solutions to military supply and logistics decisionmakers, resulting in significant savings, improved readiness and combat support, and unit flexibility.

Explore Military Logistics

  • News Release

    News Release

    The End of the Iraq War Offers Lessons for Withdrawal from Afghanistan

    Policymakers and military commanders should use the lessons derived from the final years of U.S. involvement in Iraq to inform critical decisions and timelines required to successfully end large-scale military operations, including the one in Afghanistan. However, there is no “one-size-fits-all” template to follow.

    Nov 5, 2013

  • Iraqi Police and U.S. colonel attended the Iraqi Police River Patrol Graduation ceremonies on the banks of the Tigris River

    Report

    The End of the Iraq War Offers Lessons for Withdrawal from Afghanistan

    Policymakers and military commanders should use the lessons derived from the final years of U.S. involvement in Iraq to inform critical decisions and timelines required to successfully end large-scale military operations, including the one in Afghanistan. However, there is no “one-size-fits-all” template to follow.

    Nov 5, 2013

  • U.S. military and Iraqi Army officers

    Research Brief

    Smooth Transitions? Lessons Learned from Transferring U.S. Military Responsibilities to Civilian Authorities in Iraq

    An examination of the transition of authority from military hands to civilians in the U.S. and Iraqi governments found lessons that could smooth the departure of U.S. forces from Afghanistan in 2014 and guide similar transitions in the future.

    Nov 5, 2013

  • Airmen perform warehouse location checks at Whiteman Air Force Base, Mo., June 25, 2013

    Solution

    Dispersing War Reserve Materiel

    Prepositioning of war reserve materiel is essential to rapid deployment of U.S. forces, but the existing centralized storage posture is not well suited to unpredictable deployments. Would dispersed storage be a better option?

    Nov 3, 2013

  • Soldiers quickly walk to the ramp of the CH-47 Chinook cargo helicopter that will return them to Kandahar Army Air Field.

    Report

    Improving Readiness Reporting for an Adaptive Army

    The Army has developed an impressive capacity to adapt to emerging requirements by providing units with new capabilities rapidly and flexibly. While the readiness reporting system still works as originally intended, however, the current readiness reporting system captures only a portion of the adaptations readily seen in recent years.

    Oct 10, 2013

  • Report

    New Approaches to Defense Inflation and Discounting

    An examination of how well current inflation indices and discount rates serve Department of Defense weapon-system program management.

    Aug 23, 2013

  • Report

    Report

    Improving Inventory Management of Organizational Clothing and Individual Equipment at Central Issue Facilities

    Army Central Issue Facilities (CIFs) do not have a formal mechanism signaling when to review inventory levels and when and whether to requisition items. RAND developed an algorithm that can be used to determine when and what quantity to replenish.

    Aug 5, 2013

  • Paratroopers exit a C-130 aircraft at Al Asad Airbase, Iraq, as part of an airborne training exercise

    Solution

    Measuring Troop Deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan

    How "big" were the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan? To prepare for future conflicts, the U.S. Army needed to know exactly how far it extended itself in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF).

    Jul 10, 2013

  • Brochure

    Brochure

    RAND NSRD Annual Report 2012-2013

    Surveys the work of the RAND National Security Research Division from spring of 2012 through winter of 2013.

    Jun 25, 2013

  • Report

    Measuring the Value of Renewal: Age, Operational Tempo, Deployment, and Reset Effects on the Readiness and Maintenance Costs of Army Vehicles

    Age and heavy usage makes equipment renewal an Army imperative. Recent expenditures have been on the order of $10 billion per year. Quantitative analyses are needed to determine how often a vehicle should be renewed. This study assesses the effects of vehicle age, operational tempo, Southwest Asia deployment, and reset on mission-critical failures and maintenance costs.

    Jun 3, 2013

  • Periodical

    2012 RAND Arroyo Center Annual Report

    This annual report describes Arroyo's research activities in 2012, with profiles of its five programs providing a close look at the year's research agenda. RAND Arroyo Center is the Army's federally funded research and development center for studies and analyses. Its mission is to help Army leaders make decisions that are informed by independent, objective, high-quality analysis.

    May 17, 2013

  • world map showing U.S. overseas bases

    Report

    The Strategic Benefits, Risks, and Costs of U.S. Military Presence Overseas

    While the DoD is under pressure to reduce costs, meaningful savings from overseas posture changes would require choosing from a small set of options, each presenting benefit trade-offs. U.S. military presence contributes to assurance of allies, deterrence, contingency responsiveness, and security cooperation.

    Apr 29, 2013

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    U.S. Overseas Military Posture: Relative Costs and Strategic Benefits

    In an environment of fiscal constraints and shifting strategic needs, policymakers should carefully weigh the strategic capability effects, relative costs, and risks associated with potential changes to U.S. overseas military posture.

    Apr 29, 2013

  • Report

    Report

    Commercial Intratheater Airlift: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Use in U.S. Central Command

    Intratheater airlift delivers critical and time-sensitive supplies to deployed forces, but is it cost effective to use commercial, rather than organic Air Force, aircraft to supply this airlift?

    Apr 8, 2013

  • Report

    Report

    Assessment of Beddown Alternatives for the F-35 - Executive Summary

    The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter is the most costly aircraft acquisition program in Defense Department history. RAND assessed the potential for savings by reconfiguring the U.S. Air Force's combat-coded F-35s into larger squadrons, adjusting the Primary Aerospace Vehicle Authorized (PAA) mix across the Active and Reserve Components, and adjusting the percentage of PAA permanently assigned to locations in the continental United States.

    Apr 3, 2013

  • Report

    Report

    Assessment of Beddown Alternatives for the F-35

    The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter is the most costly aircraft acquisition program in Defense Department history. RAND assessed the potential for savings by reconfiguring the U.S. Air Force's combat-coded F-35s into larger squadrons, adjusting the Primary Aerospace Vehicle Authorized (PAA) mix across the Active and Reserve Components, and adjusting the percentage of PAA permanently assigned to locations in the continental United States.

    Apr 3, 2013

  • Civilian contractor at Ghulzani Warrior Training Center

    Commentary

    A Lesson from Iraq War: How to Outsource War to Private Contractors

    Both to repeat the successes of private military contracting and to avoid the mistakes of contractors in the recent wars, the Department of Defense must consider several points specific to security contractors, writes Molly Dunigan.

    Mar 19, 2013

  • Afghan artillerymen certified and ready to lead

    Report

    Measuring Army Deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan

    In light of misconceptions about the Army's capacity to deploy additional soldiers to Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), RAND Arroyo Center was asked to assess the demands placed upon the Army by these deployments. Analyzing deployment data, Arroyo found that the Army has provided over 1.5 million troop-years as of December 2011 to OIF and OEF, and most soldiers deployed to these operations served multiple tours.

    Feb 28, 2013

  • U.S. Army Captain talks with the Nurgaram district sub-governor in Nuristan, Afghanistan

    Commentary

    Book Review: 'The Outpost: An Untold Story of American Valor' by Jake Tapper

    Tapper spends too much time providing tactical details of battles and too little offering a nuanced, thoughtful explanation of why the U.S. Army struggled so much in Nuristan, writes Seth G. Jones.

    Jan 14, 2013

  • Report

    Report

    A Gap Analysis of Life Cycle Management Commands and Best Purchasing and Supply Management Organizations

    The Army Materiel Command (AMC) asked RAND Arroyo Center to review its achievements in implementing best purchasing and supply management practices, and assess how it compares to commercial enterprises. Arroyo found that the AMC is making good progress in the area of personnel education levels, but is losing ground in the area of supplier analysis.

    Jan 7, 2013